Adlearian Quiz Multiple Choice




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Adlearian Quiz

Multiple Choice

Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

____ 1. Which is (are) true concerning one's style of life?



a.

All people have a lifestyle, but no two people develop exactly the same style.

b.

The lifestyle is largely set by the age of 6.

c.

One's style of life is a reaction to perceived inferiority.

d.

One's style of life is learned from early interactions in the family.

e.

All of the above

____ 2. Adler believed that human behavior is:



a.

motivated by sexual urges.

b.

motivated by social urges.

c.

purposeful and goal-directed.

d.

all of the above

e.

both (b) and (c)

____ 3. The purpose of examining a client's family constellation is:



a.

to get a picture of the individual's early social world.

b.

to bring unconscious factors to the surface.

c.

to discover hereditary aspects of the client's behavior.

d.

to determine who else in the family needs help.

e.

both (b) and (c)

____ 4. The term "social interest" refers to:



a.

an individual's attitude in dealing with the social world.

b.

a sense of identification and empathy with others.

c.

striving for a better future for all humans.

d.

all of the above

e.

both (a) and (b)

____ 5. The process of encouragement in Adlerian counseling includes:



a.

helping clients use all their resources.

b.

transforming traits that can be liabilities into assets.

c.

helping clients recognize and accept their positive qualities.

d.

all of the above

e.

all but (b)

____ 6. Adlerians believe that discouragement:



a.

is the basic condition that prevents people from functioning.

b.

is basic to the human condition and is to be accepted as part of being alive.

c.

can be overcome by encouragement.

d.

both (a) and (c)

e.

both (b) and (c)

____ 7. Which of the following statements is not true about Alfred Adler?



a.

He created child guidance clinics.

b.

His early childhood was happy.

c.

He worked with Freud for at least eight years.

d.

He had much to say about child-rearing practices.

____ 8. Which of the following aspects of family life are assessed when exploring a client's family constellation?

a.

birth order

b.

interactions between siblings and parents

c.

the child's psychological position in the family

d.

all of the above

e.

all but (c)

____ 9. Who is primarily credited with popularizing and extending Adler's work by applying Adlerian principles to group work?



a.

Don Dinkmeyer

b.

Erik Erikson

c.

H. L. Ansbacher

d.

Raymond Corsini

e.

Rudolph Dreikurs

____ 10. Which of the following did Adler not stress?



a.

the unity of personality

b.

focus on early childhood experiences as determinants of later personality functioning

c.

behavior is purposeful and goal-oriented

d.

a unique style of life that is an expression of life goals

e.

feelings of inferiority


True/False

Indicate whether the sentence or statement is true or false.

Read each statement and decide if it is "more true" or "more false" as it applies to Adlerian therapy.

____ 11. Alfred Adler believed that what we are born with is not as important as what we choose to do with the abilities and limitations we possess.

____ 12. Adler maintained that our style of life was not set until middle age.

____ 13. Encouragement is a part of the Adlerian counseling process.

____ 14. Adlerians emphasize reeducating people and reshaping society.

____ 15. By having a client discuss his or her earliest recollections, an Adlerian counselor hopes to bring unconscious conflicts to the surface.

____ 16. Adler stressed that our desire to strive for perfection is learned from our parents.

____ 17. "Fictional finalism" is a term that Adlerians use to describe our attitude in dealing with the social world.

____ 18. Clients are viewed by Adlerian therapists as "sick" and in need of a cure.

____ 19. The concept of lifestyle refers to an individual's core beliefs and assumptions through which the person organizes his or her reality and finds meaning in life events.



____ 20. Adlerians maintain that the priorities we choose arise from our personality strengths.


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