Aceraceae Maple Family Acer macrophyllum Pursh bigleaf maple facu 1 Apiaceae Carrot Family

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Heart Lake Plant and Lichen List

Anacortes Community Forest Lands, Anacortes, Washington

Scientific Names Common Names Status Rpt By

Aceraceae Maple Family

Acer macrophyllum Pursh bigleaf maple FACU 1

Apiaceae Carrot Family

Oenanthe sarmentosa K. Presl ex DC. water parsely OBL 1

Osmorhiza berteroi DC. mountain sweet-cicely UPL 1

= Osmorhiza chilensis Hook. & Arn.

Sanicula (crassicaulis Poepp. ex DC.)? Pacific sanicle UPL 1

Aquifoliaceae Holly Family

Ilex aquifolium L. English holly I, UPL 1

Araceae Calla-lily, Arum Family

Lysichiton americanus Hultén & St. John swamp lantern, skunk cabbage OBL 1

Asteraceae Daisy Family

Hypochaeris radicata L. hairy cat's ear I, B, FACU 1

Mycelis muralis (L.) Dumort. wall-lettuce I, NI 1

Petasites frigidus (L.) Fries coltsfoot FACW- 1

Taraxacum officinale G.H. Weber ex Wiggers common dandelion I, FACU 1

Berberidaceae Barberry Family

Mahonia nervosa (Pursh) Nutt. low Oregon grape UPL 1

Betulaceae Birch Family

Alnus rubra Bong. red alder FAC 1

Brassicaceae Mustard Family

Cardamine occidentalis (S. Wats. ex B.L. Robins.) big western bittercress FACW+ 1

T.J. Howell

Caprifoliaceae Honeysuckle Family

Linnaea borealis L. twinflower FACU- 1

Lonicera ciliosa (Pursh) Poir. ex DC. orange honeysuckle UPL 1

Lonicera involucrata Banks ex Spreng. twinberry, black twinberry FAC+ 1

Sambucus racemosa L. var. racemosa red elderberry FACU 1

= Sambucus racemosa L. ssp. pubens (Michx.)


Symphoricarpos albus (L.) Blake snowberry FACU 1

Cupressaceae Cypress Family

Thuja plicata Donn ex D. Don western redcedar FAC 1

Cyperaceae Sedge Family

Carex L. sedge (2 spp.) ... 1

Carex obnupta Bailey slough sedge OBL 1

Ericaceae Heath Family

Arbutus menziesii Pursh Pacific madrone UPL 1

Gaultheria shallon Pursh salal FACU 1

Vaccinium parvifolium Sm. red huckleberry UPL 1

Grossulariaceae Currant Family

Ribes lacustre (Pers.) Poir. black, swamp gooseberry FAC+ 1

Ribes sanguineum Pursh red-flowering currant UPL 1

Juncaceae Rush Family

Luzula parviflora (Ehrh.) Desv. small-flowered woodrush FAC- 1

Nymphaeaceae Water-lily Family

Nuphar lutea (L.) Sm. ssp. polysepala (Engelm.) yellow pond-lily I, OBL 1

E.O. Beal

Orchidaceae Orchid Family

Calypso bulbosa (L.) Oakes calypso orchid, fairy slipper FAC+ 1

Goodyera oblongifolia Raf. evergreen orchid, rattlesnake FACU- 1


Pinaceae Pine Family

Abies grandis (Dougl. ex D. Don) Lindl. grand fir FACU- 1

Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirbel) Franco Douglas fir FACU 1

Tsuga heterophylla (Raf.) Sarg. western hemlock FACU- 1

Portulacaceae Purslane Family

Claytonia sibirica L. Siberian miner's lettuce, spring FAC 1


Primulaceae Primrose Family

Trientalis borealis Raf. ssp. latifolia (Hook.) broad-leaved or western FAC- 1

Hultén starflower

= Trientalis latifolia Hook.

Ranunculaceae Buttercup Family

Ranunculus repens L. creeping buttercup I, FACW 1

Rhamnaceae Buckthorn Family

Frangula purshiana (DC.) Cooper cascara FAC- 1

Rosaceae Rose Family

Amelanchier alnifolia (Nutt.) Nutt. ex M. Roemer serviceberry FACU 1

Geum macrophyllum Willd. large-leaved or big-leaved avens FACW- 1

Holodiscus discolor (Pursh) Maxim. ocean spray UPL 1

Oemleria cerasiformis (Torr. & Gray ex Hook. & Indian plum, osoberry FACU 1

Arn.) Landon

Prunus emarginata (Dougl. ex Hook.) D. Dietr. bitter cherry FACU 1

Rosa gymnocarpa Nutt. baldhip rose FACU 1

Rubus parviflorus Nutt. thimbleberry FAC- 1

Rubus spectabilis Pursh salmonberry FAC+ 1

Rubus ursinus Cham. & Schlecht. trailing blackberry, dewberry FACU 1

Sorbus aucuparia L. Rowan tree, European mt. Ash I, UPL 1

Rubiaceae Madder Family

Galium L. bedstraw ... 1

Salicaceae Willow Family

Salix (hookeriana Barratt ex Hook.)? Hooker's willow FACW 1

Saxifragaceae Saxifrage Family

Tellima grandiflora (Pursh) Dougl. ex Lindl. fringecup UPL 1

Tiarella trifoliata L. foamflower FAC- 1

Taxaceae Yew Family

Taxus brevifolia Nutt. Pacific or western yew facu 1

Thymelaeaceae Mezereum Family

Daphne (laureola L.)? spurge laurel I, UPL 1

Urticaceae Nettle Family

Urtica dioica L. stinging nettle I, FAC+ 1

Ferns and Allies

Blechnaceae Chain Fern Family

Blechnum spicant (L.) Sm. deer fern FAC+ 1

Dennstaedtiaceae Bracken Fern Family

Pteridium aquilinum (L.) Kuhn bracken fern FACU 1

Dryopteridaceae Wood Fern Family

Athyrium filix-femina (L.) Roth lady fern FAC 1

Dryopteris expansa (K. Presl) Fraser-Jenkins & spreading wood-fern facw 1


Polystichum munitum (Kaulfuss) K. Presl common sword fern FACU 1
Equisetaceae Horsetail Family

Equisetum L. horsetail ... 1

Polypodiaceae Polypody Family

Polypodium glycyrrhiza D.C. Eat. licorice fern UPL 1


Brachytheciaceae Brachytheciaceae Family

Eurhynchium oreganum (Sull.) Jaeg. Oregon beaked moss ... 1

Isothecium myosuroides Brid. cat-tailed moss ... 1

Fissidentaceae Fissidentaceae Family

Fissidens (limbatus Sull.)? … ... 1

Hylocomiaceae Hylocomiaceae Family

Hylocomium splendens (Hedw.) Schimp. in B.S.G. step moss, stair-step moss ... 1

Rhytidiadelphus triquetrus (Hedw.) Warnst. goose-necked moss, electrified ... 1

cat's tail moss

Hypnaceae Hypnaceae Family

Pseudotaxiphyllum elegans (Brid.) Iwats. small flat moss, elegant moss ... 1

Mniaceae Mniaceae Family

Leucolepis acanthoneuron (Schwaegr.) Lindb. Menzie's tree moss ... 1

Plagiotheciaceae Plagiotheciaceae Family

Plagiothecium undulatum (Hedw.) Schimp. in wavy-leaved cotton moss ... 1


Polytrichaceae Polytrichaceae Family

Pogonatum (urnigerum (Hedw.) P. Beauv.)? (gray?) haircap moss ... 1


Cladoniaceae Cladoniaceae Family

Cladonia P. Browne cladonia, cup lichen (2 spp.) ... 1

Cladonia squamosa Hoffm. dragon funnel/cladonia ... 1

Parmeliaceae Parmeliaceae Family

Evernia prunastri (L.) Ach. antlered perfume ... 1

Hypogymnia (Nyl.) Nyl. tube lichen ... 1

Hypogymnia physodes (L.) Nyl. monk's-hood, hooded tube ... 1

Parmelia sulcata Taylor powdered shield, waxpaper lichen ... 1

Platismatia glauca (L.) Culb. & C. Culb. ragbag ... 1

Platismatia herrei (Imshaug) Culb. & C. Culb. tattered rag ... 1

Tuckermannopsis orbata (Nyl.) M. J. Lai variable ruffle ... 1

Usnea Dill. ex Adans. beard lichen ... 1

Usnea filipendula Stirton fishbone/forest beard lichen ... 1

Peltigeraceae Peltigeraceae Family

Peltigera membranacea (Ach.) Nyl. dog or frog pelt ... 1

Report Dates:

First reported April 24, 2001. No updates. Additions, comments, or questions should be directed to Peter O'Mara at

Reported By:

  1. Marcia Hunt. Leader, Anacortes Parks and Washington Native Plant Society plant walk at Heart Lake, April 24, 2001. A loop was traversed at the south end of Heart Lake by following trails 212, 210, 243 and returning on 212. Plants were identified by Ann Dursch, Marcia Hunt, Rick Machin, Harold Mitchell and Peter O'Mara.


This lake is in Heart Lake State Park. Trails are within the Park and adjacent Anacortes Community Forest Lands (ACFL). Easy trails provide access to the lake, wetland and upland habitats. Upland trails pass through areas containing old growth trees.


ACFL maps are available at the Anacortes visitors' center on Commercial Avenue. The trailhead for the loop referenced in Report 1 is west of Heart Lake Road and the parking area on Ray Auld Road (at the base of the Mt. Erie Road).


Unless otherwise noted, scientific names are from the latest PLANTS database, Version 3.0 (USDA, 1999). Common names are those used regionally (see Goward 1994 and 1999, and McCune, 1997 for lichen common names). Each plant's wetland status was determined by consulting USFWS, 1996, Cooke, 1997, and Weinmann, 1999. Introduced plants are identified in Weinmann, 1999 and in the PLANTS database. Weed status is from the 1999-2000 Washington State Noxious Weed List. The following symbols and acronyms are used in this report:


Alternate or reported scientific names, if different from those in the PLANTS database.

Alternate or reported scientific names also used in the Jepson Manual (Hickman, 1993).


Tentative or incomplete identification.

Common name or status unknown.

A, B, C

Washington State noxious weed status (see reference below).


Facultative Wetland. Equally likely to be in wetlands (34%-66% probability) or non-wetlands.


Facultative Upland. Usually in non-wetlands (67%-99% probability).


Facultative Wetland. Usually found in wetlands (67%-99% probability).


Introduced species.


No wetland indicator status has been assigned.


Obligate Wetland. Almost always a wetland species (>99% probability).


Obligate Upland. Rarely in wetlands (<1% probability).

+, -

Wetland status is toward the higher or lower end of the indicated range of probabilities.

Wetland status listings in lower case letters indicate a proposed status or one assigned by regional experts.


Cooke, Sarah, Editor. 1997. A Field Guide to the Common Wetland Plants of Western Washington and Northwest

Oregon. Seattle Audubon Society and Washington Native Plant Society.
Goward, T. 1999. The lichens of British Columbia. Illustrated keys. Part 2 - Fruticose species. B.C. Ministry of

Forests, Victoria, B.C. Special Report Series 9. 319 pp.

Goward, T., B. McCune and D. Meidinger. 1994. The lichens of British Columbia. Illustrated keys. Part 1 - Foliose

and squamulose species. B.C. Ministry of Forests, Victoria, B.C. Special Report Series 8. 181 pp.

Hickman, James C. (Editor). 1993. The Jepson Manual: Higher Plants of California. University of California Press.
McCune, B. and L. Geiser. 1997. Macrolichens of the Pacific Northwest. Oregon State University Press, Corvallis.

386 pp.
USDA, NRCS 1999. The PLANTS database ( National Plant Data Center, Baton

Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA.
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 1996. National List of Vascular Plant Species that Occur in Wetlands: 1996 National Summary. Available from http:://
Washington State Noxious Weed Control Board. 1999. Washington State Noxious Weed List.
Weinmann, Fred. 1999. King County Vascular Plants (available from the Washington Native Plant Society).

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