Chapter 3: Public Concerns

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Chapter 3:

Public Concerns

Ownership and management of the Buffalo Mountain, LLC property can have many effects on members of the local area. Adjacent landowners come in contact with the perimeter of the property and can be affected by certain management techniques. People within the immediate area will be concerned with their safety, health and property values as well as other valid personal concerns. These issues should be a consideration in the future use of this land.


A majority of the property cannot be seen from a road; however aesthetics will be an important factor in determining management regimes as it is related to forest health is some situations. There are several areas where some type of management is recommended that are visible from a public road or an adjacent property. In these areas, aesthetics played an important role in determining the recommendations as well as minimizing the attractiveness to certain types of wildlife to help isolate the resource and reduce the effects of outside influences on management objectives.


Hunting is a major past time for people in Pittsburg and Latimer counties and there are many landowners who profit from recreational leases for activities like hunting. Hunting leases are becoming more common in Oklahoma and are trending toward bringing a premium due to the increasing quality of the hunting experiences in the region. Many Oklahoma landowners already profit from hunting leases and the demand for quality hunting leases continues to increase. They provide significant income potential for rural landowners throughout the state and often provide additional profitable enterprises on land already managed for livestock, crops, or timber (Bidwell et al F-5032).

Since the property has been acquired by David Adams of Buffalo Mountain, LLC, recreation and effective, responsible utilization of the property have become the priority in management.

Local Economics

Farming, ranching, and forest management (including associated activities, i.e. logging, lumber mills, etc) are economic aspects of this area as well as an expanding natural resource exploration aspect that provides opportunity to the local citizens. These activities account for some types of employment for Pittsburg and Latimer counties. The largest city in Pittsburg County, McAlester, dominates the local economy and, due to its location and proximity to U.S. 69, is a hub for interstate shipping and travel.

Oklahoma State Laws

Oklahoma Forestry Code

Occasionally, timber harvest will need to take place to reach land management and habitat objectives. When this does happen, the Oklahoma State Statutes that pertain to forestry operations and other land management practices must be followed. The particular sections that apply to these practices are commonly referred to as the Oklahoma Forestry Code (OFC). The OFC explains in detail the requirements for lawfully harvesting timber off of any particular property for the harvesters, landowners and other parties with a potential interest in the timber. Following these laws closely while harvesting timber is important in order to avoid criminal charges in the event of an accidental harvest of a neighbor’s timber as well as other sensitive issues. Section 16-60 outlines ‘Wrongful Injuries to Timber’ and the potential criminal penalties. Section 16-61 pertains to the requirements for notifying adjacent landowners of a timber harvest operation on a property. Section 16-62 states the consequences of failing to notify the adjacent landowners of a harvesting operation. Section 16-63 addresses the fraudulent sales of timber and its consequences. Section 16-64 tells of the required documentation for timber harvesters. Section 16-65 covers the documentation requirements necessary for timber purchasers. Section 16-66 establishes the potential penalties for falsification of ownership and/or identification used in documentation of purchase. The complete 2007 listing of the OFC may be found by contacting Oklahoma Department of Agriculture, Food and Forestry in the Forestry Services Division and also at,%202007.pdf.

Oklahoma Laws Pertaining to Burning

State laws set guidelines that are to be followed when conducting any controlled burn. Sections, under Title 2 of the OFC, govern the legal use of fire in Oklahoma. Section 16-24 (Lawful Burning), states the lawful way to use fire to manage and manipulate plant species and to rid unwanted species on croplands, rangelands, or forestlands. Section 16-25 (Unlawful Burning), states the illegalness of setting fire and an unauthorized area. Violators are subject to fines and/or imprisonment as well as shall be liable for any injury to persons. Section 16-28 (Procedure to Lawfully Burn Land), define procedure to lawfully using prescribe fire.
Periodically and when conditions warrant, burn bans are put into place on a by-county or statewide basis. To check and see if there is a burn ban currently in place, visit,, a web page established for communicating where the current burn bans are located within the state of Oklahoma. This page is a service of Oklahoma Forestry Services, which is a division of Oklahoma Department of Agriculture, Food and Forestry.
Pesticide Laws and Rules

State pesticide laws under the Oklahoma Statutes Title 2, sections 3-81 through 3-86 govern and regulate the use of pesticides in Oklahoma. Section 3-82 requires that license, certification, insurance, permit, and pesticide registration be obtain for lawful usage of pesticides. Section 3-83 requires that applicators and dealers keep records pertaining to pesticides activities. Section 3-85 gives the State Board of Agriculture the authority to administer the concentrations of pesticides and the allowable thresholds. Section 3-86 states the violation and there penalties; also, it gives the Board of Agriculture the authority to suspend, revoke, refuse to issue or reissue any licenses certificates, or identification.

(Agriculture Laws and Statutes)
Noxious Weed Law and Rules

Legislature has found musk thistle (Carduus nutans L.), Scotch thistle (Onopordum acanthium L.), and Canada thistle (Cirsium arvense) to be a noxious weed across the state. Title 2 section 220 forces landowners to treat, control, or eradicate all Canadian, musk, or Scotch thistles; failure to comply may result in a $1000 per day fine. The degrees of infestation are defined as:

(1) Light infestation Less than two (2) plants per acre.

(2) Medium infestation Two (2) to nine (9) plants per acre.

(3) Severe infestation Ten (10) or more plants per acre.

(Agriculture Laws and Statutes)
Federal Laws

Endangered Species Act of 1973

The purpose of this act is to conserve and provide programs of conservation to ecosystems upon which endangered species and threatened species depend. The Secretary of interior and the Secretary of Commerce are responsible for determining, publishing, and updating in the federal register, a list of the endangered and threatened wildlife and plant species. (Section 4 A list can also be obtained from the US Fish and Wildlife website:

I.  Oklahoma's Endangered Species
(An "*" indicates that the species is listed as federally endangered under the Endangered Species Act (ESA); species without an asterisk are listed as endangered by the State of Oklahoma but not by the federal government)

   A.  Mammals

          Gray Bat (Myotis grisescens)  *
          Indiana Bat (Myotis sodalis)  *
          Ozark Big-eared Bat (Corynorhinus townsendii ingens)  *      

     B. Birds

          Whooping Crane (Grus americana)  *
          Interior Least Tern (Sterna antillarum)  *
          Black-capped Vireo (Vireo atricapillus)  *
          Red-cockaded Woodpecker (Picoides borealis)  *

      C. Fish

          Longnose Darter (Percina nasuta)

      D. Invertebrates

          Cave Crayfish (Cambarus tartarus)
          American Burying Beetle (Nicrophorus americanus)  *
          Ouachita Rock Pocketbook (Arkansia wheeleri)  *
          Neosho Mucket (Lampsilis rafinesqueana) (considered to be a Candidate species for possible federal listing)
          Scaleshell (Leptodea leptodon)  *
          Winged Mapleleaf (Quadrula fragosa) *

II. Oklahoma's Threatened Species

 (An "*" indicates the species is listed as federally threatened under the Endangered Species Act; species without an asterisk are listed as threatened by the State of Oklahoma but not by the federal government)

         A. Birds

          Piping Plover (Charadrius melodus)  * 

          B. Reptiles

          American Alligator (Alligator mississippiensis)  *
            (Due to their similarity of appearance to another endangered crocodile species, the


      C. Fish

          Ozark Cavefish (Amblyopsis rosae)  *

          Neosho Madtom (Noturus placidus)  *
          Arkansas River Shiner (Notropis girardi)  *
          Leopard Darter (Percina pantherina)  *
          Blackside Darter (Percina maculata)

III. Oklahoma's Species of Special Concern

(An "*" indicates the species is also a Federal Candidate Species under consideration for possible listing as endangered or threatened under the Endangered Species Act)

     A. Category I Species

          1.  Birds

               Ferruginous Hawk (Buteo regalis

               Golden Eagle (Aquila chrysaetos)
               Prairie Falcon (Falco mexicanus)
               Mountain Plover (Charadrius montanus)
               Long-billed Curlew (Numenius americanus

          2.  Invertebrates

               Pilsbry's Narrow-apertured Land Snail (Sterotrema pilsbryi

      B. Category II Species

          1.  Mammals

               Desert Shrew (Notiosorex crawfordi)

               Keen's Myotis (Myotis keenii)
               Small-footed Myotis (Myotis leibii
               Southeastern Myotis (Myotis austroriparius
               Western Big-eared Bat (Corynorhinus townsendii pallescens)
               Rafinesque's Big-eared Bat (Corynorhinus rafinesquii
               Seminole Bat (Lasiurus seminolus)
               Mexican Free-tailed Bat (Tadarida brasiliensis)
               Black-tailed Prairie Dog (Cynomys ludovicianus)
               Woodchuck (Marmota monax)
               Eastern Harvest Mouse (Reithrodontomys humulis)
               Rice Rat (Oryzomys palustris)
               Meadow Jumping Mouse (Zapus hudsonius)
               Texas Kangaroo Rat (Dipodmys elator
               Ringtail (Bassariscus astutus)
               River Otter (Lutra canadensis)
               Hog-nosed Skunk (Conepatus mesoleucus)
               Long-tailed Weasel (Mustela frenata)
               Swift Fox (Vulpes velox)
               Mountain Lion (Felis concolor)

           2.  Birds

               Swainson's Hawk (Buteo swainsoni)
               Snowy Plover (Charadrius alexandrinus
               Barn Owl (Tyto alba)
               Burrowing Owl (Athene cunicularia)
               Migrant Loggerhead Shrike (Lanius ludovicianus migrans
               Bell's Vireo (Vireo bellii)
               Bachman's Sparrow (Aimophila aestivalis

          3.  Reptiles

               Alligator Snapping Turtle (Macrochelys temminckii)
               Map Turtle (Graptemys geographica)
               Earless Lizard (Holbrookia maculata)
               Round-tailed Horned Lizard (Phrynosoma modestum)
               Texas Horned Lizard (Phrynosoma cornutum
               Gulf Crayfish Snake (Regina rigida sincola)
               Louisiana Milk Snake (Lampropeltis triangulum amaura)
               Northern Scarlet Snake (Cemophora coccinea copei)
               Texas Garter Snake (Thamnophis sirtalis annectens
               Texas Longnosed Snake (Rhinocheilus lecontei tessellatus)
               Western Mud Snake (Farancia abacura reinwardtii)
               Desert Massasauga (Sistrurus catenatus edwardsii)        

          4.  Amphibians

               Three-toed Amphiuma (Amphiuma tridactylum)
               Western Lesser Siren (Siren intermedia nettingi)
               Mole Salamander (Ambystoma talpoideum)
               Ringed Salamander (Ambystoma annulatum)
               Four-toed Salamander (Hemidactylium scutatum)
               Ouachita Dusky Salamander (Desmognathus brimleyorum
               Rich Mountain Salamander (Plethodon ouachitae)
               Grotto Salamander (Typhlotriton spelaeus)
               Oklahoma Salamander (Eurycea tynerensis)
               Squirrel Treefrog (Hyla squirella)
               Western Bird-voiced Treefrog (Hyla avivoca avivoca)

           5.  Fish

               Alabama Shad (Alosa alabamae)
               Alligator Gar (Atractosteus spatula)
               Arkansas River Speckled Chub (Macrhybopsis tetranema
               Arkansas Darter (Etheostoma cragini) (Federal Candidate Species)  *
               Black Buffalo (Ictiobus niger)
               Blue Sucker (Cycleptus elongatus
               Bluehead Shiner (Notropis hubbsi)
               Bluntfaced Shiner (Cyprinella camura)
               Brown Bullhead (Ictalurus nebulosus)
               Chain Pickeral (Esox niger)
               Colorless Shiner (Notropis peripallidus)
               Crystal Darter (Ammocrypta asprella
               Cypress Minnow (Hybognathus hayi)
               Flathead Chub (Hybopsis gracilis)
               Goldstripe Darter (Etheostoma parvipinne)
               Harlequin Darter (Etheostoma histrio)
               Ironcolor Shiner (Notropis chalybaeus)
               Kiamichi Shiner (Notropis ortenburgeri)
               Mooneye (Hiodon tergisus)
               Mountain Madtom (Noturus eletherus)
               Pallid Shiner (Notropis amnis)
               Plains Topminnow (Fundulus sciadicus
               Redbreast Sunfish (Lepomis auritus)
               Ribbon Shiner (Lythurus fumeus)
               River Darter (Percina shumardi)
               Shorthead Redhorse (Moxostoma macrolepidotum)
               Shovelnose Sturgeon (Scaphirhynchus platorynchus)
               Southern Brook Lamprey (Ichtyomyzon gagei)
               Spotfin Shiner (Cyprinella spiloptera)
               Stonecat (Noturus flavus)
               Taillight Shiner (Notropis maculatus)
               Wichita Mountains Spotted Bass (Micropterus punctulatus wichitae)

          6.  Invertebrates

               Bowman's Cave Amphipod (Stygobromus bowmani
               Oklahoma Cave Amphipod (Allocrangonyx pellucidus
               Prairie Mole Cricket (Gryllotalpa major
               Regal Fritillary Butterfly (Speyeria idalia
               Spectacle-case Mussel (Quadrula cylindrica)
               Western Fanshell Mussel (Cyprogenia aberti

       C.  Federal Candidate Species under consideration for listing/Not a State Species of Special Concern

           1.  Birds

               Lesser Prairie Chicken (Tympanuchus pallidicinctus)

All information obtained directly from the Oklahoma Department of Wildlife website ( and it was determined none of the listed species exist and/or inhabit any area of the property according to the Oklahoma Natural Heritage Inventory (OHNI) data. Below is the correspondence letter to Brian Beauchamp of United States Forestry and Wildlife Consulting, LLC indicating that fact.

Letter from OHNI:

Oklahoma Biological Survey Telephone (405) 325-1985 111 E. Chesapeake Street FAX (405) 325-7702

University of Oklahoma

Norman, Oklahoma 73019

Caryn C. Vaughn, Director

Brian Beauchamp

U.S. Forestry & Wildlife Consulting, LLC

201 E. Central

Miami, Oklahoma. 74354
OBS Ref: 2009-045-BUS-BEA

Re: T06N, R17E
Dear Mr. Beauchamp,

Regarding your request for information on the presence of endangered species or other elements of biological significance at the referenced site, we have reviewed the information currently in the Oklahoma Natural Heritage Inventory database and have found no records of elements of concern at or near the locations you describe. Because the ONHI database is only as complete as the information that has been collected, we cannot say with certainty whether or not a given site harbors rare species or ecological communities. For this reason, if you are concerned about species of federal interest, we urge you to consult with the Tulsa office of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (918.581.7458), as they may have additional information of which we are unaware. The information we provide to you is a product of a cooperative agreement between the Oklahoma Biological Survey (OBS) and the Oklahoma Department of Wildlife Conservation (ODWC). For more information about the likely environmental impacts of your project on state endangered species, please contact William Ray at ODWC (405-424-6062). You may also find our web site helpful for expediting your information request. See

Joseph E. Collins

(for) Ian Butler

Biological Data Coordinator
Survey Programs:

Bebb Herbarium • Oklahoma Fishery Research Laboratory • Oklahoma Natural Heritage Inventory

Sutton Avian Research Center • Natural Areas Registry


Although the lack of evidence of inhabitance exists for any protected species, vigilance in maintaining observations that will detect and protect any possible inhabitants of concern should be maintained for the continued good of the resource and protection of biodiversity in Oklahoma and the United States as well as the rest of the planet. If any protected species are found to be inhabitants of the Buffalo Mountain, LLC property or nearby properties, protection protocols should be established to avoid creating adverse conditions for the species for all land management practices implemented upon the property.

Clean Water Act of 1972

The Federal Water Pollution Act, commonly known as the Clean Water Act, gives the Environmental Protection Agency the authority to implement pollution control programs. This act set water control standards, which regulated the discharge of point source pollutants ( Sections 301- 320 set standards and enforcements. Sections 401- 406 cover permits and licenses.

Archeological Resource Protection Act

Section 470 of Archeological Resource Protection Act of 1979; prohibit unauthorized excavation, removal, damage, alteration, or defacement of archaeological resources. “The purpose of this chapter is to secure, for the present and future benefit of the American people, the protection of archaeological resources and sites which are on public lands and Indian lands...” ( If any sites of potential archeological importance are located on the Buffalo Mountain, LLC property, advisement should be sought from the National Park Service regarding its protection and integrity and for which should be duly managed.

National Register of Historic Sites


The Historic Sites Act of 1935 (PL 74-292; 16 U.S.C. 461 et seq.) established a national policy to preserve for public use historic sites, buildings, and objects of national significance for the inspiration and benefit of the people of the United States. The Historic Sites Act establishes what is known as the National Historic Landmarks Program to encourage the preservation of nationally significant properties (taken directly from

Pittsburg County National Register of Historic Sites


Aldridge Hotel 200 E. Carl Albert Pkwy, McAlester. 1995-12-07
Blackburn's Station Site 9 mi. SE of Pittsburg, Pittsburg. 1973-03-07
Busby Office Building 113 E. Carl Albert Pkwy, McAlester. 1979-12-06
Busby Theatre Washington Ave. and 2nd St, McAlester Cty. 1979-12-06
Canadian Jail and Livery Stable Off OK 113, Canadian 1980-11-06
Choate Cabin 2nd and Walnut Sts., Indianola 1979-10-03
Cole Chapel School N of Hartshorne, Hartshorne 1988-09-08

WPA Public Bldgs., Recreational Facilities and Cemetery Improvements in Southeastern Oklahoma, 1935--1943 TR

Federal Building and US Courthouse Jct. of 3rd and Carl Albert Parkway, McAlester 2000-03-24
First Presbyterian Church 101 E. Washington Ave., McAlester 1979-12-11
Hokey's Drugstore Main and Washington Sts, Krebs 1979-12-06

L'Ouverture Gymnasium Jct. of S 14th St. and E Chickasaw Ave., McAlester 2006-05-26
Lee, Jeff, Park Bath House and Pool Third and Fillmore Sts., McAlester 1988-09-08

WPA Public Bldgs., Recreational Facilities and Cemetery Improvements in Southeastern Oklahoma, 1935--1943 TR 13

Mass Grave of the Mexican Miners Mount Calvary Cemetery, McAlester 1980-11-14
McAlester Armory Third and Polk Sts., McAlester 1988-09-08

WPA Public Bldgs., Recreational Facilities and Cemetery Improvements in Southeastern Oklahoma, 1935--1943 TR 15

McAlester DX 5th St. and Carl Albert Pkwy., McAlester 1980-08-29
McAlester House 14 E. Smith Ave., McAlester 1980-08-29
McAlester Scottish Rite Temple 2nd St. and Adams Ave., McAlester 1980-11-22
Mine Rescue Station Building 507-509 E. 3rd St., McAlester 1980-03-13
New State School S of Hartshorne near North Fork Elm Creek, Hartshorne 1988-09-08

WPA Public Bldgs., Recreational Facilities and Cemetery Improvements in Southeastern Oklahoma, 1935--1943 TR 20

OKLA Theater 18 E. Choctaw, McAlester 2003-06-05

Perryville SW of McAlester on U.S. 69, McAlester 1972-05-05
Pittsburg County Courthouse Washington Ave., McAlester 1984-08-23

County Courthouses of Oklahoma TR 23

Pittsburg School and Gymnasium Off OK 63, Pittsburg 1988-09-08

WPA Public Bldgs., Recreational Facilities and Cemetery Improvements in Southeastern Oklahoma, 1935--1943 TR 24

Southern Ice and Cold Storage Company 338 E. Choctaw Ave., Pittsburg 1979-10-11
St. Joseph's Catholic Church Off OK 31, Krebs 1980-11-12
Tipton Ridge School N of Blocker, Blocker 1988-09-08

WPA Public Bldgs., Recreational Facilities and Cemetery Improvements in Southeastern Oklahoma, 1935--1943 TR 27

Warden's House Penitentiary Blvd and West St., McAlester 2005-06-17

Latimer County National Register of Historic Sites


Ash Creek School Off Ash Creek Rd., Wilburton 1988-09-08

WPA Public Bldgs., Recreational Facilities and Cemetery Improvements in Southeastern Oklahoma, 1935--1943 TR

Bowers School Off US 270 on county road, Wilburton 1988-09-08

WPA Public Bldgs., Recreational Facilities and Cemetery Improvements in Southeastern Oklahoma, 1935--1943 TR

Cambria School NE of Hartshorne, Hartshorne 1988-09-08

WPA Public Bldgs., Recreational Facilities and Cemetery Improvements in Southeastern Oklahoma, 1935--1943 TR

Colony Park Pavilion Veterans Colony, Wilburton. 1988-09-08

WPA Public Bldgs., Recreational Facilities and Cemetery Improvements in Southeastern Oklahoma, 1935--1943 TR

Cupco Church S of Yanush off OK 2, Yanush. 1980-11-06

Degnan School NW of Wilburton off OK 2, Wilburton. 1988-09-08

WPA Public Bldgs., Recreational Facilities and Cemetery Improvements in Southeastern Oklahoma, 1935--1943 TR

Edwards Store 8 mi. NE of Red Oak, Red Oak. 1972-04-13

Great Western Coal & Coke Comp. Building 701 E. Main St., Wilburton. 1980-11-06

Latimer County Coal Mining TR 9

Great Western Coal and Coke Company Mine No. 3 Off U.S. 270, Wilburton. 1980-11-06

Latimer County Coal Mining TR 10

Holloway's Station About 5 mi. NE of Red Oak, Red Oak. 1972-04-13

Lake Wister Locality Address Restricted, Wister. 1975-08-19

McLaughlin Site Address Restricted, Red Oak. 1972-06-28

Mitchell Hall Eastern Oklahoma State College campus, Wilburton. 1980-11-06

Latimer County Coal Mining TR 14

Panola High School and Gymnasium Off US 270, on the southside of the railroad tracks, Panola. 1988-09-08

WPA Public Bldgs., Recreational Facilities and Cemetery Improvements in Southeastern Oklahoma, 1935--1943 TR 15

Pusley's Station 2 mi. SW of Higgins, Higgins. 1972-04-13
Riddle's Station Site About 3 mi. E of Wilburton, Wilburton. 1972-06-13
Robbers Cave State Park 7.3 mi. N of jct. of OK 2 and OK 270, Wilburton. 2002-08-23
Rosenstein Building 111 E. Main St., Wilburton. 1980-06-27
Sacred Heart Catholic Church and Rectory 102 Center Point Rd., Wilburton. 1980-11-06

Latimer County Coal Mining TR

National registry search performed on the search engine website of the National Park Service ( ). Although it is highly unlikely that any management practices will adversely affect any of the historic sites in the area, they should always be taken into account when implementing a given practice and protected.
Rivers and Harbor Act of 1899

Section 10 of the Rivers and Harbor Act (33 U.S.C 403) prohibits constructing on, altering, excavating, and filling of navigable waters in the U.S. without permit. Lake Eufaula is in the Tulsa district of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) jurisdiction of navigable waters and they may be contacted for necessary permits.

USACE Individual Permit Review Process

Projects that exceed the limits and thresholds of NWP’s generally require an Individual Permit. The review of applications for Individual Permits is more intense and therefore requires additional detail on the proposed projects design, scope, and construction method.
Public Notice. Individual applications are evaluated through a series of steps beginning with the release of a public notice. This notice is issued within 15-days after a complete application is received.
Applicant Participation. Applicants are provided an opportunity to respond to comments received as a result of the public notice. In some cases, the applicant’s response on the issues raised during this process is a necessary element in the district engineer’s review of an application.
State and Local Requirements. In most cases, a state water quality certification for discharges is required. A state denial of water quality certification will, by Federal regulation, result in the denial of a Corps permit. In some cases, the applicant may be allowed to reactivate the Corps application if the water quality certification is granted in the future.
Alternatives and Impact Mitigation. The Individual Permit review process will sometimes reveal an alternative project design that creates less impact to the aquatic environment. This determination may require a change to the projects design, scope, or construction method. However, if the original request is determined to be the least environmentally damaging practicable alternative, any impacts to the aquatic environment, which cannot be avoided or minimized, will require compensatory mitigation.
Permit Decision. Following completion of the public interest review, the district engineer will make the decision to issue or deny a permit to the applicant. This decision will be documented with a statement of findings, an environmental assessment, and where Section 404 is involved, with a Section 404(b)(1) guidelines (PDF) assessment.
Permit Issuance. Permits are considered to have been issued once the authorized Corps official signs them. Permit fees of $100 (commercial) or $10 (non-commercial) are now required for issued permits.
Processing Time. Most individual permits are evaluated within 60 to 90-days receipt of a complete application.

Alternate Forms of Permits

A Letter of Permission may be used when the work is considered minor, does not have significant individual or cumulative impacts on environmental values, and should encounter no appreciable opposition. In such situations, the project is coordinated, generally by telephone, with appropriate Federal and state resource agencies.
Another form of alternate authorization is the General Permit. General Permits are used to authorize a specific activity. The activity or activities covered by general permits are substantially similar in nature and cause only minimal individual and cumulative environmental impacts. Another purpose for the use of a general permit is to avoid unnecessary duplication of the regulatory control exercised by another Federal agency. In many cases, activities covered by this authorization may proceed without further review by the Corps.
For more information, the USACE may be contacted via e-mail at Permit applications may be sent to the following address:
U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Tulsa District
Regulatory Office - CESWT-RO
1645 South 101st East Ave.
Tulsa, OK  74128
The Oklahoma Water Resources Board (OWRB) is also available for advisement on water resource issues and protection. Contact information may be found at

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