Spring adonis herb is used for various cardiac drugs production.
What is the reason of limiting the collection of the raw material?
A * It is guarded
BDoes not grow in Ukraine
C Has limited distribution in Ukraine
D Raw material’s not available
E Grows on the polluted area
Spring adonis herb is used as raw material for various cardiac drugs production. Plant material of Adonis is collected from flowering till fruit drop period in the following way:
A * The herb is cut by a knife or sickle at 5-10 cm from the ground
B Stems are picked manually
C Leaves are picked manually
D Aerial part of plant is harvested manually
E The herb is harvested together with the underground part
Accidents of pupils poisoning during collection of a medicinal plant material were observed. Choose the medicinal raw material not allowed to be collected by children and pupils:
A *Lily-of-the-valley leaf
B Nettle herb
C Sea-buckthorn fruit
D Black alder fruit
E Buckthorn bark
Preparations of Lily-of-the-valley have cardioactive and sedative effect. While collecting lily-of-the-valley it is possible to gather the following admixture:
A * Solomon's seal
B Purple foxglove
C Grecian foxglove
D Spring adonis
E Treacle mustard
Purple Foxgloveleaves are used for cardioactive drugs production. What temperature should this raw material be dried at?
A * 50-60°С
To obtain the standard medical plant material of Lily-of-the-valley herb the temperature of drying must be 50-60°С to stop the possible biochemical processes:
During the commodity research analysis of the raw material it was discovered that it consisted of vaginal oblong-ellyptic leaves with arc venation. Flowers were white, bell shaped. Specify this plant:
A * Lily-of-the-Valley
B Spring adonis
C Milk vetch
D Creeping Thyme (wild thyme)
E Common St. John's-wort
During the commodity research analysis of the raw material it was discovered that it consists of simple or slightly branchy stem, slightly ribbed, covered with leaves, flowers, buds. Leaves are alternate, almost sessile, digitated into 5 parts, 2 lower ones are shorter, pinnatisect. Flowers are large, goldish yellow, solitary. Calyx is green, pubescent. Smell is faint. Taste is never determined! Plant material is poisonous. Therefore this raw material is:
E Strophanthus seeds
Lily-of-the-valley herb is a source of cardiotonic drugs. To identify cardioglycosides it is possible to use the reaction:
A * With Legal’s reagent
B With Drahendorff’s reagent
C Reaction of cyanidin formation
D With tannin
During the analysis of medicinal herbs a poisonous admixture was found. Which reaction should a pharmacist-analysis choose for cardiac glycosides identification as poisonous admixture?
A * Reaction with Liebermann-Burghardreagent
B Reaction with Trim-Hill reagent
C Reaction with Stahl’s reagent
D Reaction with Dragendorff’s reagent
E Reaction with Marqui’s reagent
To identify medicinal drug from cardiac glycosides group an analyst should prove the presence of unsaturated lactone ring. Which reagent should be used for the abovementioned?
E Saturated sodium chloride solution
Activity of plant raw material and drugs containing cardiac glycosides is expressed in activity units. Which method is used for digitalis leaves standardization according to the requirements of the USSR Pharmacopoeia, XI ed.?
A * Biological standardization
Purple foxglove (Digitalis purpurea) leaves standardization is carried out according to the content of cardiac glycosides. Which method of quality determination is used?
A * Biological standardization
One of the methods of active ingredients determination in raw material is biological standardization method. Which group of biologically active substances is it used for?