Adopted by The 5th apt wireless Forum Meeting 26 – 29 August 2008 Macao, China First Revision at The 7th apt wireless Forum Meeting




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APT REPORT
on
APT survey Report on

OPERATION OF SHORT-RANGE DEVICES (SRDs)
No. APT/AWG/REP-07 (Rev.2)

Edition: September 2012



Adopted by

The 5th APT Wireless Forum Meeting

26 – 29 August 2008

Macao, China

First Revision at

The 7th APT Wireless Forum Meeting

23 – 26 September 2009

Phuket, Thailand
Second Revision at

The 13th APT Wireless Group Meeting

12 – 15 September 2012

Da Nang, Socialist Republic of Vietnam



ASIA-PACIFIC TELECOMMUNITY







The APT Wireless Group










Source: AWG-13/OUT-07(Rev.1)
APT survey Report on

OPERATION OF SHORT-RANGE DEVICES (SRDs)
I. Introduction
It is necessary to share the regulatory information regarding operation of SRDs among APT member countries as early as possible, in order to facilitate the market access by equipment vendors.
To better understand the frequency bands that have been opened up for SRD operations, the survey has undertaken on the technical and procedural regulations of Short-Range Devices (SRDs) on 19 March 2008. The objective of the survey on the technical regulations is to determine, among other technical requirements, the operating specifications of SRDs across different types of applications. For procedural regulations, the key focus is on the type approval process, MRA arrangement, licensing requirements, operating parameters as well as future policies. Details of the survey questionnaire can be found in Annex 1.
The Administrations from Brunei Darussalam, China, Hong Kong China, Japan, Korea (Rep. of), Malaysia, Philippines, New Zealand, Singapore and Vietnam responded to the survey. Technical regulations stipulated in respective member countries are appended in Annex 2. The survey compilation of this document may be helpful for APT member countries in preparing their national contributions and activities to the ITU-R Working Party 1B which develops and updates the Report ITU-R SM.2153-21 on “Technical and operating parameters and spectrum use for short range radiocommunication devices” under the Resolution ITU-R 54-12 on the ‘Studies to achieve harmonization for short-range devices (SRDs). In addition, the APT member countries wishing to formulate their national regulations for SRDs could consider this compilation as a guide.
II. Scope
This Report provides information on the type approval process, MRA arrangement, licensing requirements, operating parameters as well as future policies in Asia Pacific region based on the survey results.

III. Survey Results


Q1. State the radio equipment type approval process and related certification and verification bodies




a. Brunei Darussalam

b. China

Type Approval is obligatory for all the SRDs. SRDs should be tested by qualified test body for conformity with technical regulations or requirements. Ministry of Industry and Information Technology is the only certification authority for Type Approval. Only the type-approved short range devices can be used legally in China.


c. Hong Kong

Nil
d. Japan

Please refer to http://www.tele.soumu.go.jp/e/sys/equ/tech/index.htm.
e. Republic of Korea

All the SRDs are subject of Type registration. They should be tested by designated test body for conformity with technical regulations or requirements. The certification body is Radio Research Laboratory. The Korea Communications Commission Notification (KCC Notification) “Regulations on type approval and type registration for broadcasting and communication equipments”.


f. Malaysia

Radio equipment must be certified by SIRIM which is at the moment the only certifying agency appointed by SKMM. Certification is divided into Type Approval & Special Approval. In general all equipment for sale in this country must be type approved. However if equipments are imported for exclusive use by the applicant for temporary period or for private usage, the equipment can be considered for Special Approval certification. This is normally applicable for equipment to be used for trial, exhibition, R&D and training. 


g. New Zealand

New Zealand and Australia have established similar self-declaration processes for the certification of SRD products. The supplier of the SRD product to the market (New Zealand or Australia) is registered with the regulator and provided with an identification code. In New Zealand the SRD product must meet a prescribed Standard, with the supplier maintaining a compliance folder with a description of the product and a declaration of compliance with an appropriate Standard. For products designated as moderate spectrum risk (level of conformity 2) the compliance folder must include a test report or other documented performance specifications, and for high spectrum risk (level of conformity 3) there must be a test report from an accredited testing body. The product must be labeled with the New Zealand supplier identification code when placed on the New Zealand market, except for some 2.4GHz and 5.8GHz SRD products declared and labeled for the Australian market which are deemed acceptable in New Zealand.


h. Philippines

Only type-approved and/or accepted Short Range Devices (SRDs) shall be allowed for use in the country.


i. Singapore

Equipment registration shall be based on the submission of the Supplier’s Declaration of Conformity (SDoC) to signify that the supplier has carried out conformity assessment on the equipment to IDA’s Technical Specifications. All registration requests can be made on-line via http://tls.ida.gov.sg under Equipment Registration group, using one of the following two equipment registration selections:




  1. Equipment Registration for ISM-band Short Range Devices/Lowe Power Devices;

  2. Telecommunication Equipment Registration

For Telecommunication Equipment Registration, the supplier may select one of the following two schemes to register:




  1. Simplified Equipment Registration, SER (Self-declaration);

  2. General Equipment Registration, GER (Declaration certified by an IDA recognized body or evaluated by IDA)


j. Vietnam

Only type-approved and/or accepted SRDs shall be allowed for use in the Vietnam. For more information, please refer to Decision 45/2006/QD-BBCVT of Minister of Post and Telematics on promulgating "The list of products subject to specialized management by the Ministry of Posts and Telematics and compulsory to be type-approved" 1



Q2. State the mutual Recognition Arrangement with other countries/regions




a. Brunei Darussalam

Currently AITI has no mutual agreement with other country. However AITI is working with Singapore to finalise the MRA between the two countries.


b. China

Currently, MIIT has no mutual Recognition Arrangement with other countries/regions.


c. Hong Kong

Nil


d. Japan

(1) EC


(2) Singapore

(3) USA
e. Republic of Korea

Korea has entered into MRA with Canada, United States and Vietnam. The test reports from designated laboratories of those countries should be recognized.
f. Malaysia

On 28 January 2005, Malaysia has sealed a bilateral agreement on MRA for telecommunications equipment with Singapore. The signing means that both countries to recognise each other’s equipment conformity testing processes by removing duplicative testing procedures and reducing cost and time required to bring telecommunications equipment into both markets. This is the Phase I of the bilateral MRA where both countries will first accept equipment test reports issued by accredited test laboratories recognised by each country.

The MRA is under ATRC(ASEAN Telecommunications Regulators’ Council) JSC (Joint Sectoral Committee) MRA.

g. New Zealand

New Zealand has entered into mutual recognition agreements for accredited testing bodies with Australia, members of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation Group, China, members of the European Union, Singapore and Taiwan



h. Philippines

SRDs shall be subject to one time registration prior to use and shall bear National Telecommunications Commission (NTC) registration number issued by the Commission for proper identification. The Commission shall device a standard numbering scheme for the registration of SRDs.


i. Singapore

Equipment that has been certified by the following MRA partners can enter directly into Singapore market without the need for re-certification: Australia, Brunei, Canada, Chinese Taipei, Hong Kong, India, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia and United States.


j. Vietnam

Vietnam has entered into MRA with Korea, USA.



Q3. State the licensing requirements; whether subject to general licence or individual licence.




a. Brunei Darussalam

No license is required for the usage of the SRDs except for certain frequency band that uses high power. However, “dealer license” is required for companies who sells and distribute these devices. In addition, the short range devices need to be type approval (based on the above technical conditions) before it can be sold and used.


b. China

Individual license is not required for SRDs in China.


c. Hong Kong

Nil


d. Japan

Radio stations with antenna power of 1 watt or less which operate without causing interference with or disturbance to the operation of other radio stations under certain conditions,

and which exclusively use Radio Equipment with Conformity Mark.
e. Republic of Korea

All the SRDs are exempted from individual license in Korea.


f. Malaysia

Generally, the licensing of SRD are via Class Assignment (please refer to http://www.skmm.gov.my/what_we_do/spectrum/assign.asp) subject to the specified technical requirements stipulated in the Notification Of Issuance Of Class Assignments


g. New Zealand

In addition to standards conformance the product must also meet the appropriate general license requirements (see http://www.rsm.govt.nz/cms/licensing/types-of-licence/general-user-licences/short-range-devices/ ).


h. Philippines

Only duly accredited radio dealers/manufacturers shall buy, sell and carry on stocks SRDs that are legally imported, type-approved/accepted, and registered with the Commission, and the same shall be included in their sales and stocks report. However, any individual/entity intending to use, purchase, import SRDs may be allowed provided that the equipment are type-approved/accepted and shall be registered with the Commission.


i. Singapore

Generally, all SRDs operating within IDA’s technical specifications are licence-exempted.


j. Vietnam

All the SRDs operating within technical specifications of Ministry of Information and Communications (MIC) are exempted from license in Vietnam.



Q4. State the special operating parameters or conditions for SRDs.




a. Brunei Darussalam

Only subject to the technical conditions stated above.


b. China

Only the type-approved short range devices can be used legally in China.


c. Hong Kong

Nil
d. Japan

Required parameters or conditions varies from system to system.
e. Republic of Korea

SRDs for relaying communications and broadcasting services should be installed by the related service provider or the identities in the contract with the related service provider.


f. Malaysia

Special operating parameters or conditions for SRDs

Please refer to http://www.skmm.gov.my/registers/cma/ClassAssignment/pdf/Class%20Assign-BI-register.pdf
g. New Zealand

The operating conditions for SRDs are contained within the general license mentioned above e.g. shall not cause interference, and shall not claim interference from other licensed services, indoor vs indoor/outdoor use, particular bands may be used only for particular applications.


h. Philippines

Duly accredited radio dealers/manufacturers shall register with the Commission all imported SRDs not later than 5 days upon release from the Bureau of Customs.


i. Singapore

Short range devices are intended for communications in confined areas of buildings as well as for localized on-site operations. The operation of SRD shall not cause interference with other authorized radio-communication services, and be able to tolerate any interference caused by other radio-communication services, electrical or electronic equipment. Also, the SRD shall be marked with the supplier/manufacturer’s model or type reference. The markings shall be legible, indelible and readily visible.


j. Vietnam

All the SRDs operating within MIC’s technical specifications shall not cause interference, and shall not claim interference from other licensed devices. The current MIC’s technical specifications regulation is Decision 47/2006/QD-BBCVT of 29/11/20062.



Q5. State the future policy regarding licensing framework for SRDs (if any)




a. Brunei Darussalam

Nil
b. China

Nil
c. Hong Kong

Nil
d. Japan

Nothing particular
e. Republic of Korea

Nothing available


f. Malaysia

Nil
g. New Zealand

The current SRD licensing and certification arrangement is regularly reviewed, with particular emphasis on harmonization with Australia.
h. Philippines

Nil
i. Singapore

SRD licensing framework will be reviewed periodically, with the aim to streamline licensing processes and relax technical conditions where appropriate.
j. Vietnam

The SRDs regulations in Vietnam is now being revised. New frequency bands may be open for SRDs.



IV. Conclusions
Overall, the survey results have provided useful information on the regulatory and technical regulations established in the APT member countries, which now serve as a good reference for other administrations intending to open up more frequency bands for SRDs. As technical regulations differ among the countries, this has created much difficulty in harmonising certain frequency bands in this region. It is also noted that even when the same band is allowed for SRD operation, the type of application designated for SRDs may not be the same; resulting in different categories of SRDs operating under various output power levels.
The compilation of survey results in Table 13 shows the frequency bands already harmonized across Brunei Darussalam, Hong Kong, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, Philippines, New Zealand and Singapore, and is summarised as follows:

Typical Applications

Frequencies / Frequency band (MHz)

Range of the maximum power level

Cordless Phones / Telemetry

315

25uW to 10mW e.r.p

Medical Implant

402-405

25uW e.r.p

RFID

433.92

1mW to 25m W e.r.p

WLAN

2400-2483.5

10mW to 1000mW e.i.r.p

Vehicle Radar

76000-77000

10mW to 100W e.i.r.p
Table 1

Table 2 (see footnote 2) shows the frequency bands already harmonized across Hong Kong, Korea, Philippines, New Zealand and Singapore:



Typical Applications

Frequencies / Frequency band (MHz)

Range of maximum power level

RFID

13.553-13.567

100 mW (e.i.r.p) / 42 dBµA/m at 10m




26.96-27.28

0.5W to 3W e.r.p / 42 dBµA/m at 10m

Model Control

40.66-40.70

100 mW to 1000mW e.r.p




72-72.25

10 mW to 750 mW e.r.p

Cordless Phones

864.8-865

10 mW to 1000 mW e.r.p

WLAN

5725-5850

10 mW to 4W e.i.r.p
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