Appendix 1: Search Terms




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Appendix 1: Search Terms

MEDLINE


  1. randomized controlled trial.pt.

  2. controlled clinical trial.pt.

  3. Randomized Controlled Trials/

  4. Random Allocation/

  5. Double-Blind Method/

  6. Single-Blind Method/

  7. or/1-6

  8. Animals/ not Human/

  9. 7 not 8

  10. clinical trial.pt.

  11. exp Clinical Trial/

  12. (clin$ adj25 trial$).tw.

  13. ((singl$ or doubl$ or trebl$ or tripl$) adj25 (blind$ or mask$)).tw.

  14. Placebos/

  15. placebo$.tw.

  16. random$.tw.

  17. Research Design/

  18. (latin adj square).tw.

  19. or/10-18

  20. 19 not 18

  21. 20 not 9

  22. Comparative Study/

  23. exp Evaluation Studies/

  24. Follow-Up Studies/

  25. Prospective Studies/

  26. (control$ or prospective$ or Volunteer$).tw.

  27. Cross-Over Studies/

  28. or/22-27

  29. 28 not 8

  30. 29 not (9 or 21)

  31. 9 or 21 or 30

  32. dorsalgia.ti,ab.

  33. exp Back Pain/

  34. backache.ti,ab.

  35. (lumbar adj pain).ti,ab.

  36. coccyx.ti,ab.

  37. coccydynia.ti,ab.

  38. sciatica.ti,ab.

  39. sciatic neuropathy/

  40. spondylosis.ti,ab.

  41. lumbago.ti,ab.

  42. or/32-41

  43. 31 and 42

  44. Drugs, Chinese Herbal/

  45. herbal.mp.

  46. Plants, Medicinal/

  47. phytomedicine.mp.

  48. herb$.mp.

  49. weed.mp.

  50. algae.mp.

  51. cryptophyta/ or haptophyta/ or exp glaucophyta/ or exp rhodophyta/ or exp viridiplantae/ or exp chlorophyta/ or exp streptophyta/ or exp stramenopiles/

  52. exp Fungi/

  53. exp Medicine, Traditional/

  54. exp Phytotherapy/

  55. exp Pharmacognosy/

  56. (oriental adj traditional).mp. [mp=title, abstract, original title, name of substance word, subject heading word, keyword heading word, protocol supplementary concept word, rare disease supplementary concept word, unique identifier]

  57. (Camphora adj molmol).mp. [mp=title, abstract, original title, name of substance word, subject heading word, keyword heading word, protocol supplementary concept word, rare disease supplementary concept word, unique identifier]

  58. Capsicum/

  59. exp Salicaceae/

  60. (Maleluca adj alternifolia).mp. [mp=title, abstract, original title, name of substance word, subject heading word, keyword heading word, protocol supplementary concept word, rare disease supplementary concept word, unique identifier]

  61. Angelica sinensis/

  62. Aloe/

  63. (Thymus adj officinalis).mp. [mp=title, abstract, original title, name of substance word, subject heading word, keyword heading word, protocol supplementary concept word, rare disease supplementary concept word, unique identifier]

  64. Menthe piperita.mp. [mp=title, abstract, original title, name of substance word, subject heading word, keyword heading word, protocol supplementary concept word, rare disease supplementary concept word, unique identifier]

  65. Arnica Montana.mp. or Arnica/

  66. Curcuma longa.mp. or Curcuma/

  67. Tanacetum parthenium.mp. or Tanacetum parthenium/

  68. feverfew.mp.

  69. Harpagophytum procumbens.mp. or exp Harpagophytum/

  70. Zingiber officii.mp. [mp=title, abstract, original title, name of substance word, subject heading word, keyword heading word, protocol supplementary concept word, rare disease supplementary concept word, unique identifier]

  71. plant preparations/ or plant extracts/ or plant oils/

  72. or/44-71

  73. 43 and 72

  74. 31 and 42 and 72

  75. limit 74 to yr=2013-Current

  76. limit 74 to ed=20130806-20140911

  77. 75 or 76

EMBASE


From the 2013 strategy, line 31 was changed from 14 and 30 to 14 or 30

  1. Clinical Article/

  2. exp Clinical Study/

  3. Clinical Trial/

  4. Controlled Study/

  5. Randomized Controlled Trial/

  6. Major Clinical Study/

  7. Double Blind Procedure/

  8. Multicenter Study/

  9. Single Blind Procedure/

  10. Phase 3 Clinical Trial/

  11. Phase 4 Clinical Trial/

  12. crossover procedure/

  13. placebo/

  14. or/1-13

  15. allocat$.mp.

  16. assign$.mp.

  17. blind$.mp.

  18. (clinic$ adj25 (study or trial)).mp.

  19. compar$.mp.

  20. control$.mp.

  21. cross?over.mp.

  22. factorial$.mp.

  23. follow?up.mp.

  24. placebo$.mp.

  25. prospectiv$.mp.

  26. random$.mp.

  27. ((singl$ or doubl$ or trebl$ or tripl$) adj25 (blind$ or mask$)).mp.

  28. trial.mp.

  29. (versus or vs).mp.

  30. or/15-29

  31. 14 or 30

  32. exp animals/ or exp invertebrate/ or animal experiment/ or animal model/ or animal tissue/ or animal cell/ or nonhuman/

  33. human/ or normal human/ or human cell/

  34. 32 and 33

  35. 32 not 34

  36. 31 not 35

  37. dorsalgia.mp.

  38. back pain.mp.

  39. exp BACKACHE/

  40. (lumbar adj pain).mp.

  41. coccyx.mp.

  42. coccydynia.mp.

  43. sciatica.mp.

  44. exp ISCHIALGIA/

  45. spondylosis.mp.

  46. lumbago.mp.

  47. exp Low back pain/

  48. or/37-47

  49. exp herbaceous agent/

  50. herbal.mp. [mp=title, abstract, subject headings, heading word, drug trade name, original title, device manufacturer, drug manufacturer, device trade name, keyword]

  51. exp medicinal plant/

  52. exp phytotherapy/

  53. exp herbal medicine/

  54. phytomedicine.mp.

  55. exp plant extract/

  56. herb*.mp. [mp=title, abstract, subject headings, heading word, drug trade name, original title, device manufacturer, drug manufacturer, device trade name, keyword]

  57. weed.mp. [mp=title, abstract, subject headings, heading word, drug trade name, original title, device manufacturer, drug manufacturer, device trade name, keyword]

  58. exp alga/

  59. exp fungus/

  60. exp traditional medicine/

  61. exp pharmacognosy/

  62. (oriental adj traditional).mp. [mp=title, abstract, subject headings, heading word, drug trade name, original title, device manufacturer, drug manufacturer, device trade name, keyword]

  63. exp Chinese medicine/

  64. exp pepper/

  65. capsicum.mp.

  66. exp willow/

  67. salix.mp.

  68. exp Angelica sinensis/

  69. exp Aloe/

  70. exp Arnica montana/

  71. exp Curcuma longa/

  72. tanacetum/ or exp tanacetum parthenium/

  73. exp harpagophytum/ or exp harpagophytum extract/ or exp harpagophytum procumbens extract/

  74. or/49-73

  75. 36 and 48 and 74

  76. limit 75 to yr="2013-Current"

  77. limit 75 to em=201331-201436

  78. 76 or 77

CENTRAL


#1 MeSH descriptor: [Low Back Pain] this term only

#2 MeSH descriptor: [Back Pain] this term only

#3 backache

#4 lumbago

#5 #1 or #2 or #3 or #4

#6 MeSH descriptor: [Drugs, Chinese Herbal] explode all trees

#7 MeSH descriptor: [Plants, Medicinal] explode all trees

#8 herbal

#9 phytomedicine

#10 herb*

#11 weed

#12 MeSH descriptor: [Algae] explode all trees

#13 MeSH descriptor: [Fungi] explode all trees

#14 MeSH descriptor: [Medicine, Traditional] explode all trees

#15 MeSH descriptor: [Phytotherapy] this term only

#16 MeSH descriptor: [Pharmacognosy] explode all trees

#17 Oriental next traditional

#18 MeSH descriptor: [Medicine, Chinese Traditional] this term only

#19 Camphora next molmo

#20 MeSH descriptor: [Capsicum] this term only

#21 MeSH descriptor: [Salix] this term only

#22 Maleluca next alternifolia

#23 MeSH descriptor: [Angelica sinensis] this term only

#24 MeSH descriptor: [Aloe] this term only

#25 Thymus next officinalis

#26 Menthe next piperita

#27 MeSH descriptor: [Arnica] this term only

#28 Arnica next Montana

#29 Curcuma next longa

#30 MeSH descriptor: [Curcuma] this term only

#31 MeSH descriptor: [Tanacetum parthenium] this term only

#32 MeSH descriptor: [Harpagophytum] this term only

#33 Harpagophytum next procumbens

#34 Zingiber next officii

#35 MeSH descriptor: [Plant Preparations] this term only

#36 MeSH descriptor: [Plant Oils] explode all trees

#37 MeSH descriptor: [Plant Extracts] explode all trees

#38 #6 or #7 or #8 or #9 or #10 or #11 or #12 or #13 or #14 or #15 or #16 or #17 or #18 or #19 or #20 or #21 or #22 or #23 or #24 or #25 or #26 or #27 or #28 or #29 or #30 or #31 or #32 or #33 or #34 or #35 or #36 or #37

#39 #5 and #38

#40 #39 Publication Year from 2013 to 2014, in Trials


CINAHL


S75 S73 OR S74

S74 S73 and EM 20130806-20140911

S73 S49 and S71 Limiters - Published Date: 20130801-20140931

S72 S49 and S71

S71 S50 or S51 or S52 or S53 or S54 or S55 or S56 or S57 or S58 or S59 or S60 or S61 or S62 or S63 or S64 or S65 or S66 or S67 or S68 or S69 or S70

S70 (MH "Devil's Claw")

S69 (MH "Feverfew")

S68 Curcuma longa

S67 (MH "Arnica")

S66 (MH "Aloe")

S65 (MH "Dong Quai")

S64 (MH "Willow Bark")

S63 ("Capsicum") or (MH "Cayenne Pepper")

S62 Camphora W1 molmol

S61 (MH "Medicine, Traditional")

S60 oriental W1 traditional

S59 Pharmacognosy

S58 ("Phytotherapy") or (MH "Medicine, Herbal")

S57 (MH "Medicine, Chinese Traditional")

S56 (MH "Fungi+")

S55 (MH "Algae+")

S54 "weed"

S53 herb*

S52 phytomedicine

S51 (MH "Plants, Medicinal+")

S50 (MH "Drugs, Chinese Herbal")

S49 S28 and S48

S48 S35 or S43 or S47

S47 S44 or S45 or S46

S46 "lumbago"

S45 (MH "Spondylolisthesis") OR (MH "Spondylolysis")

S44 (MH "Thoracic Vertebrae")

S43 S36 or S37 or S38 or S39 or S40 or S41 or S42

S42 lumbar N2 vertebra

S41 (MH "Lumbar Vertebrae")

S40 "coccydynia"

S39 "coccyx"

S38 "sciatica"

S37 (MH "Sciatica")

S36 (MH "Coccyx")

S35 S29 or S30 or S31 or S32 or S33 or S34

S34 lumbar N5 pain

S33 lumbar W1 pain

S32 "backache"

S31 (MH "Low Back Pain")

S30 (MH "Back Pain+")

S29 "dorsalgia"

S28 S26 NOT S27

S27 (MH "Animals")

S26 S7 or S12 or S19 or S25

S25 S20 or S21 or S22 or S23 or S24

S24 volunteer*

S23 prospectiv*

S22 control*

S21 followup stud*

S20 follow-up stud*

S19 S13 or S14 or S15 or S16 or S17 or S18

S18 (MH "Prospective Studies+")

S17 (MH "Evaluation Research+")

S16 (MH "Comparative Studies")

S15 latin square

S14 (MH "Study Design+")

S13 (MH "Random Sample")

S12 S8 or S9 or S10 or S11

S11 random*

S10 placebo*

S9 (MH "Placebos")

S8 (MH "Placebo Effect")

S7 S1 or S2 or S3 or S4 or S5 or S6

S6 triple-blind

S5 single-blind

S4 double-blind

S3 clinical W3 trial

S2 "randomi?ed controlled trial*"

S1 (MH "Clinical Trials+")

ClinicalTrials.gov


Condition: back pain

AND Intervention: herbal OR botanical

Received on or after 08/06/2013

WHO ICTRP


Condition: back pain

AND Intervention: herbal OR botanical

Date of registration between 06/08/2013-(no date limit)

PubMed


((((herbal or botanical))) AND back pain) AND ((pubstatusaheadofprint OR publisher[sb] or pubmednotmedline[sb]))

2 Previous search strategies autoshape 10 

August 2013



Embase

The animal study filter was updated from 2010



  1. Clinical Article/

  2. exp Clinical Study/

  3. Clinical Trial/

  4. Controlled Study/

  5. Randomized Controlled Trial/

  6. Major Clinical Study/

  7. Double Blind Procedure/

  8. Multicenter Study/

  9. Single Blind Procedure/

  10. Phase 3 Clinical Trial/

  11. Phase 4 Clinical Trial/

  12. crossover procedure/

  13. placebo/

  14. or/1-13

  15. allocat$.mp.

  16. assign$.mp.

  17. blind$.mp.

  18. (clinic$ adj25 (study or trial)).mp.

  19. compar$.mp.

  20. control$.mp.

  21. cross?over.mp.

  22. factorial$.mp.

  23. follow?up.mp.

  24. placebo$.mp.

  25. prospectiv$.mp.

  26. random$.mp.

  27. ((singl$ or doubl$ or trebl$ or tripl$) adj25 (blind$ or mask$)).mp.

  28. trial.mp.

  29. (versus or vs).mp.

  30. or/15-29

  31. 14 and 30

  32. exp animals/ or exp invertebrate/ or animal experiment/ or animal model/ or animal tissue/ or animal cell/ or nonhuman/

  33. human/ or normal human/ or human cell/

  34. 32 and 33

  35. 32 not 34

  36. 31 not 35

January 2011


Medline

Back terms and herbal medicine terms were updated from 2009



  1. randomized controlled trial.pt.

  2. controlled clinical trial.pt.

  3. Randomized Controlled Trials/

  4. Random Allocation/

  5. Double-Blind Method/

  6. Single-Blind Method/

  7. or/1-6

  8. Animals/ not Human/

  9. 7 not 8

  10. clinical trial.pt.

  11. exp Clinical Trials/

  12. (clin$ adj25 trial$).tw.

  13. ((singl$ or doubl$ or trebl$ or tripl$) adj25 (blind$ or mask$)).tw.

  14. Placebos/

  15. placebo$.tw.

  16. random$.tw.

  17. Research Design/

  18. (latin adj square).tw.

  19. or/10-18

  20. 19 not 18

  21. 20 not 9

  22. Comparative Study/

  23. exp Evaluation Studies/

  24. Follow-Up Studies/

  25. Prospective Studies/

  26. (control$ or prospective$ or Volunteer$).tw.

  27. Cross-Over Studies/

  28. or/22-27

  29. 28 not 8

  30. 29 not (9 or 21)

  31. 9 or 21 or 30

  32. dorsalgia.ti,ab.

  33. exp Back Pain/

  34. backache.ti,ab.

  35. (lumbar adj pain).ti,ab.

  36. coccyx.ti,ab.

  37. coccydynia.ti,ab.

  38. sciatica.ti,ab.

  39. sciatic neuropathy/

  40. spondylosis.ti,ab.

  41. lumbago.ti,ab.

  42. or/32-41

  43. 31 and 42

  44. Drugs, Chinese Herbal/

  45. herbal.mp.

  46. Plants, Medicinal/

  47. phytomedicine.mp.

  48. herb$.mp.

  49. weed.mp.

  50. algae.mp.

  51. cryptophyta/ or haptophyta/ or exp glaucophyta/ or exp rhodophyta/ or exp viridiplantae/ or exp chlorophyta/ or exp streptophyta/ or exp stramenopiles/

  52. exp Fungi/

  53. exp Medicine, Traditional/

  54. exp Phytotherapy/

  55. exp Pharmacognosy/

  56. (oriental adj traditional).mp.

  57. (Camphora adj molmol).mp.

  58. Capsicum/

  59. exp Salicaceae/

  60. (Maleluca adj alternifolia).mp.

  61. Angelica sinensis/

  62. Aloe/

  63. (Thymus adj officinalis).mp.

  64. Menthe piperita.mp.

  65. Arnica Montana.mp. or Arnica/

  66. Curcuma longa.mp. or Curcuma/

  67. Tanacetum parthenium.mp. or Tanacetum parthenium/

  68. feverfew.mp.

  69. Harpagophytum procumbens.mp. or exp Harpagophytum/

  70. Zingiber officii.mp.

  71. plant preparations/ or plant extracts/ or plant oils/

  72. or/44-71

  73. 43 and 72

  74. limit 73 to yr="2003 - 2011"


CINAHL

The strategy was updated from 2009

S73 S49 and S71 Limiters - Published Date from: 20030101-20111231

S72 S49 and S71

S71 S50 or S51 or S52 or S53 or S54 or S55 or S56 or S57 or S58 or S59 or S60 or S61 or S62 or S63 or S64 or S65 or S66 or S67 or S68 or S69 or S70

S70 (MH "Devil's Claw")

S69 (MH "Feverfew")

S68 Curcuma longa

S67 (MH "Arnica")

S66 (MH "Aloe")

S65 (MH "Dong Quai")

S64 (MH "Willow Bark")

S63 ("Capsicum") or (MH "Cayenne Pepper")

S62 Camphora W1 molmol

S61 (MH "Medicine, Traditional")

S60 oriental W1 traditional

S59 Pharmacognosy

S58 ("Phytotherapy") or (MH "Medicine, Herbal")

S57 (MH "Medicine, Chinese Traditional")

S56 (MH "Fungi+")

S55 (MH "Algae+")

S54 "weed"

S53 herb*

S52 phytomedicine

S51 (MH "Plants, Medicinal+")

S50 (MH "Drugs, Chinese Herbal")

S49 S28 and S48

S48 S35 or S43 or S47

S47 S44 or S45 or S46

S46 "lumbago"

S45 (MH "Spondylolisthesis") OR (MH "Spondylolysis")

S44 (MH "Thoracic Vertebrae")

S43 S36 or S37 or S38 or S39 or S40 or S41 or S42

S42 lumbar N2 vertebra

S41 (MH "Lumbar Vertebrae")

S40 "coccydynia"

S39 "coccyx"

S38 "sciatica"

S37 (MH "Sciatica")

S36 (MH "Coccyx")

S35 S29 or S30 or S31 or S32 or S33 or S34

S34 lumbar N5 pain

S33 lumbar W1 pain

S32 "backache"

S31 (MH "Low Back Pain")

S30 (MH "Back Pain+")

S29 "dorsalgia"

S28 S26 NOT S27

S27 (MH "Animals")

S26 S7 or S12 or S19 or S25

S25 S20 or S21 or S22 or S23 or S24

S24 volunteer*

S23 prospectiv*

S22 control*

S21 followup stud*

S20 follow-up stud*

S19 S13 or S14 or S15 or S16 or S17 or S18

S18 (MH "Prospective Studies+")

S17 (MH "Evaluation Research+")

S16 (MH "Comparative Studies")

S15 latin square

S14 (MH "Study Design+")

S13 (MH "Random Sample")

S12 S8 or S9 or S10 or S11

S11 random*

S10 placebo*

S9 (MH "Placebos")

S8 (MH "Placebo Effect")

S7 S1 or S2 or S3 or S4 or S5 or S6

S6 triple-blind

S5 single-blind

S4 double-blind

S3 clinical W3 trial

S2 "randomi?ed controlled trial*"

S1 (MH "Clinical Trials+")
CENTRAL

New intervention terms were added from 2009

#1 MeSH descriptor Low Back Pain, this term only

#2 MeSH descriptor Back Pain, this term only

#3 backache

#4 lumbago

#5 (#1 OR #2 OR #3 OR #4)

#6 MeSH descriptor Drugs, Chinese Herbal explode all trees

#7 MeSH descriptor Plants, Medicinal explode all trees

#8 herbal

#9 phytomedicine

#10 herb*

#11 weed

#12 MeSH descriptor Algae explode all trees

#13 MeSH descriptor Fungi explode all trees

#14 MeSH descriptor Medicine, Traditional explode all trees

#15 MeSH descriptor Phytotherapy, this term only

#16 MeSH descriptor Pharmacognosy explode all trees

#17 Oriental NEXT traditional

#18 MeSH descriptor Medicine, Chinese Traditional, this term only

#19 Camphora NEXT molmo

#20 MeSH descriptor Capsicum, this term only

#21 MeSH descriptor Salix, this term only

#22 Maleluca NEXT alternifolia

#23 MeSH descriptor Angelica sinensis, this term only

#24 MeSH descriptor Aloe, this term only

#25 Thymus NEXT officinalis

#26 Menthe NEXT piperita

#27 MeSH descriptor Arnica, this term only

#28 Arnica NEXT Montana

#29 Curcuma NEXT longa

#30 MeSH descriptor Curcuma, this term only

#31 MeSH descriptor Tanacetum parthenium, this term only

#32 MeSH descriptor Harpagophytum, this term only

#33 Harpagophytum NEXT procumbens

#34 Zingiber NEXT officii

#35 MeSH descriptor Plant Preparations, this term only

#36 MeSH descriptor Plant Oils explode all trees

#37 MeSH descriptor Plant Extracts explode all trees

#38 (#6 OR #7 OR #8 OR #9 OR #10 OR #11 OR #12 OR #13 OR #14 OR #15 OR #16 OR #17 OR #18 OR #19 OR #20 OR #21 OR #22 OR #23 OR #24 OR #25 OR #26 OR #27 OR #28 OR #29 OR #30 OR #31 OR #32 OR #33 OR #34 OR #35 OR #36 OR #37)

#39 (#5 AND #38), from 2003 to 2011

April 2010


EMBASE

The strategy was updated from 2009



  1. Clinical Article/

  2. exp Clinical Study/

  3. Clinical Trial/

  4. Controlled Study/

  5. Randomized Controlled Trial/

  6. Major Clinical Study/

  7. Double Blind Procedure/

  8. Multicenter Study/

  9. Single Blind Procedure/

  10. Phase 3 Clinical Trial/

  11. Phase 4 Clinical Trial/

  12. crossover procedure/

  13. placebo/

  14. or/1-13

  15. allocat$.mp.

  16. assign$.mp.

  17. blind$.mp.

  18. (clinic$ adj25 (study or trial)).mp.

  19. compar$.mp.

  20. control$.mp.

  21. cross?over.mp.

  22. factorial$.mp.

  23. follow?up.mp.

  24. placebo$.mp.

  25. prospectiv$.mp.

  26. random$.mp.

  27. ((singl$ or doubl$ or trebl$ or tripl$) adj25 (blind$ or mask$)).mp.

  28. trial.mp.

  29. (versus or vs).mp.

  30. or/15-29

  31. 14 and 30

  32. human/

  33. Nonhuman/

  34. exp ANIMAL/

  35. Animal Experiment/

  36. 33 or 34 or 35

  37. 32 not 36

  38. 31 not 36

  39. 37 and 38

  40. 38 or 39

  41. dorsalgia.mp.

  42. back pain.mp.

  43. exp BACKACHE/

  44. (lumbar adj pain).mp.

  45. coccyx.mp.

  46. coccydynia.mp.

  47. sciatica.mp.

  48. exp ISCHIALGIA/

  49. spondylosis.mp.

  50. lumbago.mp.

  51. exp Low back pain/

  52. or/41-51

  53. exp herbaceous agent/

  54. herbal.mp.

  55. exp medicinal plant/

  56. exp phytotherapy/

  57. exp herbal medicine/

  58. phytomedicine.mp.

  59. exp plant extract/

  60. herb*.mp.

  61. weed.mp.

  62. exp alga/

  63. exp fungus/

  64. exp traditional medicine/

  65. exp pharmacognosy/

  66. (oriental adj traditional).mp.

  67. exp Chinese medicine/

  68. exp pepper/

  69. capsicum.mp.

  70. exp willow/

  71. salix.mp.

  72. exp Angelica sinensis/

  73. exp Aloe/

  74. exp Arnica montana/

  75. exp Curcuma longa/

  76. tanacetum/ or exp tanacetum parthenium/

  77. exp harpagophytum/ or exp harpagophytum extract/ or exp harpagophytum procumbens extract/

  78. or/53-77

  79. 40 and 52 and 78

October-November 2009


Medline

  1. randomized controlled trial.pt.

  2. controlled clinical trial.pt.

  3. Randomized Controlled Trials/

  4. Random Allocation/

  5. Double-Blind Method/

  6. Single-Blind Method/

  7. or/1-6

  8. Animal/ not Human/

  9. 7 not 8

  10. clinical trial.pt.

  11. exp Clinical Trial/

  12. (clinic$ adj trial$).tw.

  13. ((single$ or double$ or treble$ or triple$) adj (mask$ or blind$)).tw.

  14. Placebos/

  15. placebo$.tw.

  16. random$.tw.

  17. Research Design/

  18. (Latin adj square).tw.

  19. or/10-18

  20. 19 not 8

  21. 20 not 9

  22. Comparative Study/

  23. exp Evaluation Studies/

  24. Follow-Up Studies/

  25. Prospective Studies/

  26. (control$ or prospective$ or volunteer$).tw.

  27. Cross-Over Studies/

  28. or/22-27

  29. 28 not 8

  30. 29 not (9 or 21)

  31. 9 or 21 or 30

  32. low back pain/

  33. low back pain.tw.

  34. backache.mp.

  35. lumbago.mp.

  36. or/32-35

  37. exp Drugs, Chinese Herbal/

  38. herbal.tw.

  39. exp Plants, Medicinal/

  40. phytomedicine.tw.

  41. herb$.tw.

  42. weed.tw.

  43. exp Algae/

  44. exp Fungi/

  45. Medicine, Traditional/

  46. exp Phytotherapy/

  47. exp Pharmacognosy/

  48. (oriental adj traditional).tw.

  49. exp Medicine, Chinese Traditional/

  50. (Camphora adj molmol).tw.

  51. Capsicum/

  52. Salix/

  53. (Maleluca adj alternifolia).tw.

  54. exp Angelica sinensis/

  55. Aloe/

  56. (Thymus adj officinalis).tw.

  57. Menthe piperita.tw.

  58. Arnica Montana.mp. or exp Arnica/

  59. Curcuma longa.mp. or exp Curcuma/

  60. exp Tanacetum parthenium/

  61. Harpagophytum procumbens.mp. or exp Harpagophytum/

  62. Zingiber officii.tw.

  63. or/37-62

  64. 31 and 36 and 63

  65. limit 64 to yr="2005 -Current"


Embase

  1. Randomized Controlled Trials/

  2. Random Allocation/

  3. Double-Blind Method/

  4. Single-Blind Method/

  5. 4 or 1 or 3 or 2

  6. Animal/ not Human/

  7. 5 not 6

  8. exp clinical trial/

  9. (clinic$ adj trial$).tw.

  10. ((single$ or double$ or treble$ or triple$) adj (mask$ or blind$)).tw.

  11. Placebos/

  12. placebo$.tw.

  13. random$.tw.

  14. Research Design/

  15. (Latin adj square).tw.

  16. or/8-15

  17. 16 not 6

  18. 17 not 7

  19. Comparative Study/

  20. exp Evaluation Studies/

  21. Follow-Up Studies/

  22. Prospective Studies/

  23. (control$ or prospective$ or volunteer$).tw.

  24. Cross-Over Studies/

  25. or/19-24

  26. 25 not 6

  27. 26 not (7 or 18)

  28. 7 or 18 or 27

  29. low back pain/

  30. low back pain.tw.

  31. backache.mp. or exp backache/

  32. lumbago.mp.

  33. /29-32

  34. exp Drugs, Chinese Herbal/

  35. herbal.tw.

  36. exp Plants, Medicinal/

  37. phytomedicine.tw.

  38. herb$.tw.

  39. weed.tw.

  40. exp Algae/

  41. exp Fungi/

  42. Medicine, Traditional/

  43. exp Phytotherapy/

  44. exp Pharmacognosy/

  45. (oriental adj traditional).tw.

  46. exp Medicine, Chinese Traditional/

  47. (Camphora adj molmol).tw.

  48. Capsicum/

  49. Salix/

  50. (Maleluca adj alternifolia).tw.

  51. exp Angelica sinensis/

  52. Aloe/

  53. (Thymus adj officinalis).tw.

  54. Menthe piperita.tw.

  55. Arnica Montana.mp. or exp Arnica/

  56. Curcuma longa.mp. or exp Curcuma/

  57. exp Tanacetum parthenium/

  58. Harpagophytum procumbens.mp. or exp Harpagophytum/

  59. Zingiber officii.tw.

  60. or/34-59

  61. 28 and 33 and 60

  62. limit 61 to yr="2005 -Current"


CENTRAL

#1 MeSH descriptor Low Back Pain, this term only

#2 MeSH descriptor Back Pain, this term only

#3 backache

#4 lumbago

#5 (#1 OR #2 OR #3 OR #4)

#6 MeSH descriptor Drugs, Chinese Herbal explode all trees

#7 MeSH descriptor Plants, Medicinal explode all trees

#8 herbal

#9 phytomedicine

#10 herb*

#11 weed


#12 MeSH descriptor Algae explode all trees

#13 MeSH descriptor Fungi explode all trees

#14 MeSH descriptor Medicine, Traditional explode all trees

#15 MeSH descriptor Phytotherapy, this term only

#16 MeSH descriptor Pharmacognosy explode all trees

#17 Oriental NEXT traditional

#18 MeSH descriptor Medicine, Chinese Traditional, this term only

#19 Camphora NEXT molmo

#20 MeSH descriptor Capsicum, this term only

#21 MeSH descriptor Salix, this term only

#22 Maleluca NEXT alternifolia

#23 MeSH descriptor Angelica sinensis, this term only

#24 MeSH descriptor Aloe, this term only

#25 Thymus NEXT officinalis

#26 Menthe NEXT piperita

#27 MeSH descriptor Arnica, this term only

#28 Arnica NEXT Montana

#29 Curcuma NEXT longa

#30 MeSH descriptor Curcuma, this term only

#31 MeSH descriptor Tanacetum parthenium, this term only

#32 MeSH descriptor Harpagophytum, this term only

#33 Harpagophytum NEXT procumbens

#34 Zingiber NEXT officii

#35 (#6 OR #7 OR #8 OR #9 OR #10 OR #11 OR #12 OR #13 OR #14 OR #15 OR #16 OR #17 OR #18 OR #19 OR #20 OR #21 OR #22 OR #23 OR #24 OR #25 OR #26 OR #27 OR #28 OR #29 OR #30 OR #31 OR #32 OR #33 OR #34)

#36 (#5 AND #35)

#37 (#36), from 2005 to 2009 (Searched with limiter Clinical Trials)


CINAHL

S55 S54 and S28 and S32

S54 S33 or S34 or S35 or S36 or S37 or S38 or S39 or S40 or S41 or S42 or S43 or S44 or S45 or S46 or S47 or S48 or S49 or S50 or S51 or S52 or S53

S53 (MH "Devil's Claw")

S52 (MH "Feverfew")

S51 Curcuma longa

S50 (MH "Arnica")

S49 (MH "Aloe")

S48 (MH "Dong Quai")

S47 (MH "Willow Bark")

S46 ("Capsicum") or (MH "Cayenne Pepper")

S45 Camphora W1 molmol

S44 (MH "Medicine, Traditional")

S43 oriental W1 traditional

S42 Pharmacognosy

S41 ("Phytotherapy") or (MH "Medicine, Herbal")

S40 (MH "Medicine, Chinese Traditional")

S39 (MH "Fungi+")

S38 (MH "Algae+")

S37 "weed"

S36 herb*

S35 phytomedicine

S34 (MH "Plants, Medicinal+")

S33 (MH "Drugs, Chinese Herbal")

S32 S29 or S30 or S31

S31 "lumbago"

S30 "backache"

S29 ("low back pain") or (MH "Low Back Pain")

S28 S8 or S18 or S27

S27 S26 not (S18 or S8)

S26 S25 not S7

S25 S19 or S20 or S21 or S22 or S23 or S24

S24 (MH "Crossover Design")

S23 "Follow-up Studies"

S22 control* or prospective* or volunteer*

S21 (MH "Prospective Studies")

S20 (MH "Evaluation Research+")

S19 (MH "Comparative Studies")

S18 S17 not S8

S17 S16 not S7

S16 S9 or S10 or S11 or S12 or S13 or S14 or S15

S15 Latin W1 Square

S14 (MH "Study Design")

S13 random*

S12 placebo*

S11 (MH "Placebos")

S10 clinic* W2 trial*

S9 "clinical trial"

S8 S6 not S7

S7 (MH "Animals") not ("Human")

S6 S1 or S2 or S3 or S4 or S5

S5 "Single-Blind Method"

S4 "randomized controlled trial"

S3 "Double-Blind Method"



S2 (MH "Random Assignment")

S1 (MH "Clinical Trials+")


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