Bihar (India) 1807




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Bihar (India) 1807


Expenditure class

Percentage of population

Average monthly expenditure per capita (in rupees)

Income in terms of per capita mean

1

15.24

0.68

0.43

2

4.85

0.83

0.53

3

16.18

0.88

0.56

4

6.68

0.97

0.61

5

8.52

1.03

0.65

6

10.39

1.42

0.90

7

8.91

1.56

0.99

8

11.21

2.06

1.30

9

9.89

2.64

1.67

10

8.13

4.45

2.82

Total

100

1.58

1


Income distribution data: A household census survey was made by a British official (Hamilton) of Patna city and 16 rural districts in the region surrounding it, all of which we take to be representative of Bihar. He recorded family size and monthly family expenditures in rupees. The data are summarized by ten income groups, approximate deciles (Martin 1838).
Population and area: Population of 3,362,280 and area in km2 from Martin (1838).
Urbanization rate: We use the rate for India (Jean-François Bergier and Jon Mathieu 2002: Table 1, 9-12% for 1800, based on Bairoch 1985 and Chandler 1987).
Mean income in $PPP: 1820 GDP per capita in 1990 international dollars (Maddison 2001: 264).
REFERENCES
Bairoch, Paul (1985), De Jėricho à Mexico: villes et economies dans l’histoire, Paris: Arcades, Gallimard.

Chandler, Tertoius (1987), Four Thousand Years of Urban Growth, The Edwin Mellen Press.

Bergier, Jean-François and Jon Mathieu (2002), “The Mountains in Urban Development: Introduction,” paper presented at the IEHA XIII World Congress, Buenos Aires, July 22-26, 2002.

Maddison, Angus (2001), The World Economy: A Millennial Perspectives, Paris: OECD Development Centre.



Martin, Robert M. (1838), The history, antiquities, topography, and statistics of eastern India. Surveyed under the orders of the supreme government, and collated from the original documents at the E.I. house, London: W. H. Allen and Co.


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