A preliminary List of the Vascular Plants of the Davis Mountains, Jeff Davis County, Texas September 2005 Draft




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A Preliminary List of the Vascular Plants

of the Davis Mountains, Jeff Davis County, Texas

September 2005 Draft
William R. Carr, Botanist

The Nature Conservancy of Texas


This compilation includes plant taxa previously reported from the Davis Mountains in various published and unpublished materials. Principal sources include: 1) a dissertation on the vegetation of the Mount Livermore area by L. C. Hinckley (1940) as later emended by S. Sikes and J. Smith (1975); 2) a list of the plants of Davis Mountains State Park compiled over many years by B. H. Warnock (1967) and later emended by biologists with the Texas Parks and Wildlife Department (1992); 3) a thesis on the flora and vegetation of the Forbidden Mountain area (Larke, 1989); and 4) a vegetational survey of Lower Madera Canyon and the Timber Mountain area (Weedin, undated). Sources of additional taxa include: 5) Hinckley, 1944; 6) Palmer, 1929, cited sparingly due to nomenclatural uncertainty; 7) files of the Texas Natural Heritage Program; 8) Powell, 1988; 9) Powell, 1994; 10) Warnock, 1977; 11) Warnock, 1974; 12) Carr, 1997a and/or Carr, 1997b; 13) Zech et al., 1997; 14) specimens collected by R. D. Worthington (Worthington, 1999); 15) miscellaneous specimens at Sul Ross State University (transcription remains very incomplete!); 16) observations by John Karges, 1997-present; 17) observations of Linda Hedges, 1997-present; 18) additions to previous lists as reported by Bartel (2002); 19) Powell & Weedin, 2004. The coarse filter provided by these sources undoubtedly failed to capture many-- perhaps hundreds-- of the plant taxa of the region; the secondary sources all cover a larger area and generally don't mention specific Davis Mountains occurrences of common or widespread taxa. But if nothing else this list should serve as a starting point for those with little knowledge of the local flora.
Nomenclature follows various sources (Benson, 1982; Flora of North America Editorial Committee, 1993; Gould, 1975; Hatch, Gandhi and Brown, 1990; Johnston, 1990; Powell, 1988; Powell, 1994; and others), but in general either the accepted name or a synonym can be traced to the Manual of the Vascular Plants of Texas (Correll and Johnston, 1970). Common names follow Hatch, Gandhi and Brown (1990) or Warnock (1970, 1974, 1977).
FERNS AND FERN ALLIES
ASPLENIACEAE SPLEENWORT FAMILY

Asplenium resiliens1,2,3,4 blackstem spleenwort


DRYOPTERIDACEAE WOOD FERN FAMILY

Cystopteris fragilis1 brittle bladderfern

Dryopteris filix-mas1 male fern

Woodsia mexicana1 Mexican woodsia

Woodsia plummerae1 Plummer woodsia
EQUISETACEAE HORSETAIL FAMILY

Equisetum laevigatum3 horsetail, cola de caballo


MARSILEACEAE WATER-CLOVER FAMILY

Marsilea mucronata1 hairy pepperwort


POLYPODIACEAE POLYPODY FAMILY

Pleopeltis polylepis var. erythrolepis polypody

(Polypodium erythrolepis7)

Pleopeltis riograndensis (Polypodium thyssanolepis1) polypody


PTERIDACEAE MAIDENHAIR FERN FAMILY

Astrolepis cochisense subsp. cochisense wavyleaf cloakfern

(Notholaena integerrima1, Cheilanthes integerrima2)

Astrolepis sinuata subsp. sinuata wavyleaf cloakfern

(Cheilanthes sinuata3 var. sinuata, Notholaena sinuata var. sinuata4)

Bommeria hispida1,2,3,4 hairy bommeria

Cheilanthes alabamensis2,3 Alabama lipfern

Cheilanthes bonariensis3 (Notholaena aurea1) slender cloakfern

Cheilanthes eatonii3,4 f. castanea1 Eaton lipfern

Cheilanthes feei14 Fee lipfern

Cheilanthes fendleri1 Fendler lipfern

Cheilanthes tomentosa2,3,4 woolly lipfern

Cheilanthes villosa2,3 scaly lipfern

Cheilanthes wrightii3,4 Wright cloakfern

Notholaena standleyi1,2,3 star cloakfern

Pellaea atropurpurea1,3 purple cliffbrake

Pellaea cordifolia2 (P. sagittata var. cordata1) arrowleaf cliffbrake

Pellaea intermedia1,2,3 creeping cliffbrake

Pellaea ternifolia2 cliffbrake

Pellaea truncata13 (P. wrightiana var. longimucronata) cliffbrake

Pellaea wrightiana2 (P. ternifolia var. wrightiana1,4) Wright cliffbrake
SALVINIACEAE SALVINIA FAMILY

Azolla caroliniana10 yerba de agua


SELAGINELLACEAE SPIKEMOSS FAMILY

Selaginella mutica1 spikemoss

Selaginella peruviana1,3,4 spikemoss

Selaginella rupincola2 ledge spikemoss

Selaginella underwoodii1 Underwood spikemoss

Selaginella viridissima16 green spikemoss

Selaginella wrightii14 Wright spikemoss
CONIFERS
CUPRESSACEAE CYPRESS FAMILY

Juniperus coahuilensis16 roseberry juniper

(J. erythrocarpa var. coahuilensis)

Juniperus deppeana1,3,4 (J. pachyphloaea) alligator juniper

Juniperus deppeana f. sperryi false cypress

Juniperus pinchotii2,3 redberry juniper


EPHEDRACEAE JOINTFIR FAMILY

Ephedra trifurca1,2 longleaf jointfir


PINACEAE PINE FAMILY

Pinus cembroides2,3,4 (P. edulis1) Mexican pinyon-pine

Pinus ponderosa1,3,4 ponderosa pine

Pinus strobiformis1 (P. flexilis) Southwestern white pine


FLOWERING PLANTS
ACANTHACEAE ACANTHUS FAMILY

Dyschoriste decumbens14 snake-herb

Dyschoriste linearis1,2,3,4 snake-herb

Justicia pilosella (Siphonoglossa pilosella2,3) hairy tubetongue

Ruellia parryi1 Parry wild-petunia
ACERACEAE MAPLE FAMILY

Acer grandidentatum1,4 (incl. var. brachypterum3) bigtooth maple


AGAVACEAE AGAVE FAMILY

Agave havardiana2,3 (A. neomexicana of 1,4) Havard agave

Dasylirion leiophyllum1,2,4 smooth sotol

Dasylirion texanum3 Texas sotol

Nolina arenicola13 sand sacahuiste

Nolina erumpens1 beargrass

Nolina texana2,3,4 Texas sacahuiste

Yucca baccata5 banana yucca

Yucca elata1,2,3 soaptree yucca

Yucca treculeana3 (Y. torreyi1,2,4) Spanish dagger


AIZOACEAE CARPETWEED FAMILY

Mollugo verticillata1,2 carpetweed


AMARANTHACEAE AMARANTH FAMILY

Alternanthera caracasana2,4 mat chaff-flower

Amaranthus albus (A. pubescens1, A. blitoides2) prostrate pigweed

Amaranthus bigelovii (Amaranthus torreyi14) Bigelow amaranth

Amaranthus crassipes2 Mexican pigweed

Amaranthus palmeri1,2,3 Palmer amaranth

Amaranthus polygonoides (A. berlandieri1) Berlandier amaranth

Amaranthus powellii1 Powell amaranth

Amaranthus retroflexus1 redroot amaranth

Dicraurus leptocladus2 dicraurus

Froelichia arizonica2,3 Arizona snakecotton

Froelichia gracilis1,2,4 (F. braunii) slender snakecotton

Froelichia interrupta1 Texas snakecotton

Gomphrena nitida1,2 pearly globe-amaranth

Guilleminea densa2,3 cottonflower

Iresine heterophylla1,2,3 bloodleaf

Tidestromia lanuginosa var. lanuginosa1 espanta vaqueros
AMARYLLIDACEAE AMARYLLIS FAMILY

Cooperia drummondii2 Drummond rain-lily

Zephyranthes longifolia1 copper rain-lily
ANACARDIACEAE SUMAC FAMILY

Rhus lanceolata1,2,3 flameleaf sumac

Rhus microphylla1,2,3 littleleaf sumac

Rhus trilobata var. pilosissima2,3 (R. aromatica1,4) fragrant sumac

Rhus virens1,2,3,4 evergreen sumac

Toxicodendron rydbergii3 poison ivy

(Rhus toxicodendron1 var. vulgaris4)
APIACEAE (UMBELLIFERAE) CARROT FAMILY

Aletes acaulis1 stemless aletes

Aletes filifolius12 threadleaf aletes

Eryngium heterophyllum2 Wright eryngo

Osmorhiza bipatriata1 Livermore sweet-cicely

Pseudocymopterus longiradiatus15 mountain parsley

Pseudocymopterus montanus1,3,4 mountain parsley

Spermolepis echinata3 spiny scaleseed


APOCYNACEAE DOGBANE FAMILY

Apocynum androsimifolium1 spreading dogbane

Apocynum cannabinum var. glaberrima3 dogbane

Apocynum medium1,3 manyflower dogbane

Macrosiphonia hypoleuca1,3 rock trumpet

Macrosiphonia macrosiphon1,2,3,4 rock trumpet


ARALIACEAE GINSENG FAMILY

Aralia racemosa1 American spikenard


ARISTOLOCHIACEAE BIRTHWORT FAMILY

Aristolochia wrightii2,4 Wright pipevine


ASCLEPIADACEAE MILKWEED FAMILY

Asclepias arenaria1 sand milkweed

Asclepias asperula1,2,3,4 antelopehorn milkweed

Asclepias brachystephana1,2 shortcrown milkweed

Asclepias elata1,3 milkweed

Asclepias engelmanniana1 Engelmann milkweed

Asclepias latifolia2 broadleaf milkweed

Asclepias nummularia1,2,3,4 dwarf milkweed

Asclepias oenotheroides2 longhorn milkweed

Asclepias perennans1 milkweed

Asclepias subverticillata1,2 horsetail milkweed

Asclepias texana3,4 Texas milkweed

Asclepias tuberosa1 butterflyweed

Cynanchum pringlei3 Pringle milkvine

Cynanchum racemosum var. unifarium (C. unifarium3) tayalote

Matelea producta2,3 milkvine

Sarcostemma crispum1,2,3 wavyleaf milkvine

Sarcostemma cynanchoides14 twine-vine


ASTERACEAE (COMPOSITAE) SUNFLOWER FAMILY

Achillea millefolium1 yarrow

Acourtia nana (Perezia nana1) desert holly

Acourtia wrightii3,4 (Perezia wrightii1) pink perezia

Ageratina herbacea14 (Eupatorium herbaceum) thoroughwort

Ageratina rothrockii (Eupatorium rothrockii3,4) Rothrock thoroughwort

Ageratina wrightii (Eupatorium wrightii10) Wright thoroughwort

Ambrosia confertiflora2 field ragweed

Amphiachyris dracunculoides (Xanthocephalum dracunculoides10) common broomweed

Antennaria marginata1 pussytoes

Amphiachyris dracunculoides2 broom snakeweed

Artemisia carruthii1 Carruth sagewort

Artemisia dracunculus ssp. glauca3 white sagewort

Artemisia glauca1,2 sagewort

Artemisia ludoviciana1,2,3,4 western mugwort

Aster hesperius11 Siskiyou aster

(Symphyotrichum lanceolatum ssp. hesperium var. hesperium)

Aster oblongifolius1 (Symphyotrichum oblongifolium) aster

Aster subulatus3 (Symphyotrichum subulatum) hierba del marrano

Astranthium robustum3 robust astranthium

Baccharis bigelovii1,3,4 Bigelow baccharis

Baccharis glutinosa1,2,4 seepwillow baccharis

Baccharis havardii2,4 Havard baccharis

Baccharis pteronoides1,2,3 yerba de pasmo

Baccharis salicifolia2 (B. glutinosa1,2,4) seepwillow baccharis

Baccharis wrightii14 Wright baccharis

Bahia bigelovii1,2 Bigelow bahia

Bahia dissecta1 bahia

Bahia pedata3 bluntscale bahia

Baileya multiradiata1,2,3 desert baileya

Berlandiera lyrata1,2,3,4 Berlandier daisy

Bidens bigelovii1,2,3 Bigelow beggar's-ticks

Bidens bipinnata2 Spanish needles

Bidens leptocephala2,4 fewflower beggar's-ticks

Brickellia brachyphylla var. hinckleyi1 Hinckley brickellbush

Brickellia californica1,2,4 California brickellbush

Brickellia conduplicata10 sandlot brickellbush

Brickellia cylindracea2,3,4 gravelbar brickellbush

Brickellia eupatorioides var. chlorolepis brickellbush

(B. chlorolepis14, Kuhnia chlorolepis2)

Brickellia fendleri1,2 Fendler brickellbush

Brickellia grandiflora1 tasselflower brickellbush

Brickellia laciniata1,2,3,4 splitleaf brickellbush

Carminatia tenuiflora1,4 plumeweed

Carpochaete bigelovii1,2,3 Bigelow bristlehead

Centaurea americana2 American basketflower

Chrysactinia mexicana1,3 damianita

Cirsium ochrocentrum1,3,4 yellowspine thistle

Cirsium undulatum1,2,4 wavyleaf thistle

Conoclinium greggii (Eupatorium greggii1,2,4) palmleaf boneset

Conyza canadensis1,2,3 horseweed

Conyza coulteri1,2 Coulter horseweed

Coreopsis lanceolata3 lanceleaf coreopsis

Cosmos parviflorus1 southwestern cosmos

Dicranocarpus parviflorus1 pitchfork

Dyssodia acerosa3 (Thymophylla acerosa) prickleleaf dogweed

Dyssodia aurea (Thymophylla aurea2) thymeleaf dogweed

Dyssodia papposa1,2,3,4 mayweed dogweed

Dyssodia pentachaeta var. belenidium3 parralena

(Thymophylla pentachaeta var. belenidium)

Engelmannia pinnatifida1,2 Engelmann daisy

Erigeron colomexicanus14 fleabane

Erigeron flagellaris1,4 trailing fleabane

Erigeron modestus1,2,3,4 plains fleabane

Evax verna4 (E. multicaulis3) rabbit-tobacco

Flourensia cernua1 tarbush

Gaillardia suavis2,3 pincushion daisy

Galinsoga parviflora1,4 (G. semicalva) quickweed

Gamochaeta falcata (Gnaphalium purpureum var. falcatum3) cudweed

Gamochaeta sphacilata14 (Gnaphalium sphacilatum) cudweed

Grindelia arizonica var. neomexicana (G. scabra1,3) rough gumweed

Grindelia havardii2,4 Havard gumweed

Grindelia nuda var. aphanactis1 (G. aphanactis) mountain gumweed

Grindelia squarrosa3 curlycup gumweed

Gutierrezia microcephala2,3 (Xanthocephalum microcephalum) broom snakeweed

Gutierrezia sphaerocephala (Xanthocephalum sphaerocephalum10) poor broomweed

Gymnosperma glutinosum3,4 tatalencho

Helenium amarum var. badium2 (H. badium) brown bitterweed

Helenium microcephalum3 var. microcephalum4 smallhead sneezeweed

Helianthus ciliaris2 blueweed

Heterosperma pinnatum1,3 fineleaf heterosperma

Heterotheca fulcrata4 goldenaster

Heterotheca villosa1 goldenaster

Heterotheca viscida3 goldenaster

Hieracium fendleri3 Fendler hawkweed

Hieracium wrightii3,4 Wright hawkweed

Hymenoxys richardsonii4 pingue bitterweed

Hymenoclea monogyra1,2,3 burrobrush

Koanophyllon solidaginifolium2 (Eupatorium solidaginifolium4) shrubby eupatorium

Lactuca graminifolia1 wild lettuce

Lactuca serriola2 prickly lettuce

Laennecia filaginoides18 horseweed

Laennecia sophiaefolia (Conyza sophiaefolia1,2,3) leafy horseweed

Leucelene ericoides2,3 (Chaetopappa ericoides) babywhite aster

Liatris punctata1,2 var. mexicana3 blazingstar

Lygodesmia ramosissima1 skeletonplant

Lygodesmia texana1,2,3 Texas skeletonplant

Machaeranthera australis1 machaeranthera

Machaeranthera gracilis2,3 slender goldenweed

Machaeranthera pinnatifida2,4 cutleaf goldenweed

Melampodium hispidum1 rough blackfoot-daisy

Melampodium leucanthum var. leucanthum3 blackfoot daisy

Parthenium confertum2,3 false ragweed

Parthenium incanum1,2,3,4 mariola

Pectis angustifolia1,2 crownseed pectis

Pectis prostrata1,3 creeping pectis

Pericome caudata1,3 tailleaf pericome

Perityle rupestris2 var. rupestris1,3,4 leafy rockdaisy

Pinaropappus roseus1,2,3 white rocklettuce

Porophyllum gracile2 slender poreleaf

Porophyllum greggii15 Gregg poreleaf

Porophyllum scoparium1,3 porefleaf

Pseudognaphalium canescens (Gnaphalium wrightii3) Wright cudweed

Pseudognaphalium leucocephalum (Gnaphalium leucocephalum3) white cudweed

Pseudognaphalium stramineum (Gnaphalium chilense1,2,3,4) cotton-batting cudweed

Pseudognaphalium viscosum (Gnaphalium macounii1,2) clammy cudweed

Psilactis asteroides (Machaeranthera boltoniae2) machaeranthera

Psilactis breviligulata (Machaeranthera breviligulata3) machaeranthera

Psilactis tenuis (Machaeranthera tenuis3,4) machaeranthera

Psilostrophe tagetina2,3,4 paperflower

Ratibida columnaris2,3,4 Mexican hat

Schkuhria anthemoidea var. wrightii1,3 Wright threadleaf

Schkuhria multiflora10 manyhead threadleaf

Schkuhria wislizenii14 groundsel

Senecio flaccidus threadleaf groundsel

(S. douglasii var. jamesii2; S. douglasii1 var. longilobus3,4)

Senecio millelobatus3,4 manybract groundsel

Senecio multicapitatus14 (S. spartioides var. multicapitatus) groundsel

Senecio riddellii1 broom groundsel

Senecio wootonii (S. microdontus1) Wooton groundsel

Simsia calva1,2,3 bush sunflower

Solidago simplex var. simplex (S. spathulata14) goldenrod

Solidago velutina (S. arizonica3, S. sparsiflora1) fewhead goldenrod

Solidago wrightii1,3 Wright goldenrod

Sonchus oleraceus2,3 sowthistle

Stephanomeria pauciflora1,2 (Lygodesmia pauciflora2) desert skeletonplant

Stephanomeria tenuifolia var. tenuifolia skeletonplant

(Lygodesmia tenuifolia4)

Stevia serrata1 sawtooth stevia

Tagetes micrantha1,3 little marigold

Tetraneuris linearifolia (Hymenoxys linearifolia3,4) slenderleaf bitterweed

Tetraneuris scaposa var. scaposa slenderstem bitterweed

(Hymenoxys scaposa2 var. scaposa3)

Thelesperma longipes1,3,4 longstalk greenthread

Thelesperma megapotamicum1,2,3 rayless greenthread

Thelesperma simplicifolium3 Navajo tea

Townsendia exscapa1,4 stemless townsendia

Trixis californica1,2,3,4 American trixis

Verbesina encelioides1,2,3,4 cowpen daisy

*Verbesina oreophila1,4 mountain crownbeard

Vernonia marginata1,2,3,4 plains ironweed

Viguiera cordifolia1,2,3 roughleaf goldeneye

Viguiera dentata2,3 plateau goldeneye

Viguiera longifolia2,3,4 (Viguiera annua2) longleaf goldeneye

Viguiera stenoloba1,2,3 skeletonleaf goldeneye

Xanthium spinosum1,2,3,4 spiny cocklebur

Xanthium strumarium2,3 cocklebur

Xanthocephalum gymnospermoides10 gummy snakeweed

Zinnia anomala1 shortray zinnia

Zinnia grandiflora1,2,3 plains zinnia


BERBERIDACEAE BARBERRY FAMILY

Berberis haematocarpa1 (Mahonia haematocarpa) red barberry

Berberis trifoliolata1,2,4 (Mahonia trifoliolata3) agarito
BIGNONIACEAE CATALPA FAMILY

Chilopsis linearis1,2,3 desert willow

Tecoma stans1,2,3,4 trumpetflower
BORAGINACEAE BORAGE FAMILY

Antiphytum floribundum2,3 manyflower antiphytum

Cryptantha albida2,4 desert cryptantha

Cryptantha cinerea (C. jamesii14) James hiddenflower

Cryptantha palmeri (C. coryi2) Cory cryptantha

Cryptantha pusilla1,3 low cryptantha

Hackelia pinetorum14 stickseed

Lappula redowskii var. texana15 (Lappula texana) cupseed

Lithospermum cobrense14 puccoon

Lithospermum incisum2,3 fringed puccoon

Lithospermum multiflorum1,3 manyflower gromwell

Lithospermum viride11 green gromwell

Myosotis verna15 forget-me-not
BRASSICACEAE (CRUCIFERAE) MUSTARD FAMILY

Arabis fendleri3 Fendler rockcress

Cardamine sp.12 bittercress

Descurainia incana subsp. viscosa tansy mustard

(D. richardsonii var. viscosa4)

Descurainia pinnata2,3 subsp. pinnata1 tansy mustard

Draba cuneifolia1,2,4 var. cuneifolia3 wedgeleaf draba

Draba standleyi1 Standley draba

Erysimum capitatum3 wallflower

Halimolobus diffusa1,2,3,4 diffuse halimolobus

Lepidium alyssoides (L. sordidum2) sordid pepperweed

Lepidium lasiocarpum2 var. wrightii3 hairypod pepperweed

Lepidium montanum4 mountain pepperweed

Lepidium virginicum2 var. medium3 Virginia pepperweed

Lesquerella fendleri1,2 Fendler bladderpod

Pennellia longifolia14 pennellia

Pennellia micrantha1,2,4 pennellia

Rorippa nasturtium-aquaticum (Nasturtium officinale3) watercress

Sisymbrium irio4 London rocket

Stanleya pinnata var. integrifolia4 desert prince's-plume

Thelypodiopsis linearifolia3 (Sisymbrium linearifolium2,4) mountain mustard

Thelypodium wrightii2,3 Wright thelypody

Thlaspi montanum var. fendleri3 (T. fendleri1) Fendler pennycress
CACTACEAE CACTUS FAMILY

Coryphantha dasyacantha2,3,19 (Mammillaria dasyacantha) dense nipple-cactus

Coryphantha macronmeris var. macromeris19 big-needle pincushion cactus

Coryphantha pottsiana19 Runyon's pincushion cactus

Coryphantha scheeri var. scheeri19 (C. scheeri var. valida2,4) Scheer corycactus

Coryphantha vivipara var. neomexicana4,19 spiny star

Echinocactus horizonthalonius1,2,19 eagleclaw cactus

Echinocereus coccineus var. paucispinus19 Texas claret-cup cactus

Echinocereus coccineus var. rosei19 claretcup cactus

(E. triglochidiatus2,3 var. melanacanthus4)

Echinocereus viridiflorus1,2 var. chloranthus1,4,19 green pitaya

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