Update with respect to the general qualifications and suitability profiles of Approved Check Pilot (ACP) candidates
To amend requirements and provide additional details with respect to general qualifications and suitability profiles of ACP candidates, as found in subsection 1.6.1 of the ACP Manual.
TCCA conducted an in-depth review of its ACP program in 2012 and as a result, revised general qualifications and suitability profiles of ACP candidates, to include among other items the delegation of Title 14, Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Part 142 Training Center Evaluators (TCE) to act as ACPs under specific conditions.
Associated with these changes is a risk that current delays in the publication of an updated edition of the ACP Manual generate situations resulting in the uneven application, by issuing authorities, of the various criteria and requirements to be met prior to considering an ACP application.
These criteria and requirements are currently found in subsection 1.6.1 of the ACP Manual. They are listed in a prescriptive manner and do not account for a variety of situations that reflect the fact that ACP applicants do not necessarily fit into a “one-size-fits-all” category. More specifically, the subsection’s main shortcomings are identified as follows:
It does not state a minimum level of experience on type, and how this experience can be obtained;
it does not speak to other forms of exposure as a means to avoid reliance on a stale type rating for cases where a current PPC is not being maintained on type;
it does not account for the fact that aircraft variants, despite being captured under a same pilot type rating, or the avionics equipment and flight management/guidance capabilities of similar aircraft types, may have large differences between them;
it speaks only to holders of Canadian Aviation Documents without suggesting the possibility of delegating foreign individuals maintaining equivalent qualifications under FAA regulations; and
while it does prescribe specific amounts of overall experience, it does not provide flexibility in areas where the amount of experience required could vary, such as the requirement for actual instrument flight experience for fixed-wing v. rotary-wing ACP applicants.
Intended Staff Guidance
With a view to address these shortcomings in a timely and comprehensive manner, you will find below that five notes and a few additional edits have been inserted in subsection 1.6.1 of the ACP Manual.
Please note that text to the effect that Authorized Persons privileges will not be granted to ACPs who qualify on the basis of holding equivalent FAA certificates and qualifications, will also be added to section 1.4 of the ACP Manual.
Effective upon posting of this Bulletin therefore, subsection 1.6.1 will be amended to read as follows:
1.6.1 Overall Qualifications and Suitability Profile
An ACP candidate will:
(a) hold a valid Canadian Commercial Pilot Licence or Airline Transport Pilot Licence – Aeroplane or Helicopter (refer to the last note of this subsection for an exception concerning FAA document holders);
(b) hold a valid instrument rating where IFR operations are involved;
(c) hold a type rating on each aircraft type requested on the candidate’s application form, where that aircraft requires an individual type rating;
NOTE – The issuing authority may further restrict this requirement to specific series / model(s) of existing aircraft types, where such a series / model is deemed to carry significant differences from other series and models captured under the same pilot type rating. By the same token, an issuing authority may deem necessary to restrict an ACP’s delegation letter to particular makes / models of avionics suites or flight management / guidance equipment for similar reasons. Section 1.1 refers.
(d) hold a valid PPC on at least one type of aircraft requested on the candidate’s application form;
NOTE – Although a valid PPC held as a second-in-command in multi-crew operations should not be disqualifying in all instances, a PPC held as pilot-in-command will be required for conducting PPCs involving CAT III operations.
(e) be or have been employed as pilot-in-command on the type(s), category and class requested under the appropriate CARs subpart (or under a regulatory framework in force prior to the advent of the CARs, if deemed acceptable under extenuating circumstances);
(f) have experience as a training pilot under Part VII of the CARs, or have demonstrated equivalent knowledge, skill, and ability, for example as a flight instructor/pilot examiner, simulator instructor or military instructor/examiner;
(g) possess a thorough knowledge of an air operator’s Company Operations Manual, any applicable operations specifications and authorizations, Standard Operating Procedures and applicable operating manuals such as Aircraft Operating Manuals and Flight Crew Operating Manuals;
(h) possess the following overall flight experience:
(i) 3000 hours of total flight time;
(ii) 1500 hours of pilot-in-command flight time;
(iii) where authority for multi-engine aircraft is requested, 500 hours of multi-engine flight time (with a minimum of 100 hours logged as pilot-in-command) in the applicable aircraft category; and
where PPC/IFR authority is requested, 300 hours of instrument time, of which 150 hours should be acquired as actual instrument flight time (and as PIC for rotary-wing candidates);
NOTE – The issuing authority may consider a minimum instrument experience as low as 200 hours for rotary-wing ACP candidates, provided that at least 100 hours have been acquired as pilot-in-command in actual instrument conditions and this experience is supplemented by a minimum of 200 hours of night flight time under VFR conducted as pilot-in-command, without the use of any night vision-enhancing technology.
an appropriate level of operational, training and/or instructional experience on each type, if deemed required by the issuing authority based on the experience and qualifications of the candidate and the specifics of the delegation being sought;
NOTE – In determining an appropriate level of experience on type, the issuing authority must consider minimum experience levels required under the Commercial Air Services Standards and other enabled documents such as TP 1490 – Manual of All-Weather Operations for items such as line indoctrination and low-visibility approach / landing operations, where applicable; this experience may be acquired both in the training and operating environments; the issuing authority may also require from a candidate that exposure to the aircraft type (in the form of academic or practical training and/or operational experience) be recent, where deemed reasonable or necessary in the absence of a current PPC on type.
(i) have a satisfactory safety record as a pilot, based on factual recorded events with regards to accidents or incidents, where such records exist;
(j) in relation to aviation, have no personal record that includes:
(i) any conviction under subsection 7.3(1) of the Aeronautics Act; or
(ii) two or more convictions or administrative penalties, occurring during separate unrelated events, under the Canadian Aviation Regulations;
(k) where available, show evidence of integrity and dependability in the aviation community; and
(l) where available, show evidence of constructive interaction with Transport Canada.
NOTE – Where TC considers delegating the conduct of flight checks under the CARs to individuals delegated similar duties under Title 14, CFR Parts 91, 121 and/or 135, such ACP applicants should meet the intent of the various licensing, qualification, experience and currency requirements listed in this subsection, by way of holding FAA licenses and qualifications, possessing a level of experience and maintaining currency in a form and manner that would be deemed equivalent by the issuing authority. For example, maintaining qualifications as a CFR Part 142 Training Center Evaluator (TCE) ensures that the holder possesses a pilot certificate, qualifications and experience and maintains currency in a form and manner that can be deemed equivalent.
This bulletin will take effect upon its posting date. Of course, the next edition of TP 6533 – ACP Manual will reflect these changes when published.
Program Manager, Approved Check Pilot / Advanced Qualification Programs (AARTF)