Chandanasava Chavikasava




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  1. Chandanasava

  2. Chavikasava

  3. Dasamoolarishta

  4. Datriarishta

  5. Devadarvarishta

  6. Draksharishta

  7. Duralabarishta

  8. Duralabasava

  9. Elatharishta

  10. Jeerakadhyarishta

1. Chandanasava

Ref. Bhaishajya Ratnavali

Each of 48 gm of Santalum album L., Plectranthus vettiveroides (Jacob) Singh &Sharma, Cyperus rotundus L., Albizia lebbeck (L.) Benth, Nymphaea stellata Willd., Callicarpa macrophylla Vahl., Prunus cerasoides D. Don, Aponogeton natans Engl.& Krause, Rubia cordifolia L., Pterocarpus marsupium Roxb., Sida cordifolia L., Hedyotis corymbosa (L.) Lam., Andrographis paniculata (Burm. F.) Wall. ex Ness, Ficus benghalensis L., Ficus religiosa L., Glycyrrhiza glabra L., Alpinia galanga L.Sw, Trichosanthes lobata Roxb., Bauhinia acuminata L., Mangifera indica L., Bombax ceiba L. are powdered and 768 gm of Woodfordia fruticosa (L.)Kurz., 960 gm of Vitis vinifera L., 4.800 kg of sugar are dissolved in 15 litres of water and kept for fermentation.

The prescribed quantity is 15 – 30 ml.



Biomedical properties

This asava is suggested for burning micturition, cystitis, appetizer, carminative, refrigerant and diuretic and useful for treating such condition as arthritis, gonorrhoea and gastric distress and also for diuretic and urinary antiseptic, spermatorrhoea.



2. Chavikasava

Ref. Kadhanikragam



Piper nigrum L. (2.400 kg), 1.200 kg of Plumbago zeylanica L., each of 480 gm of Nigella sativa L., Inula racemosa Hook. F., Acorus calamus L., Sphaeranthus indicus L., Curcuma zedoaria (Christm.) Roscoe, Zingiber officinale Roscoe, Piper nigrum L., Piper longum L. Trachyspermum ammi (L.) Sprague, Wrightia tinctoria (Roxb.) R.Br., Citrullus colocynthis (L.) Schrad., Coriandrum sativum L., Alpinia galanga L.Sw, Merremia turpethum Rendle, Embelia ribes Burm.f., Cyperus rotundus L., 240 gm of Rubia cordifolia L., Cedrus deodara (Roxb. ex D.Don) G.Don, Piper nigrum L., Piper longum L., Zingiber officinale Roscoe are powdered and made into decoction using 122.400 litres of water one eighth of decoction and then add 9.600 kg of jaggery, 960 gm inflorescence of Woodfordia fruticosa (L.)Kurz., 384 gm of Elettaria cardamomum (L.)Maton, bark of Cinnamomum verum Presl, flower of Cinnamomum verum Presl, Mesua nagassarium (Burm. F.) Kosterm, 48 gm of Syzygium aromaticum (L.) Merr. & L.M.Perry, Piper nigrum L., Piper longum L., Zingiber officinale Roscoe and Piper cubeba L.f. and kept for fermentation.

The prescribed amount is 15 – 60 ml


Biomedical properties

This asava is used to cure dyspepsia, diabetes, cold, ascitis, anaemia and nasal catarrh, gulma and cough.


3. Dasamoolarishta

Ref. Sarngadhra Samhita, Bhaishajya Ratnavali and Kadhanikragam



Dasamoolam (2.400 kg) of [ Aegle marmelos (L.) Correa, Premna obtusifolia R.Br. Albizia lebbeck (L.) Benth, Gmelina asiatica L. , Stereospermum colais (Buch.-Ham.ex Dillwyn) Mabb., Solanum virginianum L., Solanum anguivi Lam., Pseudarthria viscida Wight & Arn., Desmodium gangeticum (L.) DC., Tribulus terrestris L.], 1.200 kg of Plumbago zeylanica L., 1.200 kg of Inula racemosa Hook. F., 960 gm of Aponogeton natans Engl.& Krause, 960 gm of Tinospora cordifolia (Willd.) Hook. f & Thomson, 768 gm of Emblica offcinalis Gaertn., 576 gm of Tragia plukenetii Radcl. Sm., 384 gm of Acacia catechu (L.f.) Willd., Allium sativum L., Terminalia chebula Retz., 96 gm of Inula racemosa Hook. F., Rubia cordifolia L., Cedrus deodara (Roxb. ex D.Don) G.Don, Embelia ribes Burm.f., Glycyrrhiza glabra L., Clerodendrum serratum (L.) Moon, Limonia acidissima L. , Terminalia bellirica (Gaertn.) Roxb., Boerhavia diffusa L., Piper nigrum L., Nardostachys grandiflora DC., Callicarpa macrophylla Vahl., Hemidesmus indicus R.Br., Nigella sativa L., Ipomoea turpethum (L.) R. Br., Piper attenuatum Buch..Ham.ex Wall., Alpinia galanga L.Sw, Piper longum L., Areca catechu L., Curcuma zedoaria (Christm.) Roscoe, Curcuma longa L., Anethum graveolens L., Prunus cerasoides D. Don, Mesua nagassarium (Burm. F.) Kosterm, Cyperus rotundus L., Wrightia tinctoria (Roxb.) R.Br., Pistacia chinensis Bunge, Malaxis acuminata D.Don, Malaxis muscifera (Lindl.)Kuntze, Polygonatum cirrhifolium Royle, Polygonatum verticillatum All., Fritillaria roylei Hook., Lilium polyphyllum D.Don. (or) Withania somnifera (L.) Dunal, Habenaria edgeworthii Hook. F. ex Collett (or) Curculigo orchioides Gaertn., Habenaria intermedia D.Don, are made into decoction in 502. 800 litres of water and concentrated into one fourth of decoction. 2.880 kg of Vitis vinifera L., is decoctioned using 7.200 litres of water and mixed with the previous decoction.

Honey (1.535 kg), 19.200 kg of jaggery, 1.440 kg of Woodfordia fruticosa (L.)Kurz., 96 gm of Piper cubeba L.f., Plectranthus vettiveroides (Jacob) Singh &Sharma, Santalum album L., Myristica fragrans Houtt., Syzygium aromaticum (L.) Merr. & L.M.Perry, Cinnamomum verum Presl, Elettaria cardamomum (L.)Maton, Cinnamomum tamala (Buch.-Ham) Nees & Eberm., Mesua nagassarium (Burm. F.) Kosterm and Piper longum L. are used as presheba suranam and mixed with the decoction and kept for fermentation. After filtration 6 gm of Abelmoschus moschatus Medicus is added.



Note

In Kadhanikragam this arishta is noted as dasamoolasava. Some difference is noted in the preparation. Tragia plukenetii Radcl. Sm. Quantity is only 600 gm (not 576 gm). Nigella sativa L., Piper longum L., Areca catechu L., Curcuma zedoaria (Christm.) Roscoe and Prunus cerasoides D. Don are not involved in the decoction. In presheba susranam, Myristica fragrans Houtt. amount is 104 gm.

The prescribed amount is 15 – 30 ml

Biomedical properties

This arishta is recommended as a general tonic and restorative for women. This is a rich nerve tonic formula with strong stimulant action. Dasamoola has an ability to act on a wide range of health problems. Those caused by both vata and kapha among the claims made by the Sarngadhara Samhita is that dasamoolarishta nourishes the lean, stimulates the ojas and gives progeny to the childless. It is an excellent tonic for convalescence and general debility restoring health and vitality; it is recommended for cardiac disorders, respiratory diseases, asthma, breathing troubles, cough, pneumonia, gastric irritation and anemia. Bitter tonic alterative and stimulant, useful in cough, menonervous disease, consumption, anaemia, jaundice, and piles and as a parental tonic.


4. Datriarishta

Ref. Saraka samhita

Well matured fruits (2000 numbers) of Emblica offcinalis Gaertn. is collected and the juice is extracted then add, half part honey and 96 gm of Piper longum L.and 2.400 kg of sugar and then allowed for fermentation.

The prescribed amount is 15 ml after meals.



Biomedical properties

This arishta is used as an appetizer and for digestive, carminative, haematinie and mildly laxative, used in anaemia, jaundice, diabetes hiccup and also in intermittent fevers.



5. Devadarvarishta

Ref. Sarngadhra Samhita, Bhaishajya Ratnavalii and Kadhanikragam.

In Kadhanikragam this arishta is noted as Devadarvarishta.

Cedrus deodara (Roxb. ex D.Don) G.Don (2.400 kg), 960 gm of Justicia beddomei (C.B.Clarke) Bennet, 480 gm of Plumbago zeylanica L., Rubia cordifolia L., Wrightia tinctoria (Roxb.) R.Br., Merremia turpethum Rendle, Valeriana wallichii DC., Curcuma longa L., Coscinium fenestratum Colebr., Alpinia galanga L.Sw, Embelia ribes Burm.f., Cyperus rotundus L.,Albizia lebbeck (L.) Benth, Acacia catechu (L.f.) Willd., Terminalia arjuna Wight & Arn, 384 gm of Trachyspermum ammi (L.) Sprague, Wrightia tinctoria (Roxb.) R.Br., Santalum album L., Tinospora cordifolia (Willd.) Hook. f & Thomson, Picrorhiza scrophulariiflora Pennell, Plumbago zeylanica L.are powdered and made into decoction using 61.200 litres of water and concentrated into one half of decoction. Then, add 768 gm of Woodfordia fruticosa (L.)Kurz., 14.400 kg of honey, 96 gm of Piper longum L., Piper nigrum L., Zingiber officinale Roscoe, 48 gm of Elettaria cardamomum (L.)Maton, bark of Cinnamomum verum Presl, flowers of Cinnamomum verum Presl, Mesua nagassarium (Burm. F.) Kosterm, 192 gm of Callicarpa macrophylla Vahl. and 96 gm of Mesua nagassarium (Burm. F.) Kosterm and kept for fermentation.

The prescribed amount is 15 – 30 ml.



Biomedical properties

This arishta is good for diabetes, rheumatic complaints, grahani, piles, stangury, skin diseases, etc.


6. Draksharishta – 1

Ref. Sarngadhra Samhita, Bhaishajya Ratnavali, Kadhanikragam and Yogaratnagaram

Dry fruits of Vitis vinifera L. (2.400 kg) is made as decoction using 30 litres of water and cocentrated into one fourth of decoction. 9.600 kg of jaggery, 48 gm of Cinnamomum verum Presl, Elettaria cardamomum (L.)Maton, Cinnamomum tamala (Buch.-Ham) Nees & Eberm., Mesua nagassarium (Burm. F.) Kosterm, Callicarpa macrophylla Vahl., Piper longum L., Piper nigrum L., Embelia ribes Burm.f., are powdered and mixed with the 240 gm of Woodfordia fruticosa (L.)Kurz. and kept for fermentation.

The prescribed amount is 15 – 30 ml


Biomedical properties

This arishta is recommended for constipation, indigestion and to improve concentration and as blood toner.



Draksharishta – 2

Ref. Sarngadhra Samhita, Kadhanikragam and Yogaratnagaram. This type of draksharishta is called as Mridvigasava.

Dry fruits of Vitis vinifera L. (4.800 kg) is made into decoction using 61.200 litres of water and concentrated into one fourth of decoction. Then, add 4800 gm of Sugar, 4800 gm of honey, 768 gm of Woodfordia fruticosa (L.)Kurz., each of 48 gm of Piper cubeba L.f., Syzygium aromaticum (L.) Merr. & L.M.Perry, Myristica fragrans Houtt., Piper nigrum L., bark of Cinnamomum verum Presl, flowers of Cinnamomum verum Presl, Elettaria cardamomum (L.)Maton, Mesua nagassarium (Burm. F.) Kosterm, Piper longum L., Plumbago zeylanica L., Piper nigrum L., Piper longum L., Piper attenuatum Buch..Ham.ex Wall. are mixed with them and allowed for fermentation. After fermentation 12 gm of Cinnamomum camphora (L.) Presl is mixed with the arishta.

The prescribed amount is 15 – 30 ml



Biomedical properties

This method of preparation is used for grahani, piles, constipation, gulma, worms, eye, head and throat related diseases.



Draksharishta – 3

Ref. Kadhanikragam

Dry fruits of Vitis vinifera L. (4.800 kg) is decoctioned using 30.600 litres of water and concentrated into one fourth of decoction. Then add 4.800 kg of sugar, 4.800 kg of honey, each of 24 gm of Woodfordia fruticosa (L.)Kurz., Syzygium aromaticum (L.) Merr. & L.M.Perry, Myristica fragrans Houtt., Piper cubeba L.f., Santalum album L., Piper longum L., Elettaria cardamomum (L.)Maton, bark of Cinnamomum verum Presl, flowers of Cinnamomum verum Presl in the the form of powder and kept for fermentation.

The prescribed amount is 15 – 30 ml



Draksharishta – 4

Ref. Asavarishta sangraham

Sugar (4.800 kg), 2.400 kg of honey, 384 gm of Woodfordia fruticosa (L.)Kurz., each of 48 gm of Piper longum L., Piper nigrum L., Zingiber officinale Roscoe, Terminalia chebula Retz., Terminalia bellirica (Gaertn.) Roxb., Emblica offcinalis Gaertn., Terminalia chebula Retz. Flower, Myristica fragrans Houtt., Elettaria cardamomum (L.)Maton, Cinnamomum verum Presl skin, Cinnamomum verum Presl flower, Glycyrrhiza glabra L., Santalum album L., Abies spectabilis (D.Don) G.Don, Syzygium aromaticum (L.) Merr. & L.M.Perry and 12 gm seeds of Solanum anguivi Lam are added in the form of powder in 7.800 litres juice of Vitis vinifera L. and kept for fermentation.

The prescribed amount is 15 – 30 ml.



Draksharishta – 5

Ref. Yoga sinthamani

Dry fruits of Vitis vinifera L. (4.800 kg), 19.200 kg of sugar, 9.600 kg of Ziziphus mauritiana Lam., 4.800 kg of Woodfordia fruticosa (L.)Kurz., 480 gm of Areca catechu L., Syzygium aromaticum (L.) Merr. & L.M.Perry, Myristica fragrans Houtt. Flower, Myristica fragrans Houtt. Fruit, Cinnamomum verum Presl skin, Elettaria cardamomum (L.)Maton, Cinnamomum verum Presl flower, Mesua nagassarium (Burm. F.) Kosterm, Piper longum L., Piper nigrum L., Zingiber officinale Roscoe, Pistacia lentiscus L., Anacyclus pyrethrum DC. And Inula racemosa Hook. F.are powdered and dissolved in the four times of water and kept for fermentation. The final product is recovered through distillation. To improve the smell and properties, Crocus sativus L. and Abelmoschus moschatus Medicus are placed in the distillation container. Then the distillate is undisturbed for 3-4 days and then consumed properly.

Note

When the green grapes are used in the preparation, the quantity has to be double.


7. Duralabarishta

Ref. Astanga hrdayam



Tragia plukenetii Radcl. Sm. (4.800 kg), 96 gm of Merremia turpethum Rendle, Sida cordifolia L., Plumbago zeylanica L., Premna obtusifolia R.Br., Justicia beddomei (C.B.Clarke) Bennet, Emblica offcinalis Gaertn., Zingiber officinale Roscoe are made into decoction using 15 litres of water and concentrated into one fourth of decoction. Then, 4.800 kg of sugar, 768 gm of Woodfordia fruticosa (L.)Kurz., are added and left for fermentation. The fermenting pot is coated with Callicarpa macrophylla Vahl., Piper longum L., Piper nigrum L. by powdering with honey.

The prescribed amount is 15 – 30 ml



Biomedical properties

This arishta is good for piles, constipation, anaemia, leprosy, fever, worms and indigestion.


8. Duralabasava

Ref. Saraka samhita



Tragia plukenetii Radcl. Sm. (1.536 kg), 768 gm of Emblica offcinalis Gaertn., 48 gm of Plumbago zeylanica L., 48 gm of Merremia turpethum Rendle, 4800 gm of Terminalia sp. are powdered and made into decoction using 30.600 litres of water and concentrated into one fourth of decoction. Then, 9.600 kg of jaggery is dissolved and add 192 gm of honey, Callicarpa macrophylla Vahl., Embelia ribes Burm.f., and Piper longum L.and kept for fermentation.

The prescribed amount is 15 – 30 ml.



Biomedical properties

This asava is useful to cure grahani, anaemia, piles, boils, diabetes and leprosy.


9. Elatharishta

Ref. Bhaishajya Ratnavali

Fruits of Elettaria cardamomum (L.)Maton (2.400 kg), 960 gm of Justicia beddomei (C.B.Clarke) Bennet, each of 480 gm of Rubia cordifolia L., Wrightia tinctoria (Roxb.) R.Br., Merremia turpethum Rendle, Tinospora cordifolia (Willd.) Hook. f & Thomson, Curcuma longa L., Coscinium fenestratum Colebr., Alpinia galanga L.Sw, Vetiveria zizanioides (L.) Nash, Glycyrrhiza glabra L., Albizia lebbeck (L.) Benth, Acacia catechu (L.f.) Willd., Terminalia arjuna Wight & Arn, Andrographis paniculata (Burm. F.) Wall. ex Ness, Azadirachta indica A. Juss., Plumbago zeylanica L., Inula racemosa Hook. F., Foeniculum vulgare Mill.are made into decocotion in 122.400 litres of water and concentrated into 12.750 litres od decoction. 768 gm of Woodfordia fruticosa Kurz., 14.400 kg of honey and each of 48 gm of Elettaria cardamomum (L.)Maton, Cinnamomum verum Presl flower, Cinnamomum verum Presl skin, Mesua nagassarium (Burm. F.) Kosterm, Zingiber officinale Roscoe, Piper nigrum L., Piper longum L., Santalum album L., Pterocarpus marsupium Roxb., Nardostachys grandiflora DC., Sansevieria roxburghiana Schult.f., Cyperus rotundus L., Gracilaria lichenoides (L.) Harv., Hemidesmus indicus R.Br. and Decalepis hamiltonii Wight & Arn.are also added in decocotion and kept for fermentation.

The prescribed amount is 15 – 30 ml.



Biomedical properties

This arishta is recommended for blisters, small pox, asthma, fistula, sexually related diseases papuleus, deep wounds and skin related diseases.


10. Jeerakadhyarishta

Ref. Bhaishajya Ratnavali



Cuminum cyminum L. (9.600 kg) is made into decoction using 61.200 litres of water and concentrated into 15.300 litres of decoction and then add 14 kg of jaggery, 768 gm of Woodfordia fruticosa (L.)Kurz., 96 gm of Zingiber officinale Roscoe, each of 48 gm of Myristica fragrans Houtt., Cyperus rotundus L., Elettaria cardamomum (L.)Maton, Cinnamomum verum Presl skin, Cinnamomum verum Presl flower, Mesua nagassarium (Burm. F.) Kosterm, Trachyspermum ammi (L.) Sprague, Piper cubeba L.f. and Syzygium aromaticum (L.) Merr. & L.M.Perry and kept for fermentation.

The prescribed amount is 15 – 30 ml.



Biomedical properties

This arishta is used for all puerperal diseases, asthma, consumption, loss of voice, hiccough and sprains and all vata troubles.


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