Blank table Selected nongame birds that can be featured with habitat management on private lands in the southeastern United States




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Table 1. Selected nongame birds that can be featured with habitat management on private lands in the southeastern United States

Species Associations

Habitat Type/Requirements

Recommended Management


Henslow sparrow

Bachmann’s sparrow

Brown-headed nuthatch


Longleaf pine – grass ecotype

Mature pine forests (<70 BA), Wet pine savannahs with herbaceous ground cover and limited midstory


Use prescribed fire in pine stands and wetland savannahs.

Restoration of longleaf pine and growing season burns in selected areas

Selective harvest mature pine to 50 - 65 BA

Prairie warbler

Yellow-breasted chat

Orchard oriole

Rufous-sided towhee

Field sparrow

Indigo bunting

Catbird

Hooded warbler

Northern cardinal

Shrub-sapling habitat

Midstory (shrubs/saplings) in forests

Shrub/vine dominated ecotones and forests

Reduce mowing under forests

Small group selection, shelterwood and seed tree cuts

Retention of shrub communities along field and road edges

Pine warbler

Carolina chickadee

Eastern wood peewee

Red-headed woodpecker

Northern parula

Tufted titmouse

Red-bellied woodpecker

Wood thrush

Hooded warbler

White-eyed vireo

Red-eyed vireo

Pine, pine-hardwood, hardwood forests with living cavity trees and snags

3-5 year prescribed burns in pines

Retention of snags and cavity trees

Uneven age forest management with older classes being retained (>70 years for hardwoods)

Wood thrush

Acadian flycatcher

Great-crested flycatcher

Pileated woodpecker

Yellow-billed cuckoo

Hooded warbler

Prothonotary warbler

Swainson’s warbler

Blue-gray gnatcatcher

Red-eyed vireo

Barred, screech owls

Great-horned owl

Herons/Egrets, gallinules

Belted kingfisher

Yellow-throated vireo

Yellow-throated warbler



Mature bottomland hardwoods and riparian hardwoods with midstory and switch can thickets, wetlands with cavity trees, snags and shrub cover

Bottomland hardwoods

Beaver and floodplain wetlands

Limit forest fragmentation

Allow forests to mature (>70 years)

Harvest through single tree selection

Retain switch cane thickets, cavity trees and snags

Retain soft mast producing shrubs and vines

Maintain forest SMZ’s of >100 foot widths on each side of streams

Protect wetland vegetation

Allow cypress, gum, oaks to reach >70 years of age


Species Associations

Habitat Type/Requirements

Recommended Management

Blue grosbeak

Fox sparrow

American goldfinch

Eastern bluebird

Loggerhead shrike

Eastern meadowlark

Northern cardinal

Northern mockingbird


Seasonally mown fields and roadsides

Maintained areas landscaped with native or horticultural soft mast-producing trees, shrubs and vines

Areas should have nesting cavities or nest boxes available

Native food and cover plants in unmown areas along roads or at forest edges

Limit mowing along selected roads, field edges, under forests, and in clear zones to develop shrub ecotones

Landscape with native and horticultural plants that provide food and cover

Retain cavity trees and snags

Maintain nest box program for shrikes and bluebirds

American kestrel

Chuck-will’s widow

Eastern bluebirds

Field sparrow

Loggerhead shrike

Dickcissel

Northern bobwhite quail

Mourning dove

Eastern meadowlark

Indigo bunting


Unmown old fields and roadside ecotones near forest edges

Shrub and vine ecotones along forest – opening interfaces

Maintain fields and roadsides in herbaceous plant cover

Retain snags and cavity trees

Retain pickweed, elderberry, blackberry and plum thickets



Table2. Selected birds that may be found on private lands in the Southeastern United States

Common Name

Scientific Name

Acadian flycatcher

Empidonax virescens

American crow

Corvus brachyrhynchos

American goldfinch

Carduelis tristis

American kestrel

Falco sparverius

American robin

Turdus migratorius

American swallow-tailed kite

Elanoides forficatus

American woodcock

Philohela minor

Bachman’s sparrow

Aimophila aestivalis

Barn swallow

Hirundo rustica

Barred owl

Strix varia

Belted kingfisher

Ceryle alcyon

Black vulture

Coraglypus atratus

Black-billed cuckoo

Coccyzus erythropthalmus

Blue grosbeak

Guiraca caerulea

Blue jay

Cyanocitta cristata

Blue-gray gnatcatcher

Polioptila caerulea

Brown-headed cowbird

Molothrus ater

Brown-headed nuthatch

Sitta pusilla

Brown thrasher

Toxostoma rufum

Carolina chickadee

Parus carolinensis

Carolina wren

Thyrothorus ludovicianus

Cedar waxwing

Bombycilla cedrorum

Chimney swift

Chaetura pelagica

Chipping sparrow

Spizella passerina

Chuck-will’s widow

Caprimulgus carolinensis

Common grackle

Quiscalus quiscula

Common nighthawk

Chordeiles minor

Common snipe

Gallinago gallinago

Common yellowthroat

Geothlypis trichas

Cooper’s hawk

Accipiter cooperii

Dark-eyed junco

Junco hymalis

Downy woodpecker

Picoides pubescens

Eastern bluebird

Sialia sialis

Eastern kingbird

Tyrannus tyrannus

Eastern meadowlark

Sternella magna

Eastern pewee

Contopus virens

Eastern phoebe

Sayornis phoebe

European starling

Sturnus vulgaris

Field sparrow

Spizella pusilla

Table 2. (continued)

Common Name

Scientific Name

Fish crow

Corvus ossifragus

Golden-crowned kinglet

Regulus satrapa

Grasshopper sparrow

Ammodramus savannarum

Gray catbird

Dumetella carolinensis

Green heron

Butorides striatus

Great blue heron

Ardea herodias

Great-crested flycatcher

Myiarchus crinitus

Great egret

Casmerodius albus

Hairy woodpecker

Picoides villosus

Henslow’s sparrow

Ammodramus henslowii

Hermit thrush

Catharus guttatus

Hooded warbler

Wilsonia citrina

House wren

Troglodytes aedon

Indigo bunting

Passerina cyanea

Kentucky warbler

Oporornis formosus

Killdeer

Charadrius vociferus

Leconte’s sparrow

Ammospiza leconteii

Little blue heron

Egretta caerulea

Loggerhead shrike

Lanius ludovicianus

Merlin

Falco columbarius

Mississippi kite

Elanoides mississippiensis

Mourning dove

Zenaida macroura

Northern bobwhite

Colinus virginianus

Northern cardinal

Cardinalis cardinalis

Northern flicker

Colaptes auratus

Northern harrier

Circus cyaneus

Northern mockingbird

Mimus polyglottus

Northern parula

Parula americana

Northern rough-winged swallow

Stelgydopterix serripennis

Orange-crowned warbler

Vermivoa celata

Orchard oriole

Icterius spurius

Palm warbler

Dendroica palmarum

Pileated woodpecker

Dryocopus pileatus

Pine warbler

Dendroica pinus

Prairie warbler

Dendroica discolor

Prothonotary warbler

Protonotaria citrea

Purple gallinule

Porphyrula martinica

Purple martin

Progne subis

Red-bellied woodpecker

Melanerpes carolina

Red-eyed vireo

Vireo olivaceus

Red-headed woodpecker

Melanerpes erythrocephalus

Red-shouldered hawk

Buteo lineatus

Red-tailed hawk

Buteo jamaicensis

Red-winged blackbird

Agelaius phoeniceus

Table 2. (continued)

Common Name

Scientific Name

Ruby-crowned kinglet

Regulus calendula

Ruby-throated hummingbird

Archilochus colubris

Rufous-sided towhee

Pipilo erythrophthalmus

Savannah sparrow

Passerculus sandwichensis

Sedge wren

Cistothorus platensis

Sharp-shinned hawk

Accipiter striatus

Solitary vireo

Vireo solitarius

Song sparrow

Melospiza melodia

Summer tanager

Piranga rubra

Swainson’s warbler

Limnothlypis swainsonii

Swamp sparrow

Melospiza georgiana

Tufted titmouse

Parus bicolor

Turkey vulture

Cathartes aura

White ibis

Eudocimus albus

White-eyed vireo

Vireo griseus

White-throated sparrow

Zonotrichia albicollis

Wild turkey

Meleagris gallopavo

Wood duck

Aix sponsa

Wood thrush

Hylocicla mustelina

Yellow-billed cuckoo

Coccyzus americanus

Yellow-breasted chat

Icteria virens

Yellow-rumped warbler

Dendroica coronata

Yellow-throated vireo

Vireo flavifrons

Yellow-throated warbler

Dendroica dominica




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