THE SEEDS OF CHANGE,
(a) The nature and extent of discrimination and segregation …
The social, political and economic position of black citizens in the USA in the 1940s and early 1950s.
(b) Signs of change by 1955.
What was the Social, Political, Economic and Legal position of blacks in different parts of the USA?
How, if at all, this position was changing?
Why were things beginning to change? (Consider: impact of the Second World War, Cold War, improving employment prospects, internal migration)
Why was progress slow?
How important was the work of the NAACP? What was the importance of Brown versus Board of Education (1954-55)?
To what extent did opportunities for Black Americans improve between 1945 and 1955?
World War 2 – Migration
March on Washington Movement
James Farmer & CORE (Congress of Racial Equality)
Sit-ins & boycotts
President Truman & ‘To secure these rights’ report (see online)
Segregation ended in armed forces (1948)
Adam Clayton Powell
Roy Wilkins & NAACP (National Association of the Advancement of Coloured People)
Brown V Board of Education Topeka (1954) & Thurgood Marshall
De jure & De facto change
Murder of Emmett Till (1955)
Mind Map & Acronym/Pneumonic (impact WW2)
Comparison Table using criteria (SPEL position in 1945 … North V South)
Factors Table (help and hinder change)
8Q Key Event Summary (Brown Case) for importance see ‘Blue Eyes, Brown Eyes’
Mock Trial: Truman
1. Check/adjust Living Graph (overview hypothesis)
2. Complete Factors Table (help and hinder) & Diamond 9 (prioritise factors)
3. ‘Top Trump’ Flash Cards (Key Individuals) –Debate ratings
4. Continuum Line Debate – Extent of Change by 1955.
5. Period Chart (Summary)
- Decoding Questions
- Question Types (Explain or reach a judgement)
- Concept focus
- Paragraphing (PEE Technique)
Why was progress towards racial equality so slow in the period 1945-1955? (Edexcel p33 - Causation) [Walking Essay]
How far is it accurate to describe Black Americans as second class citizens in the years 1945-55? (SAM 2007 – Key Features) [Plan … Self & Peer Assess against Mark Scheme]
How far did the position of Black Americans improve in the years 1945–55? (June 2009 & ATH - Change)
How accurate is it to say that the status of black people in the United States changed very little in the years 1945–55? (June 2010)
To what extent was the
NAACP responsible for the successes of the civil rights campaign in the years 1945–57? (Jan 11)