Objective Analysis in the Atmospheric Sciences
David W. J. Thompson
Room 430, Atmospheric Science
Room 212, ATS West
Tuesday, Thursday 10:00-11:15 PM, ATS West 121
No class Feb. 7, 9.
We will have a few make up classes on Fridays, 10:00-11:15 PM, ATS West 121.
- Class notes.
- Notes from Professors Dennis Hartmann and John M. Wallace
(Department of Atmospheric Sciences, University of Washington).
See links via class website.
Possible reference texts (available via the library or purchase):
Statistical Analysis in Climate Research. von Storch and Zwiers, Cambridge U. Press, 1999
Statistical Methods in the Atmospheric Sciences Wilks, Academic Press, 1995
Schaum’s Outline Series: Statistics Murray R. Spiegel McGraw-Hill.
The course provides an overview of the statistical methods used to interpret data sets in the atmospheric and oceanic sciences. This is a tools class: the objective is to provide a working knowledge of the statistical tools most commonly used in the literature. Topics include the application of basic statistics (superposed epoch analysis; significance testing; curve fitting; correlation and regression theory), matrix methods (principal component analysis; MCA; CCA), and time series analysis (harmonic analysis; power spectra; filtering; cross-spectrum analysis; SSA; wavelet analysis). Emphasis is placed on the application of the tools discussed in class to the analysis of atmospheric and oceanic data.
1. Review and application of elementary statistics
• Review of basic statistics
• Correlation theory; regression; multiple-regression; sampling theory of correlation
• Superposed epoch analysis
• Significance testing
• Application of regression/compositing/etc. to data
2. Matrix methods
• Review of linear algebra; vector spaces; rank; orthogonalization
• Matrix decomposition; singular value decomposition (SVD)
• Application of SVD to data compression and filtering
• Empirical orthogonal functions; principal-component analysis
• Maximum covariance analysis (MCA); canonical correlation analysis (CCA)
• Application of EOF, MCA, CCA to atmospheric data
3. Time series analysis
• Autocorrelation; red noise white noise
• Harmonic analysis; power spectra; methods of computing power spectra
• Significance testing of spectral peaks; data windows
• Cross spectrum analysis
• Filtering; filter design; recursive/nonrecursive filters; response functions
• Application of time series analysis to data sets
4. As time allows...
• Review of more fancy (but not necessarily more useful) methods...
Grading and exams:
Grades are based on roughly 5-6 evenly weighted homework assignments. The homework emphasize the application of the tools discussed in class to real-world data. There are no exams.