B. Sc. (Zoology) Semester System Second Year (Third Semester and Fourth Semester) Effective from June 2010-2011 Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Marathwada University, Aurangabad




Yüklə 93.94 Kb.
tarix28.02.2016
ölçüsü93.94 Kb.

- -

Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Marathwada University, Aurangabad.




Syllabus
Of
B.Sc. (Zoology) Semester System
Second Year

(Third Semester and Fourth Semester)


Effective from June 2010-2011


Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Marathwada University, Aurangabad.
B.Sc. Zoology Pattern in Semester System

B. Sc. II Year Zoology


III

ZOL-301

Paper – IX

Vertebrate Zoology


50

ZOL-302

Paper – X

Genetics- II


50

ZOL-303

Paper – XI

Practical based upon Paper IX

50

ZOL-304

Paper – XII

Practical based upon Paper X

50

IV

ZOL-401

Paper – XIII

Animal Physiology

(Special Emphasis On animals)




50

ZOL-402

Paper – XIV

Biochemistry & Endocrinology


50

ZOL-403

Paper – XV

Practical based upon Paper XIII

50

ZOL-404

Paper – XVI

Practical based upon Paper XIV

50


B.Sc. III Semester
Course Code - ZOL- 301

PAPER IX
VERTEBRATE ZOOLOGY

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

  1. Agnatha: - Out line classification and general characters of cyclostomata. 02

  2. Pisces: - Out line classification and general characters. 08

  • Scoliodon: - External characters, Digestive system, Respiratory system, Blood Vascular System and Nervous System.

  1. Amphibia: - Out line classification and general characters. 06

  • Development of frog: - Fertilization Cleavage Blastula Gastulation and formation of germinal layers.

  • Neotony

  • Parental care in amphibia.

  1. Reptilia: - Out line classification and general characters. 06

  • Calotes:-External features, Respiratory system and Blood vascular system.

  • Poisonous and non- poisonous snakes.

  1. Aves: - Out line classification and general characters. 10

  • Columba livia: - External features, Respiratory system,

  • Embryology of chick.-Cleavage Blastula Gastulation and formation of germinal layers and extra embryonic membranes.

  • Flight adaptation in birds.

  • Migration in Birds.

  1. Mammalia: - Out line classification and general characters. 13

  • Ratus ratus: - External features, Blood Vascular System, Urino-genital System and Adaptive radiation in mammals.

  • Placentation in Mammals. Total Periods 45


B.Sc. III Semester
Course Code - ZOL- 302

PAPER X
G E N E T I C S – II

  1. Genes and its expression :- 08

    1. Definition, concept and function of gene.

    2. Transcription of gene: - Initiation, elongation and termination.

    3. Genetic code:- Concept of codon, properties of genetic code

    4. Translation of gene: - Initiation, elongation and termination.



  1. Population Genetics :- 05

2.1- Gene Pool., Gene Frequency.

2.2- Herdy-weinberg’s Law.

2.3- Application of Herdy-weinberg’s Law.
3) Human Genetics: - 12

3.1 Human chromosomes.

3.2 Sex linked inheritance- X and Y Linked.

3.3 Dizygotic and monozygotic twins.

3.4 Inborn errors in metabolism: - PKU, Albinism.

3.5 Genetic disorders: - Down’s syndrome, Turners’ syndrome Klinefelter’s syndrome.

3.6 Use of human genetics in medical science: - Disease diagnosis Gene therapy and DNA finger printing.
4) Microbial Genetics: - 05

4.1 Transformation.

4.2 Conjugation.

4.3 Transduction.


5) Genetic Engineering: - 10

5.1 Introduction: - Definition, Concept and significance.

5.2 Restriction enzymes: - Concept and types.

5.3 Cloning vectors: - Plasmid, cosmid, phase.

5.4 Construction of r-DNA.

5.5 Application of r-DNA technology. Total Periods 45



RECOMMENDED BOOKS

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
GENETICS-II


  • Genetics. By Verma, PS and Agarwal, VK., S. Chand and Co., New Delhi

  • Principles of Genetics. By. Sinnott, Dunn and Dobzhansky, Tata McGraw Hill, New Delhi India.

  • Genetics. By Gupta, PK., Rastogi Publications, Meerut

  • Genetics. By Sarin, C., Tata McGraw Hill, New Delhi.

  • Principles of Genetics. By Gardner, EJ, Simmons, MJ and Snustad, DP. John Wiley and sons

  • Genetics-Strikberger, Macmillan Pub.

  • Principles of Genetics- Tamarin, 7th Ed. Tata McGraw Hill.

  • Genetics-- Winchester. Oxford IBH Pub

  • Introductions genetic analysis – Griffith et.al.



PAPER X: VERTEBRATE ZOOLOGY


  • A life of Vertebrate – K.Z.Young, ELBS Oxford University Press.

  • Modern Text Book of Zoology Vertebrate – R.L.Kotpal, Rastogi Publication Meerut.

  • A Text Book of Chordate Zoology – R.C.Dalela –Jaiprakashnath Publication Meerut.

  • Chordate Zoology – E.L.Jordan and P.S.Verma, S.Chand and Company New De

  • Zoology- S. A. Miller and J. B. Harley, Tata McGraw Hill.

  • Biological Science, 3rd Ed. D. J. Taylor, N. P. O. Green and G. W. Stout,

Cambridge Univ. Press. Low priced Ed.

  • Verma &Agarwal- chordate Embryology – S.Chand publication.


B.Sc. III Semester
Course Code - ZOL- 303

PAPER XI
VERTEBRATE ZOOLOGY (Practical)

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------




  1. Museum study of vertebrates. (At least 20). 05

(Identification, classification, sketches, General characters and biological importance



  1. Dissection of Scoliodon / Labeo 03

  • Afferent and efferent,

  • Cranial Nerves.

  • Brain




  1. Dissection of Rat/ Frog ; 05

  • Urinogenital system,

  • Arterial system,

  • Venous System,

  • Brain of Rat.



4. Mounting of Placoid, Cycloid and Ctenoid scales of fish 01
5. Study of Embryological development of chick according to hours of incubation. 01
6. Visit to Zoological museum/Zoo Park is compulsory and Submission of report
7. Write a report on common birds/mammals in your locality, scientific names and economic importance.

Total Practical periods: - 15
B.Sc. III Semester
Course Code - ZOL- 304

PAPER XII
G E N E T I C S – II (Practical)

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------





  1. Preparation of paper model of DNA and study of DNA structure 01

  2. Study of protein synthesis with the help of charts/models. 02




  1. Estimation of DNA from animal tissue with the help of Diphenyl amine method. 02




  1. Study of preparation of Normal Karyotype of human. 01




  1. Karyotypic study of Down’s syndrome, Turner’s syndrome, Klinefelter’s syndrome with the help of photograph. 02




  1. Detection of Barr body from epithelial cell. 01




  1. Problems on sex linked inheritance 02



  1. Problems based on Hardy – Weinberg’s law 02




  1. Study of gene frequency and mutants of man ; 02

  • Attached and free ear lobe.

  • Colour of eye.

  • Rolling of tongue.

  • Blood group frequency.


Total Practical periods: - 15

Pattern of Question Paper

B.Sc. III Semester
Course Code - ZOL- 301

PAPER IX
VERTEBRATE ZOOLOGY


Time: 01:30 hours Max. Marks: 30

N.B. 1) Attempt all questions.

2) All question carry equal marks.

3) Illustrate your answer with suitable labeled diagram.

Q1. Long answer question. Based on chapter1, 2 & 3 OR OR

Long answer question. Based on chapter1, 2 & 3

Q2 Long answer question. Based on chapter 4 & 5 OR OR

Long answer question. Based on chapter 4 & 5

Q3

Long answer question. Based on chapter 6



OR OR

Long answer question. Based on chapter 6

Note: - wherever necessary sub-questions may be asked in a question

Pattern of Question Paper

B.Sc. III Semester
Course Code - ZOL- 302

PAPER X
G E N E T I C S - II

Time: 01:30 hours Max. Marks: 30

N.B. 1) Attempt all questions.

2) All question carry equal marks.

3) Illustrate your answer with suitable labeled diagram.

Q1. Long answer question. Based on chapter1&2 OR OR

Long answer question. Based onchapter1&2

Q2 Long answer question. Based on chapter 3 OR OR

Long answer question. Based on chapter3

Q3 Long answer question. Based on chapter 4&5 OR OR

Long answer question. Based on chapter 4&5



Note: - wherever necessary sub-questions may be asked in a question



B.Sc. IV Semester
Course Code - ZOL- 401

PAPER XIII
ANIMAL PHYSIOLOGY (Special Emphasis on Mammals)

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------




  1. Digestion :- 07

  • Brief Introduction to digestive system.

  • Buccal digestion - salivary secretion and digestion.

  • Gastric digestion - gastric secretion and digestion.

  • Intestinal digestion - Pancreatic secretion, bile juices and digestion in Small intestine, Digestion and absorption in large intestine.

  1. Respiration :- 09

  • Respiratory organs.

  • Breathing mechanism.

  • Respiratory pigments: - Properties and function of respiratory pigments.

  • External respiration.

  • Internal respiration.

  • Transport of gases.

  1. Circulation :- 05

  • Working of mammalian heart.

  • Blood and its composition.

  • Mechanism of blood clotting.

  1. Excretion :- 05

  • Structure of kidney.

  • Structure of uriniferous tubules.

  • Urine formation: - Ultra filtration selective, re-absorption and tubular secretion.

  • Counter current multiplier system.

  1. Nerve Physiology :- 06

  • Structure of nerve cells and neuron.

  • Neurotransmitters.

  • Synapses: - Ultra structure and function.

  1. Muscles Physiology :- 05

  • Ultra structure of smooth muscle, striated muscles, and cardiac muscles.

  • Muscle contraction.

  • Simple twitch and fatigue

  1. Reproduction :- 08

  • Structure of gonads, Gametogenesis.

  • Role of sex hormones in Reproduction.

  • Reproductive cycles – oestrous and menstrual cycle


Total Periods 45

B.Sc. IV Semester
Course Code - ZOL- 402

PAPER XIV
BIOCHEMISTRY AND ENDOCRINOLOGY

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
A-BIOCHEMISTRY

  1. Enzymes :- 05

  • Definition, concept and nomenclature,

  • Properties, classification,

  • Mechanism of enzyme action,

  • Factors affecting enzyme action (Temperature, pH, Substrates & Co-enzyme.)

  1. Carbohydrates :- 06

  • Definition Classification monosaccharide, disaccharides, oligosaccharides and polysaccharides.

  • Metabolism: - Glucogenesis, Gluconeogenesis, Glycolysis, TCA. & oxidative phosphoration.

  1. Proteins :- 06

  • Definition , classification -simple , conjugated and derived proteins,

  • Structure of proteins: - Primary, secondary, tertiary and quartery.

  • Metabolism: - Deamination and transamination.

4. Lipids: - 05

  • Definition, classification, simple, compound and derived lipids.

  • Metabolism: - β oxidation and cholesterol biosynthesis .

5. Vitamins: - Sources and deficiency 02
B- ENDOCRINOLOGY

6. Endocrine system of vertebrates: - 04



  • Introduction: - Definition of endocrine, Paracrine and Autocrine system.

  • Significance of endocrine and neuro - endocrine system.

7. Pituitary gland: - Morphology & histological structure, 05

Hormones and their function.

8. Thyroid gland: - Morphology & histological structure, 03

Hormones and their function.

9. Adrenal gland: - Morphology & histological structure, 05

Hormones and their function.

10. Pancreas: - Islets of langarhance- Histological structure 02

Hormones and their function.


Total Periods 45

  1. RECOMMENDED BOOKS

  2. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------



  3. ANIMAL PHYSILOGY



  • William S.Hoar- General and Comparative Physiology, prentice hall of India ltd.

  • Wood E.W. Principle of Animal physiology

  • Nagbhushnum R.,Sarojini R., Kodarkar M.S. –Animal Physiology

  • Verma ,Agarwal & Tyagi-animal physiology

  • Moeye K.-Animal Physiology, Cambridge low prize edition.

  • Dantzler, W.H. Comparative Physiology (Handbook of Physiology): Vol. 1, 2, (ed.) Oxford University Press, New York, USA

  • R. Eckert. Animal Physiology: Mechanisms and Adaptation. W.H.

  • Mohan Arora – animal physiology , Himalaya publication

  • A.K. Berry. –animal physiology


BIOCHEMISTRY AND ENDOCRINOLOGY



  • J.L. Jain –biochemistry S.Chand Publication, meerut

  • Lehninger- Biochemistry, Kalyani Publications

  • Stryer-Biochemistry, W.H Freeman and Co., New York

  • Granner and Rodwell - Harper’s Illustrated Biochemistry, Murray, (27th Ed.), McGraw Hill, New York, USA

  • Nelson and Cox - Principles of Biochemistry. Lehninger. 2nd Ed. CBS publishers.

  • J H Wet - General Biochemistry Wiley Eastern Ltd.

  • Rangnatha Rao K-Text Book of Biochemistry, Prentice-Hall of India

  • C.B.Powar- Biochemistry – (Himalaya Pub.)

  • Das.-Biochemistry

  • E.J.W. Barrington, General and Comparative Endocrinology,

Oxford, Clarendon Press.

  • R.H. Williams, Textbook of Endocrinology, W.B. Saunders



B.Sc. IV Semester
Course Code - ZOL- 403

PAPER XV

ANIMAL PHYSIOLOGY (PRACTICAL)
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


  1. To study the digestive enzymes from cockroach/Human Saliva. 02




  1. Total count of RBC /WBC from given blood sample. 04




  1. Preparation of Heamatin crystals from blood sample. 01




  1. Hb% from given blood sample. 01




  1. Effect of isotonic, hypotonic, and hypertonic solutions on blood cell (RBCs) 01




  1. Detection of nitrogenous west product from the extract of different animals 01




  1. Detection of nitrogenous west product in fish/frog water tank. 01




  1. Estimation of O2 consumed by fish in relation to temperature by 02

Wrinkle’s method.





  1. Typographic reading of skeletal muscle properties , heart beating in

Toad / Rat. (Demo only) 01


  1. Histological study of following. 01

  • T.S. of Kidney

  • T.S. of Testis

  • T.S. of Ovaries

  • T.S. of Pancreas

  • T.S. of Intestine


Total practical periods 15

B.Sc. IV Semester
Course Code - ZOL- 404

PAPER XVI

BIOCHEMISTRY AND ENDOCRINOLOGY (PRACTICAL)

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------




  1. Preparation of solutions of given percentage, normality and molarity. 02




  1. Study of analytical instrument principle and applications. 04

  • pH meter,

  • Colorimeter,

  • Centrifuge

  • Electrophoresis

  1. Factors affecting enzymes activity temperature and pH. 02




  1. Detection of amino acid by paper chromatography. 01




  1. Qualitative test for organic compound. 03

  • Carbohydrate.

  • Protein.

  • Fats.

  1. Quantitative estimation of protein from animal tissue using Lawry’s method. 02




  1. Study of permanent histological slides of endocrine glands. 02

  • T.S. of Pituitary gland,

  • T.S. of Thyroid gland,

  • T.S. of Adrenal Gland,

  • T.S. of Islets of langarhance.

  • T.S. of Testis

  • T.S. of Ovaries

Total practical periods: - 15

Pattern of Question Paper

B.Sc. IV Semester
Course Code - ZOL- 401

PAPER XIII
ANIMAL PHYSIOLOGY

(Special Emphasis on Mammals)

Time: 01:30 hours Max. Marks: 30

N.B. 1) Attempt all questions.

2) All question carry equal marks.

3) Illustrate your answer with suitable labeled diagram.


Q1. Long answer question. Based on chapter 1&2 OR OR

Long answer question. Based on chapter 1&2

Q2 Long answer question. Based on chapter 3, 4 & 5

OR OR

Long answer question. Based on chapter3, 4 & 5


Q3. Long answer question. Based on chapter 6 &7 OR OR

Long answer question. Based on chapter 6 &7

Note: - wherever necessary sub-questions may be asked in a question




Pattern of Question Paper

B.Sc. IV Semester
Course Code - ZOL- 402

PAPER XIV
BIOCHEMISTRY AND ENDOCRINOLOGY

Time: 01:30 hours Max. Marks: 30

N.B. 1) Attempt all questions.

2) All question carry equal marks.

3) Illustrate your answer with suitable labeled diagram.

Q1. Long answer question. Based on chapter 1 & 2

OR OR


Long answer question. Based on chapter 1 & 2
Q2 Long answer question. Based on chapter 3, 4 & 5 OR OR

Long answer question. Based on chapter 3, 4 & 5


Q3 Long answer question. Based on chapter 6to10 OR OR

Long answer question. Based on chapter 6 to10

Note: - wherever necessary sub-questions may be asked in a question



SKELETON OF QUESTION PAPER

B. Sc. III&IV semester



Course Code - ZOL-303+403

PAPER XI +XV
VERTIBRATE ZOOLOGY+ANIMAL PHYSIOLOGY (PRACTICAL)
Time: - 4:00 hrs Total marks:-100

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Q.1. Dissect fish……………. ...so as to expose it’s ……………….system 20

OR

Dissect Frog / Rat ………..so as to expose it’s ……………….system



Q.2 Estimation of O2 consumption in relation to temperature. 20

OR


Detection of any two nitrogenous waste products from the given sample

OR

Total count of RBC/WBC from given blood sample



Q.3 Mounting of ……………..scale of fish. 10

OR

Effect of hypotonic/ isotonic/ hypertonic solution on RBC



OR

Preparation of haematin crystals from given blood sample


Q.4 Identification of given spot

(Museum study -05. Chick embryo - 02 & histology -03) 30


Q.5 Record books 10
Q.6 submission of slide (At least five) 05
Q.7 Vivo-voce. 05


Verilənlər bazası müəlliflik hüququ ilə müdafiə olunur ©azrefs.org 2016
rəhbərliyinə müraciət

    Ana səhifə