Appendix A. Previous and projected changes in Japanese human population (1920-2105)




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Appendix A. Previous and projected changes in Japanese human population (1920-2105).

Previous values (1920-2005) are based on the results of a national census (http://www.e-stat.go.jp/estat/html/GL02100101.html). Population in Okinawa prefecture is not included in 1945. Three projected values are from the three scenarios with different birth and death rates (Department of Population Dynamics Research 2006).

Appendix B. Study area.

Study area was in the northern part of Kitakami highland, Iwate prefecture, northern Japan. Cities in lower left is Morioka city. Two marked sites in young planted forests were substituted for the plant survey, that is, site "1" was used for bee and bird survey, while site "2" was used for plant survey. This is because site "1" was weeded immediately after the bee and bird survey. Base land-use map (with 50 × 50 m resolution) is the research product datasets of "Daichi" (AVNIR-2 of ALOS) processed in EORC, JAXA (http://www.eorc.jaxa.jp/ALOS/lulc/lulc_jindex.htm). © JAXA.

Appendix C. Details of survey sites.



Habitat id

Site idζ

Site idη

Habitat

Name

Stand ageξ

Detailsρ

1

12

13

Pasture

Yamayakawame-shita

n/a




1

13

14

Pasture

Yamayakawame-kuchi

n/a




1

15

16

Pasture

Koishikawa-shita

n/a




1

16

17

Pasture

Koishikawa-ue

n/a




1

19

20

Pasture

Hayasaka

n/a




2

23

24

Meadow

Hinoto-oku

n/a




2

24

25

Meadow

Hinoto-ue

n/a




2

25

26

Meadow

Hinoto-naka

n/a




2

26

27

Meadow

Hinoto-minami

n/a




2

27

28

Meadow

Hinoto-kita

n/a




3

9

10

Young planted forest

Anasawa-oku

6




3

18

19

Young planted forest

Mizunashi

4




3

22

23

Young planted forest

Tsuchitaki-oku

5




3

28

n/a

Young planted forest

Manbe

3

Marked by 1 in the figure

3

30

30

Young planted forest

Monzenji

3




3

n/a

7

Young planted forest

Magari

5

Marked by 2 in the figure

4

2

2

Abandoned clear-cut

Ichinokayoi

4




4

3

3

Abandoned clear-cut

Amataki-oku

3




4

4

4

Abandoned clear-cut

Karijuku-ue

5




4

8

9

Abandoned clear-cut

Anasawa

5




4

29

29

Abandoned clear-cut

Myojinyama-oku

3




5

5

5

Mature planted forest

Gandoh-kennyuurin-tonari

Unknown

Private forest.

Average DBH = 18 cm



5

6

6

Mature planted forest

Gandoh-kita

Unknown

Private forest.

Average DBH = 24 cm



5

14

15

Mature planted forest

Shibasawa-rindo

46

National forest (71-HA).

Average DBH = 18 cm



5

20

21

Mature planted forest

Takanosusawa

48

National forest (69-I4).

Average DBH = 30 cm



5

21

22

Mature planted forest

Tashirosawa

48

National forest (68-HE1).

Average DBH = 29 cm



6

1

1

Old-growth

Abetateyama

132

National forest (542-I, HA).

One selective logging



6

7

8

Old-growth

Kanahori-rindoh

128

National forest (329-I).

One selective logging



6

10

11

Old-growth

Odaidoh

108

National forest (240-RO1).

One selective logging



6

11

12

Old-growth

Odaidoh-kuchi

128

National forest (242-RO).

One selective logging



6

17

18

Old-growth

Kamimyojin

141

National forest (557-HE).

There was no records of forestry operation


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