Ahrc networks Database: Filming and Performing Renaissance History Ruth Abraham, Majella Devlin, Anne Holloway, Adele Lee Introduction




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AHRC Networks Database: Filming and Performing Renaissance History
Ruth Abraham, Majella Devlin, Anne Holloway, Adele Lee
Introduction
This database represents a collaborative production, written between 2007 and 2009, by postgraduates from the Schools of English and Literatures, Languages and Arts at Queen’s University, Belfast. We have organized materials into the following structural units: Feature Films, Television Series, Animated Series, Documentaries, Radio Plays, Theatrical Productions, Exhibitions, Games and CD Materials, Bibliography and Web Resources.
In meetings, we discussed the problems arising from the specificity of the dates 1500-1660. Should we include films depicting the Restoration set right at the end of this period despite a move away from specific constructions of Renaissance history? Should key figures such as Christopher Columbus be considered given that his discoveries played such an important role in the Renaissance, yet his voyage took place in 1492 and so is dated outside our timeframe? Should the database represent a global renaissance, a continental or a specifically English Renaissance? A combination of all three was suggested but, with this, came further problems regarding temporal considerations. Do we consider the beginning of the Italian Renaissance when its origin predates the proposed area or do we solely consider representations of the Italian Renaissance that fall within these parameters? We decided to look at events that took place within these dates, regardless of whether nation-states on the continental or global scale were experiencing their own Renaissance at this time. We also discussed including a separate section recording non-English performances of Renaissance history both in terms of native cultural reflection and of foreign depictions of the English Renaissance.
In terms of exhibitions, we noted the inclusion of Renaissance festivals (particularly American) as a medium for theatrical representation. We also discussed the problem of locating performances that were specifically set in the Renaissance and did not take the form of a modern adaptation. Currently, we have relied on recorded images and often our own judgment to determine whether or not the performance met our criteria.
The information provided is designed as a finding-aid to further materials. We have included as much information as possible in our entries; where fuller information is lacking, this has been noted. The section on Exhibitions has been arranged according to nation, institution and date. Materials in other sections have been arranged alphabetically.
Feature Films
Addio, Fratello Crudele / ’Tis Pity She’s a Whore (dir. Giuseppe Patroni, 1971). Clesi Cinematografica, 102 minutes, colour. Documents a disastrous incestuous relationship between a brother and sister in Renaissance Italy.
Adventures of Don Juan (dir. Vincent Sherman, 1948). Warner Bros. Pictures, 110 minutes, colour. A drama about the life and career of the fictional libertine.
The Affairs of Cellini (dir. Gregory La Cava, 1934). 20th Century Pictures, 80 minutes, black and white. Drama set in the sixteenth century about the sculptor Cellini who romances the Duchess of Florence.
The Agony and the Ecstasy (dir. Carol Reed, 1965). International Classics, 138 minutes, colour. A biographical account of Michelangelo’s endeavour to paint the Sistine Chapel.
Aguirre, der Zorn Gottes (dir. Werner Herzog, 1972). Hessischer Rundfunk, 93 minutes, colour. A drama set in sixteenth-century Spain which traces the ambitions of the ruthless Don Aguirre figure and his search for El Dorado.
América, Terra Incógnita (dir. Digo Risquez, 1988). Cuakamaya Productions, 98 minutes, colour. Set in the Spanish court following the discovery of America, the film portrays the baptism of a Caribbean Indian.
Amours de la Reine Elizabeth (dir. Henri Desfontaines, Louis Mercanton, 1912). Company unknown, 52 minutes, silent, black and white. This film was based on a play by Émile Moreau and starred Sarah Bernhardt; it documents the relationship between Essex and Elizabeth and his execution for treason.
Anne Boleyn (dir. Ernst Lubitsch, 1920). Messter Film, 100 minutes, black and white. A German made silent film which tells the story of the second Queen of Henry VIII, whose marriage instigated religious and political upheaval in England.
Anne of the Thousand Days (dir. Charles Jarrott, 1969). Hal Wallis Productions, 145 minutes, colour. Centres on the politically tumultuous events resulting from the marriage of Henry VIII to his second wife, Anne Boleyn.
Anno Domini (dir. Vatroslav Mimica, 1976). Yugoslavia, 150 minutes, colour.

The tale of a peasant revolt in the Croat/Slovene lands in 1573.


As You Like It (dir. Paul Czinner, 1936). Inter-Allied, 96 minutes, black and white. Renaissance costume drama based on Shakespeare’s play.

Beatrice Cenci (dir. Lucio Fulci, 1969). Filmena, 99 minutes, colour. Set in sixteenth-century Italy, the film concerns a young noblewoman who rallies support from her lover and family to seek revenge against her abusive father.

Black Robe (dir. Bruce Beresford, 1991). Alliance Communications Corporation, 101 minutes, colour. A film about a Jesuit priest who voyages through the wilderness of Quebec in the seventeenth century.
The Canterville Ghost (dir. Jules Dassin, 1944). Loew’s Company, 95 minutes, black and white. Cowardly forgoing a duel in the 1660s, Sir Simon of Canterville is sentenced to live life as a ghost in the family castle. Hope comes in the figure of Cuffy Williams, his relative, who was bequeathed the estate in 1943.
Captain from Castille (dir. Henry King, 1947). Twentieth Century-Fox Films Corporation, 140 minutes, colour. Film set in 1518 Spain which traces the turbulence of the Inquisition.

Cardinal Richelieu (dir. Rowland V. Lee, 1935). 20th Century Pictures, 81 minutes, black and white. A film about the life of Cardinal Richelieu and his political role in seventeenth-century France.

Carry on Henry (dir. Gerald Thomas, 1971). The Rank Organisation, 89 minutes, colour. Bawdy comedy about Henry VIII and his anxious desire to consummate his marriage to Marie of Normandy.

Chinmoku (dir. Masahiro Shinoda, 1971). Hyogensha-Mako International, 129 minutes, colour. Adapted from the renowned novel by Shusaku Endo, this drama explores the cultural conflict resulting from the arrival of Jesuit missionaries in seventeenth-century Japan.

Christopher Columbus (dir. David MacDonald, 1949). Gainsborough Pictures, 104 minutes, colour. A film about the expeditions of Christopher Columbus.
Christopher Columbus: The Discovery (dir. John Glen, 1992). Quinto Centenario, 120 minutes, colour. A film about the Genoan navigator Christopher Columbus who searches for an alternative route to the Indies and finds himself in uncharted seas.
Cromwell (dir. Ken Hughes, 1970). Irving Allen Productions, 139 minutes, colour. A drama about Oliver Cromwell’s role in the English Civil War.

Cry of the Banshee (dir. Gordon Hessler, 1970). American International Pictures, 91 minutes, colour. Horror film set in Elizabethan England, in which a wicked lord massacres a coven of witches.

Cyrano de Bergerac (dir. Jean-Paul Rappeneau, 1990). Caméra One, 137 minutes, colour. A tale of love and mistaken identity set in the seventeenth century. Romantic poet and officer Bergerac is prevented from declaring his love to Roxanne because he feels his large nose will thwart his chances.
Cyrano de Bergerac (dir. Michael Gordon, 1950). Stanley Kramer Productions, 112 minutes, black and white. A drama about a soldier and poet who desires a young lady. Her affections, however, lie with the more attractive yet inarticulate figure of Christian.
Dangerous Beauty (dir. Marshall Herskovitz, 1998). Bedford Falls Productions, 111 minutes, colour. Set in sixteenth-century Venice, this film tells the story of ill-fated love between a courtesan and her wealthy suitor.
Das Herz der Königin (dir. Carl Froelich, 1940). Carl-Froelich-Films, 103 minutes, black and white. German-made film which focuses on Mary Stuart and the rifts between Catholic and Protestant forces in Renaissance England.
Diane (dir. David Miller, 1956). Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (MGM), 110 minutes, colour. A tale of love and intrigue set in sixteenth-century France.
Dorothy Vernon of Haddon Hall (dir. Marshall Neilan, 1924). Mary Pickford Company, 135 minutes, black and white. Set in the year 1550, this film chronicles the events surrounding the arranged marriage of Dorothy Vernon to John Manners, the son of the Earl of Rutland.
Drake of England (dir. Arthur B. Woods. 1935). British International Pictures, 96 minutes, black and white. A drama about the famous seamen who lived during the reign of Elizabeth I.
El Greco (dir. Luciano Salce, 1966). Produzioni Artistiche Internazionali, 95 minutes, colour. A film about the painter’s life in Toledo. Set against the backdrop of the Spanish Inquisition.
Elizabeth (dir. Shekhar Kapur, 1998). Channel Four Films, 124 minutes, colour. A drama about the early life and reign of Queen Elizabeth I.
Elizabeth: The Golden Age (dir. Shekhar Kapur, 2007). Motion Pictures ZETA Productions, 114 minutes, colour. This film chronicles Elizabeth’s imperial expansion and examines her intense relationship with Sir Walter Raleigh.
England, My England (dir. Tony Palmer, 1995). Ladbroke Productions, 158 minutes, colour. A drama about the life of seventeenth-century English composer, Henry Purcell.
Ever After: A Cinderella Story (dir. Andy Tennant, 1998). Twentieth Century Fox Film Corporation, 121 minutes, colour. A feminist rendition of the classic Cinderella tale with Renaissance overtones.
The Execution of Mary, Queen of Scots (dir. Alfred Clark, 1895). Edison Manufacturing Company, 1 minute, black and white. A short film depicting the execution of Mary Queen of Scots.
Fire Over England (dir. William K. Howard, 1937). London Film Productions, 92 minutes, black and white. A drama about the political strife between England and Spain in the year 1588.

Flesh and Blood (dir. Paul Verhoeven, 1985). Impala, S.A., 126 minutes, colour. Set against the backdrop of plague in the sixteenth-century, the film concerns a group of knights who battle for love and honour.

Furin Kazan (dir. Hiroshi Inagaki, 1969). Mifune Productions Co. Ltd., 165 minutes, colour. Set in sixteenth-century feudal Japan, this drama centres on a young samurai who dreams of a country united in peace. The film traces his efforts to realize this ambition.

Galileo (dir. Joseph Losey, 1975). Cinévision Ltée, 145 minutes, colour. A drama about the life of the seventeenth-century founder of modern science.
Girl with a Pearl Earring (dir. Peter Webber, 2003). Archer Street Productions, 100 minutes, colour. A young peasant maid influences the work of seventeenth-century Dutch painter Vermeer.
Hamlet (dir. Laurence Olivier, 1948). Two Cities Films, 155 minutes, black and white. Renaissance costume drama based on Shakespeare’s play.
Hamlet (dir. Franco Zeffirelli, 1990). Canal+, 130 minutes, colour. Based on Shakespeare’s play in which the morose Hamlet figure revenges his father’s death.
Henry VIII (dir. William G.B. Baker, 1911). Baker Motion Photography, 25 minutes, black and white. Silent film based on the play by William Shakespeare.
Henry VIII and His Six Wives (dir. Waris Hussein, 1973). Anglo-EMI, 125 minutes, colour. A drama which imagines Henry VIII remembering his long reign from his death-bed. A film version of the television series.
Hwang Jin-Yi (dir. Yoon-Hyun Chang, 2007). Cine-2000 Film Production, 141 minutes, colour. A drama about the life of the famous entertainer, Hwang Jin-Yi, who lived in sixteenth-century Korea.

I Picari (dir. Mario Monicelli, 1988). Clemi Cinematografica, 121 minutes, colour. A tale set in sixteenth-century Spain about two prisoners aboard a battleship who escape and become officers.

Il Dominatore dei sette mari (dir. Rudolph Maté and Primo Zeglio, 1962). Adelphia Compagnia Cinematografica, 102 minutes, colour. A drama about Sir Francis Drake’s expedition to the New World.
The King Maker (dir. Lek Kitaparaporn, 2005). Alpha Beta Films International, 100 minutes, colour. Tells the story of Fernando de Gama, who sets sail from Portugal in 1547 to avenge his father’s death.

Koroglu (dir. Atif Yilman, 1968). Ugur, colour. Sixteenth-century Ottoman relations are explored in this film.

La Congiura dei dieci (dir. Baccio Bandini, 1962). Compagnia Cinematografica Montoro, 95 minutes, colour. Tale of love and betrayal set against the backdrop of sixteenth-century Tuscany.

La Venexiana (dir. Mauro Bolognini, 1986). Lux International, 102 minutes, colour. A drama set in sixteenth-century Venice in which Giulio, a foreign gentleman, has an affair with two beautiful women.

Lady Jane (dir. Trevor Nunn, 1986). Capital Equipment Leasing, 142 minutes, colour. Film documents events after the death of Henry VIII and comments on the political uncertainty of losing his successor Edward.

Lady Jane Grey; Or, The Court of Intrigue (dir. Edwin Greenwood, 1923). British and Colonial Kinematograph Company, black and white. Silent film about the life of Lady Jane Grey.

L’Arciere Nero (dir. Piero Pierotti, 1959). Diamante, 75 minutes, colour. Historical drama set in Renaissance Italy featuring archery.

Le Retour de Martin Guerre (dir. Daniel Vigne, 1982). Dessault, 122 minutes, colour. Film set in sixteenth-century France. After disappearing for some years, Martin Guerre returns to his village as a changed man. The locals suspect he is a stranger and is placed on trial as an impostor.

Les Amours de la reine Elizabeth (dir. Henri Desfontaines and Louis Mercanton, 1912). 44 minutes, black and white. The film captures the intense relationship shared by Elizabeth I of England and the Earl of Essex. Sarah Bernhardt stars as the Queen.

Les Perles de la couronne (dir. Christian-Jaque and Sacha Guitry, 1937). Cinéas, 118 minutes, black and white. A film about the lost pearls of Mary Queen of Scots. The drama investigates the history surrounding the three undiscovered pearls from 1587 to the present.
The Libertine (dir. Lawrence Dunmore, 2004). Mr Mudd, 114 minutes, colour. A drama about the life of seventeenth-century English poet John Wilmot and his love for the actress Elizabeth Barry.
The Lost Princess (dir. Duncan Pace, 2005). Blind Dog Entertainment, 75 minutes, colour. Two Spanish champions, Don Juan and Esmerelda, along with Don Juan's sidekick, Miguel, dance and joke their way through a swashbuckling Renaissance adventure.
The Loves of Mary Queen of Scots (dir. Denison Clift, 1923). Ideal, black and white. Silent film about the ill-fated Queen.
Luther (dir. Eric Till, 2003). Eikon Films, 123 minutes, colour. Biography of the sixteenth-century priest who led the Christian Reformation.
A Man for All Seasons (dir. Fred Zinnemann, 1966). Highland Films, 120 minutes, colour. This film concentrates on religious struggles in England during the Reformation and Sir Thomas More’s opposition to the break with the Catholic Church.
Mary, Queen of Scots (dir. Charles Jarrott, 1972). Universal Pictures, 128 minutes, colour. A drama about the relationship between the Mary Stuart of Scotland and Elizabeth I.

Mary, Queen of Scots (dir. Phillip Noyce, 2008). Relativity Media, colour. A drama about the life and reign of Mary I of Scotland.
Mary of Scotland (dir. John Ford, 1936). RKO Radio Pictures, 123 minutes, black and white. A film about the life and reign of Mary Stuart, Queen of Scotland.

The Merchant of Venice (dir. Michael Radford, 2004). Sony Pictures Classics, 138 minutes, colour. Set in sixteenth-century Venice, this film tells of love, loss, betrayal and dishonour.

Mickey, Donald, Goofy: The Three Musketeers (dir. Donovan Cook, 2004). DisneyToon Studios, 68 minutes, colour. Animation film about the adventures of three small-time janitors and their hopes of becoming musketeers.

Mickey’s Musketeers (dir. Albert Herman, 1930). Larry Darmour Productions, 18 minutes, black and white. Adventures of the musketeers.

Mihai Viteazul (dir. Sergiu Nicolaescu, 1970). Romania Film, 107 minutes, colour. An epic biography of the king who fought against Ottoman control and united three provinces into the country of Romania in the seventeenth century.

Miyamoto Musashi kanketsuhen: kettô Ganryûjima (dir. Hiroshi Ingaki, 1956). Toho Company, 105 minutes, colour. A drama set in seventeenth-century Japan about love and honour.

Miyamoto Musashi (dir. Hiroshi Inagaki, 1954). Toho Company, 93 minutes, colour. Explores issues dealing with love, arranged marriage and familial duty in seventeenth-century Japan.

Molière (dir. Laurent Tirard, 2007). Fidélité Productions, 120 minutes, colour. Charts the aspiring career of seventeenth-century playwright Molière who was eventually given a theatre in Paris by the king.
Molière (dir. Ariane Mnouchkine, 1978). Les Films 13, 260 minutes, colour. A drama about the career of the French seventeenth-century playwright.
The Musketeer (dir. Peter Hyams, 2001). MDP Worldwide, 104 minutes, colour. Set in seventeenth-century Paris, the film charts the narrative of the debonair swordsman D’Artagnan who finds himself caught up in the fray of civil unrest.
Nell Gwyn (dir. Herbert Wilcox, 1934). British and Dominions Film Corporation, 85 minutes, black and white. A drama about Nell Gwyn and a French-born Duchess, who are rivals for the affection of King Charles II.
The New World (dir. Terrence Malick, 2005). New Line Cinema, 135 minutes, colour. A drama about the explorer John Smith and the violent encounters between English colonial settlers in seventeenth-century Virginia and the Native Americans.
Ninja bugei-cho (dir. Nagisa Oshima, 1967). Oshima Productions, 135 minutes, black and white. An animation adventure set in sixteenth-century Japan.
Nostradamus (dir. Roger Christian, 1994). Allied Entertainment Group PLC, 119 minutes, colour. Biography of the famed sixteenth-century astrologer, physician and prognosticator.
Orlando (dir. Sally Potter, 1992). Adventure Pictures, 93 minutes, colour. A tale about a nobleman who is commanded by Elizabeth I to remain forever young. The film traces the life and relationships of Orlando as he passes through history.

Othello (dir. Oliver Parker, 1995). Castle Rock Entertainment, 123 minutes, colour. A drama set in sixteenth-century Venice which tells the story of how Iago brings about the demise of Othello and Desdemona.

Othello (dir. Dimitri Buchowetzki, 1922). Worner-Filmgesellschaft, 85 minutes, black and white. Silent film based on Shakespeare’s play and using Renaissance costume.

The Other Boleyn Girl (dir. Justin Chadwick, 2008). BBC Films, colour. Two sisters compete for the affections of Henry VIII.

The Pit and the Pendulum (dir. Roger Corman, 1961). Alta Vista Productions, 80 minutes, colour. A drama about Nicolas Medina, the son of a depraved torturer involved in the Spanish Inquisition.
Pocahontas (dir. Mike Gabriel and Eric Goldberg, 1995). Walt Disney Feature Animation, 81 minutes, colour. Tells the tale of a romance between the daughter of a Native American tribe chief and an English colonist who invaded Virginia in the sixteenth century.
The Prince and the Pauper (dir. William Keighley, 1937). First National Pictures, 118 minutes, black and white. A film based on Mark Twain’s novel. It tells the story of Edward, the only son of Henry VIII who trades places with a boy from the slums of London.
The Prince and the Pauper: The Pauper King (dir. Don Chaffey, 1962). Walt Disney Pictures, 93 minutes, colour. Based on Mark Twain’s novel, this film is set in Tudor London and narrates the tale of how a prince changes place with a pauper.
Prince of Foxes (dir. Henry King, 1949). Twentieth Century-Fox Film Corporation, 107 minutes, black and white. A tale of love and betrayal set in 1500. This film focuses on Duke Cesare Borgia’s intent to conquest central Italy.
The Private Life of Henry VIII (dir. Alexander Korda, 1933). London Film Productions, 97 minutes, black and white. A film about the life and reign of Henry VIII.
The Private Lives of Elizabeth and Essex (dir. Michael Curtiz, 1939). Warner Bros. Pictures, 106 minutes, colour. This drama documents the tumultuous affair between Elizabeth I and Robert Devereux.
Queen Christina (dir. Rouben Mamoulian, 1934). Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (MGM), 97 minutes, black and white. A drama about the life of Queen Christina and her role as a protector of Sweden. Stars Greta Garbo.

Rembrandt (dir. Charles Matton, 1999). Argus Film Produktie, 104 minutes, colour. A drama about the life and career of Rembrandt.

Rembrandt (dir. Alexander Korda, 1936). London Film Productions, 85 minutes, black and white. Set in 1642, this drama focuses on the pinnacle of Rembrandt’s career and documents how the death of his wife had a profound effect on his work.

Renaissance Giro (dir. David Jackson Willis, forthcoming 2009). In production. An overly serious 18-year-old girl is forced to work at a ‘Renaissance Faire’ in order to pay for college. The chaotic and playful nature of the ‘Faire’ challenges the girl’s rigid ideas about life and love.

The Return of the Musketeers (dir. Richard Lester, 1989). Ciné 5, 102 minutes, colour. The musketeers are summoned out of retirement to rescue Queen Anne from the scheming Cardinal Mazarin.
Rikyu (dir. Hiroski Teshigahara, 1989). C. Ito and Company Ltd., 135 minutes, colour. Set in late sixteenth-century Japan, this film tells the story of an ageing tea master who teaches the way of tea to a headstrong Shogun.
The Road to El Dorado (dir. Bibo Bergeron and Will Finn, 2000). DreamWorks, 89 minutes, colour. A tale about two tricksters who go in search of the lost city of gold in 1519.
Romeo and Juliet (dir. Franco Zeffirelli, 1968). BHE Films, 138 minutes, colour. Drama documents the ill-fated path of star-crossed lovers Romeo and Juliet. Uses Renaissance costume.
Romeo and Juliet (dir. Paul Czinner, 1966). Poetic Films, 124 minutes, colour. Ballet based on Shakespeare’s play.
Romeo and Juliet (dir. Renato Castellani, 1954). The Rank Organisation, 138 minutes, colour. The tale of star-crossed lovers caught-up in the fray of family feuding. Uses Renaissance costume.
Rosencranz and Guildernstern are Dead (dir. Tom Stoppard, 1990). Brandenberg, 117 minutes, colour. Comedy based on two minor characters from Shakespeare’s Hamlet.
The Sea Hawk (dir. Michael Curtiz, 1940). An adventure film about an Englishman turned pirate. It is set against the backdrop of the Spanish Armada.
Shakespeare in Love (dir. John Madden, 1999). Bedford Falls Productions, 123 minutes, colour. A comedy in which Will Shakespeare finds love and artistic inspiration in a would-be actress.
Shichinin no samurai (dir. Akira Kurosawa, 1954). Toho Company, 190 minutes, black and white. Set in sixteenth-century Japan, the film tells the story of a veteran samurai who musters six other samurai to teach a village the ways of defence.
Shinobi (dir Ten Shimoyama, 2005). Shochiku Kinema Kenkyû-jo, 107 minutes, colour. Martial arts film set in seventeenth-century Japan about the Shinobi warriors of the Manjidani Koga and Tsubagakure Iga clans.
Solomon Kane (dir. Michael J, Bassett, 2008). Davis-Films, colour. A drama concentrating on the Reformation in sixteenth-century England.
A Spasso nel Tempo (dir. Carlo Vanzina, 1997). Filmauro, 90 minutes, colour.

A time travel comedy in which two heroes visit Lorenzo de Medici’s Florence as well as many other places and time periods.


Stage Beauty (dir. Richard Eyre, 2004). Qwerty Films, 106 minutes, colour. A drama about the debut of the Restoration English stage actress in 1660. It also comments on the changing dynamics of staging femininity.
The Sword and the Rose (dir. Ken Annakin, 1953). Walt Disney Productions, 92 minutes, colour. An adventure film about Mary Tudor’s troubled path to true love.
The Taming of the Shrew (dir. Franco Zeffirelli, 1967). F.A.I., 122 minutes, colour. The film charts how sparring partners Katherina and Petruchio fall in love. Uses Renaissance costume.

The Taming of the Shrew (dir. Edwin Collins, 1923). British and Colonial Kinematograph, 10 minutes, black and white. Set in the sixteenth-century, the story is based on Shakespeare’s play.

The Three Musketeers (dir. Stephen Herek, 1993). Walt Disney Pictures, 105 minutes, colour. Three disbanded musketeers join D’Artagnan to prevent Cardinal Richelieu from securing an alliance with England.
The Three Musketeers (dir. Richard Lester, 1973). Anchor Bay, 105 minutes, colour. Tells the tale of a group of musketeers joining forces to oppose the growing influence of Cardinal Richelieu.
The Three Musketeers (dir. George Sidney, 1948). Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (MGM), 125 minutes, colour. The musketeers arm against Richelieu and his plans to usurp the power of the king of France.

The Three Musketeers (dir. Allan Dwan, 1939). Twentieth Century-Fox Film Corporation, 73 minutes, black and white. A parodic remake of the story of the young Gascon D'Artagnan who arrives in Paris and has his heart set on joining the king’s Musketeers.

The Three Musketeers (dir. Fred Niblo, 1921). Douglas Fairbanks Pictures Corporation, 119 minutes, black and white. Silent film about D’Artagnan and his ambition to join the musketeers.

The Tragedy of Othello: The Moor of Venice (dir. Orson Welles, 1952). Mercury Productions, 90 minutes, black and white. Historical drama based on Shakespeare’s tale of love and deception. Uses Renaissance costume.

The True Story of Sawney Beane (dir. Elizabeth Hobbs, 2005). National Film Board of Canada, 11 minutes, colour. An animation film set in sixteenth-century Scotland about Young Sawney Beane who seeks out a life adventure.

Tudor Rose (dir. Robert Stevenson, 1936). Gainsborough Pictures, 78 minutes, black and white. Documents Lady Jane Grey’s life and brief reign as monarch of England.
Ugetsu monogatari (dir. Kenji Mizoguchi, 1953). Daiei Productions, 94 minutes, black and white. A drama about two peasants who wish to make their fortune during the civil wars in sixteenth-century Japan.
Valmont (dir. Milos Forman, 1989). Burrill Productions, 137 minutes, colour. Set in Baroque France, this film is a tale of love and betrayal. A widow and her lover plot the demise of a recently married woman.

The Virgin Queen (dir. J. Stuart Blackton, 1923). J. Stuart Blackton Feature Pictures Inc., black and white. A silent film capturing the life and reign of Elizabeth I.

The Virgin Queen (dir. Henry Koster, 1955). Twentieth Century-Fox Film Corporation, 92 minutes, colour. A drama about the relationship between Queen Elizabeth and Walter Raleigh.

Winstanley (dir. Kevin Brownlow, 1975). Image Entertainment, 92 minutes, black and white. Film based on the life of Gerrard Winstanley and the Digger movement in 1640s’ England.

When Knighthood Was in Flower (dir. Robert G. Vignola, 1922). Cosmopolitan Productions, black and white. A silent film which tells the fanciful story of Mary Tudor’s tumultuous quest to find true love.

Young Bess (dir. George Sidney, 1953). Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (MGM), 112 minutes, colour. A drama which chronicles the life of Queen Elizabeth I before she acceded to the throne.

Zoku Miyamoto Musashi: Ichijôji no kettô (dir. Hiroshi Inagaki, 1955). Toho Company, 104 minutes, colour. A drama set in the seventeenth century about Takezo, Japan’s greatest fencer.
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