Appendix 1 Search Strategy




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eAddendum
Scianni A, Butler J, Ada L, Teixeira-Salmela LF (2009)
Muscle strengthening is not effective in children with cerebral palsy:

a systematic review



Australian Journal of Physiotherapy 55: 81–87
APPENDIX 1
Search Strategy



Databases: MEDLINE, EMBASE CINAHL
The search of MEDLINE, EMBASE CINAHL databases was optimised by using the terms recommended by the Cochrane Collaboration for the participants (cerebral palsy), and using the terms used in previous Cochrane reviews for the intervention (progressive resistance exercise, electrical stimulation, biofeedback) and outcomes (strength, activity).
Topic: Progressive resistance exercise

1. muscle spasticity.mp.

2. spastic$.mp.

3. cerebral palsy.mp.

4. cerebral pals$.mp.

5. hemiplegia.mp. or Hemiplegia/

6. quadriplegia.mp. or Quadriplegia/

7. hemiplegi$.mp.

8. Monoplegia.mp.

9. triplegia.mp.

10. quadriplegi$.mp.

11. 1 or 2 or 3 or 4 or 5 or 6 or 7 or 8 or 9 or 10

12. exercise.mp. or Exercise/

13. exercise therapy.mp. or Exercise Therapy/

14. exercise tolerance.mp. or Exertion/ or Exercise Tolerance/ or Exercise Test/

15. physical therapy.mp.

16. locomotion.mp. or Locomotion/

17. early ambulation.mp.

18. sports.mp. or Sports/

19. weight lifting.mp. or Weight Lifting/

20. isometric contraction/ or isotonic contraction.mp. [mp=title, original title, abstract, name of substance word, subject heading word]

21. ((training or conditioning) adj3 (intervention$ or protocol$ or program$ or activit$ or regim$)).mp. [mp=title, original title, abstract, name of substance word, subject heading word]

22. (exercise adj3 (train$ or intervention$ or protocol$ or program$ or therap$ or activit$ or regim$)).mp. [mp=title, original title, abstract, name of substance word, subject heading word]

23. (muscle strengthening or progressive resist$).mp. [mp=title, original title, abstract, name of substance word, subject heading word]

24. ((weight or strength$ or resistance) adj (train$ or lift$ or exercise$)).mp. [mp=title, original title, abstract, name of substance word, subject heading word]

25. ((isometric or isotonic or eccentric or concentric) adj (contraction$ or exercise$)).mp. [mp=title, original title, abstract, name of substance word, subject heading word]

26. or/12-25

27. randomized controlled trial.pt.

28. randomized controlled trials.mp. or Randomized Controlled Trial/

29. controlled clinical trials.pt.

30. controlled clinical trial.pt.

31. random allocation.mp. or Random Allocation/

32. single-blind method.mp. or Single-Blind Method/

33. clinical trial.pt.

34. exp clinical trial/

35. (clin$ adj5 trial$).mp. [mp=title, original title, abstract, name of substance word, subject heading word]

36. (clin$ adj5 trial$).mp. [mp=title, original title, abstract, name of substance word, subject heading word]

37. (single adj5 (blind$ or mask$)).mp. [mp=title, original title, abstract, name of substance word, subject heading word]

38. placebos.mp. or Placebos/

39. placebo$.mp. or Placebos/

40. random$.mp.

41. research design.mp. or Research Design/

42. multicenter study.pt.

43. intervention studies.mp. or Intervention Studies/

44. cross-over studies.mp. or Cross-Over Studies/

45. control$.tw.

46. alternate treatment.tw.

47. latin square.tw.

48. Comparative Study/

49. exp evaluation studies/

50. follow-up studies.mp. or Follow-Up Studies/

51. prospective studies.mp. or Prospective Studies/

52. prospective.tw.

53. counterbalance$.tw.

54. versus.tw.

55. or/27-54

56. 11 and 26 and 55

57. Adolescent/ or adolescent.mp.

58. child.mp.

59. 57 or 58

60. 56 and 59
Topic: Biofeedback

1. muscle spasticity.mp.

2. spastic$.mp.

3. cerebral palsy.mp.

4. cerebral pals$.mp.

5. hemiplegia.mp. or Hemiplegia/

6. quadriplegia.mp. or Quadriplegia/

7. hemiplegi$.mp.

8. Monoplegia.mp.

9. triplegia.mp.

10. quadriplegi$.mp.

11. 1 or 2 or 3 or 4 or 5 or 6 or 7 or 8 or 9 or 10

12. randomized controlled trial.pt.

13. randomized controlled trials.mp. or Randomized Controlled Trial/

14. controlled clinical trials.pt.

15. controlled clinical trial.pt.

16. random allocation.mp. or Random Allocation/

17. single-blind method.mp. or Single-Blind Method/

18. clinical trial.pt.

19. exp clinical trial/

20. (clin$ adj5 trial$).mp. [mp=title, original title, abstract, name of substance word, subject heading word]

21. (clin$ adj5 trial$).mp. [mp=title, original title, abstract, name of substance word, subject heading word]

22. (single adj5 (blind$ or mask$)).mp. [mp=title, original title, abstract, name of substance word, subject heading word]

23. placebos.mp. or Placebos/

24. placebo$.mp. or Placebos/

25. random$.mp.

26. research design.mp. or Research Design/

27. multicenter study.pt.

28. intervention studies.mp. or Intervention Studies/

29. cross-over studies.mp. or Cross-Over Studies/

30. control$.tw.

31. alternate treatment.tw.

32. latin square.tw.

33. Comparative Study/

34. exp evaluation studies/

35. follow-up studies.mp. or Follow-Up Studies/

36. prospective studies.mp. or Prospective Studies/

37. prospective.tw.

38. counterbalance$.tw.

39. versus.tw.

40. or/12-39

41. electromyography/

42. " biofeedback(psychology)"/ or feedback/ or feedback, psychological/

43. (electromyograph$ or electromyogram$ or EMG$).tw.

44. (biofeedback or feedback).tw.

45. or/41-44

46. (child or adolescent).mp. [mp=title, original title, abstract, name of substance word, subject heading word]

47. 11 and 40 and 45 and 46


Topic: Electrical Stimulation

1. muscle spasticity.mp.

2. spastic$.mp.

3. cerebral palsy.mp.

4. cerebral pals$.mp.

5. hemiplegia.mp. or Hemiplegia/

6. quadriplegia.mp. or Quadriplegia/

7. hemiplegi$.mp.

8. Monoplegia.mp.

9. triplegia.mp.

10. quadriplegi$.mp.

11. 1 or 2 or 3 or 4 or 5 or 6 or 7 or 8 or 9 or 10

12. randomized controlled trial.pt.

13. randomized controlled trials.mp. or Randomized Controlled Trial/

14. controlled clinical trials.pt.

15. controlled clinical trial.pt.

16. random allocation.mp. or Random Allocation/

17. single-blind method.mp. or Single-Blind Method/

18. clinical trial.pt.

19. exp clinical trial/

20. (clin$ adj5 trial$).mp. [mp=title, original title, abstract, name of substance word, subject heading word]

21. (clin$ adj5 trial$).mp. [mp=title, original title, abstract, name of substance word, subject heading word]

22. (single adj5 (blind$ or mask$)).mp. [mp=title, original title, abstract, name of substance word, subject heading word]

23. placebos.mp. or Placebos/

24. placebo$.mp. or Placebos/

25. random$.mp.

26. research design.mp. or Research Design/

27. multicenter study.pt.

28. intervention studies.mp. or Intervention Studies/

29. cross-over studies.mp. or Cross-Over Studies/

30. control$.tw.

31. alternate treatment.tw.

32. latin square.tw.

33. Comparative Study/

34. exp evaluation studies/

35. follow-up studies.mp. or Follow-Up Studies/

36. prospective studies.mp. or Prospective Studies/

37. prospective.tw.

38. counterbalance$.tw.

39. versus.tw.

40. or/12-39

41. electrical stimulation therapy.mp.

42. electroacupuncture.mp. or Electroacupuncture/

43. Transcutaneous Electric Nerve Stimulation/ or transcutaneous electric nerve stimulation.mp.

44. electric stimulation/

45. exp electrodes/

46. electrostimulation.tw.

47. electrotherapy.tw.

48. (tens or fes).tw.

49. (neuromuscular adj5 stimulat$).tw.

50. transcutaneous nerve stimulation.tw.

51. electroacupuncture.tw.

52. electrode$.tw.

53. (peroneal adj5 stimulat$).tw.

54. (electric$ adj5 stimulat$).tw.

55. or/41-54

56. (child or adolescent).mp. [mp=title, original title, abstract, name of substance word, subject heading word]

57. 11 and 40 and 55 and 56



DATABASE: PEDro
Search strategy: Advanced

Abstract and Title: Cerebral palsy

Therapy: Strength training

Subdiscipline: Paediatrics




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