Asheville Tree Commission




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Asheville Tree Commission


Tree and Shrub List

Updated February 27, 2001
Small Deciduous Tree – Approximate Size: 15’ - 40’ NOTES


Botanical Name

Common Name

Native

Mature Height

Mature

Spread

Light Requirements

Comments

Acer buergeranum

Trident Maple



N

25-35’

20-30’

sun

Good urban street tree, tolerant of drought, air pollution, and soil compaction, attractive with nice foliage, form, fall color, and exfoliating bark

Acer ginnala

Amur Maple



N

15-20’

15-20’

sun or semi- shade

Adaptable to a wide range of soils, easy to transplant, tends toward multi-stem, not recommended for street tree, good for corners or blank walls of buildings

Aesculus x carnea

Red Horsechestnut



N

30-40’

30-40’

sun or semi- shade

More resistant to blotch and mildew than A. hippocastanum, good for parks and other large use areas, good street tree, spectacular red flowers

Amelanchier arborea

Serviceberry, Sarvis



Y

15-25’

10-15’

sun or semi- shade

Blooms in early spring before dogwoods with pink/white flowers, recommended for planting under power lines

Carpinus caroliniana

American Hornbeam



Y

20-30’

20-30’

sun or shade

Good street tree, great for naturalizing along woodland edges, in buffer areas or along streams

Cercis canadensis

Eastern Redbud



Y

20-30’

25-35’

sun or semi- shade

Beautiful magenta flowers in spring, best for use in woodland/naturalized settings, as understory use in buffer areas or street tree under power lines, difficult to transplant

Chionanthus virginicus

White Fringetree



Y

15-20’

12-15’

sun or semi-shade

Beautiful white fragrant flowers in spring, dark blue fruit in fall, makes a great understory tree in buffer areas, or street tree under power lines

Cornus alternifolia

Pagoda Dogwood



Y

15-25’

10-20’

sun or semi- shade

Fibrous spreading roots, best for naturalizing in buffer areas, spreading habit with horizontal branches creates a layered look

Cornus florida

Flowering Dogwood



Y

20-30’

20-30’

sun or semi- shade

Good for naturalizing on edge of buffer areas, needs good air circulation, not pollution tolerant, not recommended for street tree planting

Cornus kousa

Kousa Dogwood



N

20-30’

20-30’

sun or semi- shade

Creamy white flowers more prolific in sun, exfoliating bark, more disease resistant than Cornus florida, good for use near buildings

Crataegus phaenopurum

Washington Hawthorn



Y

25-30’

20-25’

sun

Creamy white flowers in May, attractive in winter with persistent red fruit, good street tree

Hamamelis virginiana

Witchhazel



Y

20-30’

20-25’

sun or shade

Great for naturalizing in buffer areas or as street tree under power lines

Koelreuteria paniculata

Goldenrain Tree



N

30-40’

30-40’

sun

Withstands drought, heat, wind and pollution, good urban street tree, yellow summer flowers

Magnolia soulangiana

Saucer Magnolia



N

20-30’

20-30’

sun

Pinkish purple flowers in early spring susceptible to spring frost

Magnolia virginiana

Sweetbay Magnolia



Y

15-20’

10-20’

sun or semi- shade

Tolerates wet, swampy conditions, handsome foliage with sweetly fragrant white flowers in spring and red fruit in fall

Malus

Flowering Crabapple



N

15-25’

15-25’

sun

Beautiful spring flowering tree in many colors, new varieties are more resistant to fire blight, recommended varieties include: ‘Adams’, ‘Centurion’, ‘Prairie Fire’, ‘Harvest Gold’, ‘Autumn Glory’, ‘ Red Snow’, and ‘Sugar Tyme’

Ostrya virginiana American Hophornbeam

Y

25-40’

20-40’

sun or part shade

Useful as an understory tree and also as a street tree

Oxydendrum arboreum

Sourwood


Y

25-30’

15-20’

sun or part shade

White flowers in summer, excellent fall color, hard to transplant, drought tolerant

Parrotia persica

Persian Parrotia



N

20-40’

15-30’

sun

Excellent small tree with exfoliating bark and crimson flowers in early spring, use as street tree under power lines or as an accent plant

Prunus sargentii

Sargent Cherry



N

20-30’

20-30’

sun

Pink flowers in April/May, rich brown bark, good street tree under power lines

Prunus subhirtella

Higan Cherry



N

20-40’

15-30’

sun

Long lived, cold heat and stress tolerant, ‘Pendula’ is a weeping variety

Pyrus calleryana ‘Bradford’

Bradford Pear



N

35-40’

35-40’

sun

White flowers in spring, good fall color, good street tree, susceptible to breaking and cracking from ice and wind damage, short lived

Viburnam prunifolium

Blackhaw Viburnum



Y

15-20’

8-12’

sun or shade

Adaptable to many soil types, does well in dry soils, white flowers in May, good fall color, fine specimen tree

Large Deciduous Trees – Approximate Size: > 40’ NOTES



Botanical Name

Common Name

Native

Mature Height

Mature Spread

Light Requirements

Comments

Acer rubrum

Red Maple



Y

40-60’

varies

sun or shade

Fall leaf color varies, ‘October Glory’ and ‘Red Sunset’ cultivars are most popular for guaranteed bright orange/red fall color, very adaptable

Acer saccharum

Sugar Maple



Y

50-70’

30-40’

sun or semi-shade

Tolerant of poor soils, vigorous large root systems, not ideal for planting along sidewalks, exceptional yellow/orange fall color

Aesculus octandra

Yellow Buckeye



Y

60-75’

30-50’

sun

Spectacular native trouble free tree

Betula nigra

River Birch



Y

40-60’

16-20’

semi-shade

Good for areas that flood periodically, grows well on high or low ground

Carpinus betulus

European Hornbeam



N

40-60’

30-50’

sun or semi-shade

Can prune as a hedge or screen, use in grouping around buildings or in planter boxes

Celtis occidentalis

Common Hackberry



Y

40-60’

40-60’

sun

Nice native tree, withstands adverse city conditions, yellow green fall foliage, fall fruit is a favorite for birds

Cercidiphyllum japonicum

Katsuratree



N

40-60’

40-60’

sun

Elegant tree, good street tree, needs ample moisture when young

Cladrastis lutea

American Yellowwood



Y

30-50’

40-55’

sun

Spectacular cascading white flowers in spring, best as specimen or in groupings

Fagus grandifolia

American Beech



Y

50-70’

50-60’

sun or shade

Beautiful native tree for large areas and natural settings, easy to establish, will not tolerate heavy pruning

Fagus sylvatica

European Beech



N

50-60’

35-60’

sun or shade

Excellent specimen tree especially for public areas

Fraxinus americana

White Ash



Y

50-80’

50-70’

sun

Good shade tree with fascinating fall color ranging from reddish purple to yellow

Fraxinus pennsylvanica

Green Ash



Y

50-60’

varies

sun

Easy to grow, withstands city conditions, good shade tree for streets and parking lots, beautiful yellow fall color

Ginkgo biloba

Ginkgo, Maidenhair



N

50-80’

varies

sun

Ancient tree with unique fan shaped leaf, beautiful shade tree, use male trees only as female fruit produces offensive odor, good urban tree, prune to single trunk

Gleditsia triacanthos inermis

Thornless Honeylocust



Y

30-70’

30-70’

sun

Very adaptable, good salt tolerance, select fruitless varieties for landscape use

Larix decidua

European Larch



N

70-75’

25-30’

sun

Deciduous conifer with elegant spring growth, tolerant of moist and dry soils and windswept locations

Liquidambar styraciflua

Sweetgum


Y

60-75’

40-50’

sun or semi-shade

Excellent fall color, good for planting in moist areas along streams, plant only fruitless varieties for streets and parking lots

Liriodendron tuliperfera

Tulip Poplar, Yellow Poplar



Y

70-90’

35-50’

sun

Large, stately tree, susceptible to drought, best known for flowers in spring and beautiful yellow fall color, good for street trees next to sidewalks

Metasequoia glyptostroboides

Dawn Redwood



Y

70-100’

25-30’

sun

Easy to transplant, lovely ornamental for screening, streets, also excellent for groves along lakes and streams

Nyssa sylvatica

Black Tupelo



Y

30-50’

20-30’

sun or semi-shade

Deciduous conifer, distinctive pyramidal habit, fluorescent yellow, orange and scarlet fall color, good street tree in residential areas

Platanus acerifolia

London Planetree



N

70-100’

65-80’

sun or semi-shade

Withstands severe city conditions, good for use as street tree, easily transplanted, mottled bark

Platanus occidentalis

American Sycamore



Y

75-100’

75-100’

sun or semi-shade

Use for naturalized settings along streams, very large tree, needs lots of space, good downtown street tree

Prunus yedoensis

Yoshino Cherry



N

40-50’

40-50’

sun

Soft pinkish white flowers in early spring make spectacular display, fast growing,

Quercus alba

White Oak



Y

50-80’

50-80’

sun or semi-shade

Majestic large shade tree, slow growing but long lived, difficult to transplant, sensitive to root disturbance when grading

Quercus bicolor

Swamp White Oak



Y

50-60’

50-60’

sun

Good for planting in low lying areas, easier to transplant than white oak
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