Chapter 13: The Early Renaissance Key Works




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CHAPTER 13: The Early Renaissance

Key Works
Bernardo Rossellino, tomb of Leonardo Bruni, Santa Croce, Florence, 1444

Filippo Brunelleschi, Sacrifice of Isaac, competition panel for the east doors of the Florence Baptistry, 1401–1402

Lorenzo Ghiberti, Sacrifice of Isaac, competition panel for the east doors of the Florence Baptistry, 1401–1402

Thorn Puller (Spinario), Palazzo dei Conservatori, Rome, c. 1st century B.C.

Exterior of Florence Cathedral, begun late 13th century

Filippo Brunelleschi, Hospital of the Innocents, Piazza di Santissima Annunziata, Florence, begun 1419

Filippo Brunelleschi, interior of Santo Spirito, Florence, planned 1434

Lorenzo Ghiberti, Meeting of Solomon and Sheba, detail of the east door of the Baptistery (showing perspective lines), 1450–1452

Lorenzo Ghiberti, Self-Portrait, from the east door of the Florence Baptistery, 1424–1452

Lorenzo Ghiberti, Gates of Paradise, east door, Florence Baptistery, 1424–1452

Piero della Francesca, Flagellation, c. 1460

Leonardo da Vinci, perspective study for the background of the Adoration of the Magi, c. 1481

Paolo Uccello, perspective drawing of a chalice, c. 1430–1440

Andrea Mantegna, Dead Christ, c. 1500

Pisanello, medal of John VIII Palaeologus (obverse and reverse), 1438–1439

Masaccio, Holy Trinity, Santa Maria Novella, Florence, c. 1425

Masaccio, Holy Trinity, c. 1425, showing perspective lines

View of the Brancacci Chapel (after restoration), looking toward the altar, Santa Maria del Carmine, Florence, 15th century

Left side of the Brancacci Chapel, Santa Maria del Carmine, Florence (after restoration, 1989)

Masaccio, Expulsion from Eden, detail of the Brancacci Chapel, left pilaster

Medici Venus, 1st century A.D.

Masaccio, Saint Peter, detail of the Tribute Money from the left side of the Brancacci Chapel

Gentile da Fabriano, Adoration of the Magi, altarpiece, 1423

Donatello, Saint Mark, shown in its original Gothic niche on the outside wall of Or San Michele, Florence, with a teaching Christ above and the Evangelist’s lion symbol below, 1411–1415

Donatello, David, c. 1430–1440

Leon Battista Alberti, Rucellai Palace, Florence, c. 1446–1450

Leon Battista Alberti, exterior of the Tempio Malatestiano, Rimini, designed 1450

Matteo de’ Pasti, foundation medal of the Tempio Malatestiano, Rimini, 1450

Leon Battista Alberti, Sant’Andrea, Mantua, 1470–1493

Nave of Sant’Andrea, Mantua, 1470–1493

Andrea del Castagno, Youthful David, c. 1450

Andrea del Verrocchio, David, early 1470s

Andrea del Castagno, Famous Men and Women, Villa Carducci at Legnaia, 1450

Andrea del Castagno, Dante, detail of Famous Men and Women, Villa Carducci at Legnaia, 1450

Andrea del Castagno, Pippo Spano, detail of Famous Men and Women, Villa Carducci at Legnaia, 1450

Paolo Uccello, Sir John Hawkwood, Florence Cathedral, 1436

Andrea del Castagno, Niccolò da Tolentino, Florence Cathedral, 1455–1456

Paolo Uccello, Battle of San Romano, 1440s or 1450s

Donatello, Gattamelata (and detail), 1445–1450

Andrea del Verrochio, Colleone (and detail), c. 1481–1496

Piero della Francesca, Battista Sforza and Federico da Montefeltro, Duke of Urbino (after cleaning), after 1475

Piero della Francesca, Annunciation (after cleaning), c. 1450

Fra Angelico, Annunciation, c. 1440

Piero della Francesca, left wall of the Bacci Chapel, San Francesco, Arezzo, 1450s

Piero della Francesca, right wall of the Bacci Chapel, San Francesco, Arezzo, 1450s

Piero della Francesca, Dream of Constantine (after cleaning), Bacci Chapel, San Francesco, Arezzo, 1450s

Robert Campin (Master of Flémalle), Mérode Altarpiece (open), c. 1425–1430

Detail of the central panel of the Mérode Altarpiece

Filippo Lippi, Madonna and Child with Scenes from the Life of Saint Anne (Pitti Tondo), 1450

Filippo Lippi, Head of a Woman, study for Madonna and Child, c. 1449–1450

Andrea Mantegna, Camera Picta (also known as the Camera degli Sposi), Ducal Palace, Mantua, finished 1474

Andrea Mantegna, ceiling oculus of the Camera Picta, Ducal Palace, Mantua, finished 1474

Andrea Mantegna, Parnassus, c. 1497

Sandro Botticelli, Mars and Venus, c. 1475

Sandro Botticelli, Birth of Venus, c. 1480

Donatello, Mary Magdalen, c. 1455

Sandro Botticelli, Mystical Nativity, 1500 or 1501

Jan van Eyck, Ghent Altarpiece (open), completed 1432

Jan van Eyck, Ghent Altarpiece, detail showing the Cathedral of Saint Bavon

Jan van Eyck, Ghent Altarpiece, detail of God’s crown

Jan van Eyck, Ghent Altarpiece (closed)

Jan van Eyck, Man in a Red Turban (Self-Portrait?), 1433

Jan van Eyck, Arnolfini Portrait, 1434

Jan van Eyck, Arnolfini Portrait, detail of the convex mirror

Rogier van der Weyden, Descent from the Cross, c. 1435–1438

Rogier van der Weyden, Saint Luke Depicting the Virgin, c. 1435–1440

Hans Memling, Tomasso Portinari, c. 1470

Hans Memling, Maria Baroncelli Portinari, c. 1470

Hugo van der Goes, Portinari Altarpiece (open), c. 1470s

Domenico del Ghirlandaio, Adoration of the Shepherds, 1485



Maps, Diagrams, and Projections
Map of leading art centers in Renaissance Italy

Plan of Florence Cathedral (after W. Blaser)

Axonometric section of the dome of Florence Cathedral

Filippo Brunelleschi, plan of Santo Spirito, Florence (after R. Sturgis)

Reconstructed plan of the foreground and praetorium in Piero della Francesca’s Flagellation; drawing by Thomas Czarnowski

Masaccio, The Holy Trinity, c. 1425, showing perspective lines

Plan of Sant’Andrea, Mantua

Map of northern and central Europe in the Renaissance



Key Terms


aerial (or atmospheric) perspective

aisle


ambulatory

arcade


architrave

basilica


bay

bistre/bister

bust

caryatid


centering

chiaroscuro

choir

coffer, coffering



colonnade

column


contrapposto

convention

corbelling

Corinthian

cornice

Deësis


dome

drum


engaged (half-) column

entasis


Eucharist

façade


flutes, fluting

foreground

frieze

gilding


Gospel

grisaille

guild

isocephaly, isocephalic



lantern

Latin cross

patron

pedestal


pediment

pilaster


polyptych

proportion

putto, putti

quatrefoil

reverse

rib


sarcophagus

sibyl


stained glass

symmetry


tempera

thrust


tondo

transept


trefoil

triptych


type

vanishing point




Window on the World

Perspective in Asian Painting
Key Works

Wu Wei, Pleasures of Fishing, c. 1490



Kuyuk the Great Khan, from a Ta’rikh-i Jahan-gusha of ‘Ata Malik ibn Muhammed Juvayni, Timurid, Shiraz, 1438

Videos
Art of Asia: India, Southeast Asia, China, Korea and Japan

66 min., Clearvue


Art of the Western World

Volume 2: The Early Renaissance

55 min., VM
The Beginning: The Emergence of the Renaissance

60 min., FFHS


Beaune, Rogier van der Weyden

14 min., TRC


Botticelli

45 min., MFA


Botticelli’s Calumny of Apelles

12 min., TRC


Botticelli’s Venus in the Uffizi

30 min., Applause Productions


La Primavera (Botticelli)

50 min., Cambridge Educational


Civilisation: “Romance and Reality” and “Man―The Measure of All Things”

94 min., VM


Donatello: The First Modern Sculptor

60 min., MFA, HVC, Facets


Early Italian Renaissance: Brunelleschi – Donatello – Masaccio

27 min., VM


Exploring the Renaissance (1350–1650)

20 min., UL


15th Century: Renaissance in Full Bloom

59 min., Facet


The Flagellation of Christ by Piero della Francesca

30 min., Britannica


Florence: Cradle of the Renaissance

30 min., PBS


Great Masters Series: Botticelli

52 min., NDM


History Through Art: The Renaissance

33 min., Clearvue


Masaccio: A View of Mankind

40 min., MFA


Portrait of an Artist: Donatello

60 min., Clearvue


Paolo Uccello: Capturing War

31 min., FFHS


Persian Miniatures: The Garden of Paradise

30 min., FFHS


Jan van Eyck

28 min., FFHS


Madonna with Chancellor Rolin, by Jan Van Eyck, 1446

30 min., Britannica


Piero della Francesco: Painter of the Silence

45 min., MFA


Riddle of the Dome: Florence Cathedral and Filippo Brunelleschi

29 min., FFHS


The Trecento: Italian Art & Architecture in the Fourteenth Century

26 min., Crystal Productions / MFA



CD-ROMs
History Through Art: The Renaissance

Mac/Windows, Clearvue


The Renaissance

Mac/Windows, Clearvue





IM – 13 |


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