Acknowledgements 5 executive summary

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B. Elkhorn Slough NERR Objectives and Strategies

Staff from the Reserve’s Education, Coastal Training, and Research Programs are involved in the following objectives and strategies

Objective 1: Preserve existing maritime chaparral in the Elkhorn Slough watershed.


  1. The Education staff will include maritime chaparral conservation as a component of the Elkhorn Slough NERR education and training programs. In order to accomplish this we will:

      1. develop maritime chaparral interpretation materials and activities that focus on:

        1. Maritime chaparral distribution, species, and ecology,

        2. Maritime chaparral-associated rare and endemic species protection,

        3. Responsible building and landscaping and compatible use of native plants,

        4. Invasive species control.

  1. The Education staff will seek funding to initiate maritime chaparral community education. If successful, we will:

      1. develop outreach materials that focus on landscaping and invasive species control.

      2. develop outreach and incentive programs that help landowners in primarily residential areas manage maritime chaparral areas wisely.

      3. develop information on the establishment and maintenance of conservation easements.

  1. The CTP Staff will continue their decision-maker workshop series on the ecology, conservation, and restoration of maritime chaparral. In order to accomplish this we will:

      1. continue to revisit and update the Ecology and Conservation and Restoration and Management topics.

      2. initiate new maritime chaparral topics including:

        1. The design and management of easements for maritime chaparral conservation,

        2. The development and implementation of conservation banking to protect maritime chaparral habitat.

  1. The Research and Stewardship staff will support maritime chaparral habitat studies and restoration projects. In order to accomplish this we will:

      1. encourage and support research by students, interns, or research fellows to:

        1. Map currently dedicated conservation easements, document their past and present condition, and evaluate their ecological value,

        2. Design recommended baseline characterization and monitoring programs for newly-dedicated conservation easements,

        3. Evaluate the potential for a maritime chaparral conservation banking program in the watershed and,

        4. Investigate habitat restoration strategies on Elkhorn Slough Foundation and other chaparral lands in the watershed.

Objective 2: Reduce loss of maritime chaparral due to habitat type conversion.


  1. The Research and Education staff will increase understanding of chaparral fire ecology, wildland fire issues, and the use of prescribed burning. In order to accomplish this we will:

  1. collaborate with community partners to raise awareness of chaparral fire issues.

  2. partner with interested community organizations to increase understanding of the issues associated with living at the chaparral wildland interface and the potential benefits of a prescribed burning program.

  1. The CTP staff will host a decision-maker workshop on chaparral fire ecology and the use of prescribed fire for habitat maintenance and restoration. In order to accomplish this we will:

  1. bring together fire ecologists, wildland fire practitioners, fire protection agency staff, and land managers for a workshop to advance the theory and practice of disturbance-based maritime chaparral conservation and restoration.

  1. The Research staff will support development and implementation of recovery plans for maritime chaparral habitat and associated sensitive species. In partnership with ESF we will:

  1. monitor and map occurrences of sensitive species in the watershed.

  2. participate in the development of threatened and endangered species listing and recovery plans.

  1. The Research staff will initiate research on maritime chaparral response to modified disturbance regimes.

  1. The Research staff will map historic chaparral habitat changes and disturbance history.

  1. The Research staff will develop a historical ecological analysis of long-term habitat change across the watershed’s chaparral lands.

  1. The Research staff will initiate a maritime chaparral restoration science research project. In partnership with ESF we will:

      1. initiate long-term manipulative field studies to address some of the following questions:

        1. Can degraded former maritime chaparral sites be restored? Are some settings (e.g. disturbance or land use history or adjacency to intact habitat) more conducive to restoration?

        2. Can oak woodland invasion be reduced by these treatments?

        3. Can invasion by exotic species such as pampas grass and iceplant be managed by these treatments?

Common Name

Scientific Name


Adenostoma fasciculatum

Hooker's manzanita

Arctostaphylos hookeri ssp. hookeri

Pajaro manzanita

Arctostaphylos pajaroensis

woollyleaf manzanita

Arctostaphylos tomentosa

brittleleaf manzanita

Arctostaphylos tomentosa ssp. crustacea

coyote brush

Baccharis pilularis


Carpobrotus edulis

California lilac

Ceanothus spp.

Monterey ceanothus

Ceanothus cuneatus var. rigidus

Monterey spineflower

Chorizanthe pungens var. pungens

*pampas grass

Cortaderia jubata

Eastwood's ericameria

Ericameria fasciculata

*blue gum eucalyptus

Eucalyptus globulus


Heteromeles arbutifolia

Gairdner's yampah

Perideridia gairdneri spp. gairdneri

Yadon's piperia

Piperia yadonii

coast live oak

Quercus agrifolia

black sage

Salvia mellifera
Table 5.1: Common and scientific names used in this chapter (* indicates non-native species)
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