Scientific research only; public access is restricted. No inhabitants allowed.
National Park (generally larger areas)
Recreational uses, education, species management and environmental rehabilitation; subsistence uses of wild resources are allowed as long as they are compatible with management objectives. Inhabitants prior to formal recognition are permitted, following this no new settlers. Core areas are defined for strict conservation.
Ecological Reserve (smaller areas)
Natural Outstanding Element (usually a geological formation)
Only those activities that do not harm the attribute to be protected. In general, research and managed tourism are permissible. Once formally declared no new inhabitants.
(to manage a particular species)
Only those activities that do not harm the attribute to be protected (i.e. scientific research, education etc.). In general, research and recreational use, in addition to intensive management interventions to protect target species or ecological communities. Once formally declared no new habitants.