A abdico, abdicare, abdicavi, abdicatus to renounce, reject; to disown, disavow




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Latin Derivatives
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abdico, abdicare, abdicavi, abdicatus - to renounce, reject; to disown, disavow

abdicate - (tr.) to renounce (office or authority); (intr.) to renounce office or authority: Following the humiliating loss of some 300 ships to the Vandals, Majorian, one of the last of the Roman emperors, was forced to abdicate. Also: abdicable, abdicant (abdicating), abdication, abdicative, abdicator. [abdicatio, abdicationis, f. - renunciation; disavowal]

abduco, abducere, abduxi, abductus - to lead away, take away

abducent - Moving or drawing away from the axis of the body or one of its parts: Physiologists speak of abducent and adducent nerves and muscles. Also: abduce (to draw away). [duco, ducere, duxi, ductus - to lead]

aberro, aberrare, aberravi - to wander, go astray

aberration - The crimes against humanity perpetrated by the September 11 hijackers are horrible moral aberrations, denounced by the vast majority of people of the world regardless of their religion. 1) a deviating from what is normal or right: 2) a temporary mental irregularity. Also: aberrant, aberrance, aberrancy. [aberratio, aberrationis, f. - relief, diversion, escape]

abluo, abluere, ablui, ablutus - to wash away

ablution - a washing or cleansing, usually as a religious ritual: Baptism is an ablution which symbolizes and, according to many, effects a cleansing of sin. Also: abluent (a cleaning agent), ablutionary (having to do with an ablution).

aboleo, abolere, abolevi, abolitus - to destroy

abolish - to do away with, put an end to (a law or custom): Those who seek to abolish capital punishment argue that life imprisonment is an equally effective deterent to murder. Also: abolishable, abolisher, abolishment, abolitionary, abolitionism (the principle of the abolition of slavery), abolitionist (in U.S. history, one who supported the abolition of slavery; one who supporets the abolition of any law or custom) abolitionize (to convert to abolitionism). [abolesco, abolescere, abolevi - to perish; abolitio, abolitionis, f. - a removing]

abstemius, abstemia, abstemium - abstaining from intoxicating drinks

abstemious - moderate in eating and drinking: Abstemious people often live long lives. Also: abstemiousness.


acclivis, acclive - uphill, upwards, ascending


acclivity - an upward slope of ground, an ascent: The cross-country course was laid out in such a way that the acclivities were short and steep while the declivities were long and gradual. Also: acclivitous, acclivous. [acclivitas, acclivitatis, f. - ascent, rising grade, acclivity; ad (prep. w/ acc.) - to. towards; near; clivus, clivi, m. - slope, hill]

acer, acris, acre - sharp; fierce

acerbic - harsh in temper or words: His acerbic tongue got him into trouble with a hall monitor yesterday. Also: acerbity (harshness). [acerbitas, acerbitatis, f. - bitterness; acerbus, acerba, acerbum - bitter]
acrid - 1) sharp to the taste, pungent; 2) sharp of temper or speech; caustic: Accused of embezzling state money, she cried witch hunt and launched an acrid denunciation of her accusers. Also: acridity (state or quality of being acrid), acridness (acridity).
acrimonious - bitter and caustic in temper or language; acrid: "You can catch more flies with sugar than with honey," wrote the acrimonious youngster 100 times, without understanding why. Also: acrimony (bitterness or harshness in temper or language), acrimoniousness (acrimony). [acrimonia, acrimoniae, f. - sharpness]
exacerbate - 1) to make worse: The ointment, thought to have curative properties, did little more than exacerbate the inflammation. 2) to irritate (someone's feelings). Also: exacerbation, acerbate (to make bitter). [acerbo, acerbare, acerbavi, acerbatus - to make bitter; exacerbo, exacerbare, exacerbavi, exacerbatus - to irritate, provoke]

acutus, acuta, acutum - sharpened, pointed

acumen - keen insight: The fictional character Sherlock Holmes is known around the world for his criminological acumen. Also: acuminate (adj., pointed; v., to make sharp or pointed), acumination, acuminous (possessing acumen). [acumen, acuminis, n. - sharp point]
acuity - sharpness, keenness: Like our mascot the eagle, our basketball players are admired and envied for their gracefulness, and their acuity of vision. [acuo, acuere, acui, acutus - to sharpen]


adamas, adamantis, m. - very hard metal; steel


adamant - absolutely firm, unyielding in attitude or opinion despite opposition: Let’s not be so adamant that we miss the truth when it lights on the ends of our respective noses. Also: adamancy, adamantine (adamant).



adfabilis, adfabile - friendly, approachable, affable

affable - pleasant, friendly, cordial, easy to talk to: "There's a difference between 'affable' and 'laughable,' she screamed after him, "and you're the latter." Also: affability, affableness. [adfabilitas, adfabilitatis, f. - friendliness, affability]

adfirmatio, adfirmationis, f. - affirmation, positive assertion

affirmation - 1) the assertion or declaration that something is true or exists; 2) confirmation of a law, a prior judgment, or a decision: The mayor interprets the lopsided vote as an affirmation of his bipartisan, minority-inclusive approach to government. Also: affirm, affirmable, affirmance, affirmant (person who affirms), affirmative (expressing agreement, positive), affirmer. [ad (prep. w/ acc.) - to, toward, near; adfirmo, adfirmare, adfirmavi, adfirmatus - to strengthen; firmator, firmatoris, m. - one who establishes or confirms; firmitas, firmitatis, f. - firmness; firmitudo, firmitudinis, f. - firmness; firmo, firmare, firmavi, firmatus - to strengthen, make firm; firmus, firma, firmum - firm, strong]

adiaceo, adiacere, adiacui - to lie at or by the side of, adjoin

adjacent - lying near; adjoining, bordering: Although she had lived there for almost a year, she still didn’t know the woman in the adjacent apartment. Also: adjacency. [ad (prep. w/ acc.) - to, toward, near; iaceo, iacere, iacui - to lie, be flat]

admoneo, admonere, admonui, admonitus - to remind, suggest; to ward

admonitory - serving to warn, warning: Mr. Baxter always adopts an admonitory tone of voice on the day before a test. Also: admonish, admonisher, admonishment, admonition, admonitor (admonisher), admonitorial. [ad (prep. w/ acc.) - to, toward, near; admonitio, admonitionis, f. - suggestion; admonitor, admonitoris, m. - an admonisher, one who reminds; admonitrix, admonitricis, f. - she who reminds; moneo monere, monui, monitus - warn, advise]

adsevero, adseverare, adseveravi, adseveratus - to assert, affirm

asseveration - emphatic assertion, a solemn declaration: What does it say about the American electorate when facts and issue-based asseverations are not as effective as demagoguery and slander? Also: asseverate (to assert emphatically, declare solemnly), asseveration, asseverative, asseveratory. [adserveranter - emphatically; adseveratio, adseverationis, f. - an emphatic assertion; severus, severa, severum - serious, strict, stern]

adulatio, adulationis, f. - a fawning; flattery

adulation - excessive praise or admiration, servile flattery: In a democracy, even a capable president receives a large measure not only of adulation but, thanks to a free press and to opposition parties, of criticism as well. Also: adulate (to praise excessively, flatter), adulator, adulatory. [adulator, adulatoris, m. - sycophant; adulatorius, adulatoria, adulatorium - flattering; adulo, adulare - to fawn (upon), flatter; adulor, adulari, adulatus sum - to fawn (upon), flatter]

adulor, adulari, adulatus sum - to fawn, flatter

adulate - to praise excessively: “Praise others if you must,” she replied, “but adulate only me.” Also: adulation, adulator, adulatory. [adulatio, adulationis, f. - a fawning, flattery; adulator, adulatoris, m. - flatterer, sycophant; adulatorius, adulatoria, adulatorium - flattering]

adultero, adulterare, adulteravi, adulteratus - to defile; to commit adultery

adulterate - (v.) to destroy purity or genuineness by adding a harmful or less valuable substance: Seeking to produce gold from lead, alchemists succeeded only in adulterating the lead. Also: adulterant (n., a substance used to adulterate; adj., adulterating), adulteration, adulterator, unadulterated.

adverto, advertere, adverti, adversus - to turn towards

adversity - unfavorable fortune or fate; an unfortunate or calamitous condition or circumstance: Adversity often brings out the best in people. Also: adversative (adj., expressing antithesis or opposition; n., an adversative word or expression), adverseness, advert (to remark; to turn the attention). [adversus, adversa, adversum - hostile, opposed to; adversus or adversum - (adv.) opposite; (pres. w/ acc.) towards, opposite]


aegis, aegidis, f. - the shield of Jupiter; defense, protection


aegis - 1) protection, support; 2) sponsorship: To be eligible for a tuition waver at our high school, a foreign student must be under the aegis of a properly accredited agency.


aemulor, aemulari, aemulatus sum - to rival, strive to excel


emulate - to strive to equal or excel; to imitate with the intention of equaling or surpassing: She emulates her older sister, who has an open mind and a big heart. Also: emulation, emulatative, emulator, emulous (desirous of equaling or exceeding). [aemulatio, aemulationis, f. - rivalry; aemulus, aemula, aemulum - vying with, rivaling]

aenigma, aenigmatis, n. – riddle

enigmatic - perplexing, inexplicable: In times of drought and deluge, many a pious farmer has pondered the enigmatic contingencies of weather. Also: enigma (a perplexing or inexplicable statement, matter, or person), enigmatical (enigmatic).



aequitas, aequitatis, f. - evenness; fairness

equity - fairness: Should we as a nation not strive for equity in the distribution of necessary commodities and services among the rich and the poor? Also: equitable, equitableness. [aequus, aequa, aequum - level; fair, just; like, equal]

aequus, aequa, aequum - level; fair, just; like, equal

egalitarian - one who believes that all people should have equal rights: Some people complain that America has lost its egalitarian focus; the poor, they say, do not have the same rights as the wealthy. Also: egalitarianism (the belief in equal rights for all). [aequo, aequare, aequavi, aequatus - to make even, make level; aequalis, aequale - equal, even; aequalitas, aequalitatis, f. - equality, evenness]
equanimity - calmness, evenness of mind or temper: It would seem that the closer one gets to an unconditional acceptance of the world, the closer one gets to equanimity. Also: equanimous (having or showing equanimity), equanimousness. [aequanimitas, aequanimitatis, f. - impartiality; kindness]
equilibrist - a performer who is skilled in tricks of balance like tightrope walking: Steelworkers who construct bridges and tall buildings are cut from the same mold as circus equilibrists. Also: equilibristic, equilibrate (to balance), equilibration, equilibrator. [aequilibritas, aequilibritatis, f. - equilibrium]

equinox - one of two times annually when day and night are of equal length everywhere on the earth: From the vernal equinox in March until the autumnal equinox six months later, days are longer than nights in the northern hemisphere. Also: equinoctial (having to do with or occurring about the same time as the equinoxes). [aequinoctialis, aequinoctiale - relating to the equinox; aequinoctium, aequinocti, n. - equinox]
equitable - just, fair: The Brazilian victory by "kick off" seemed an equitable outcome to a game in which Brazil had dominated Italy throughout. [aequitas, aequitatis, f. - evenness; fairness]
equivocal - having two or more meanings; intentionally ambiguous: Puns are among the favorite toys of people who like to play with language; puns make the listener laugh (or groan) when he/she recognizes that what has been said is humorously (or grotesquely) equivocal. Also: equivocality, equivocalness, unequivocal, unequivocalness. [vox, vocis, f. - voice]
equivocate - to use ambiguous words and expressions in order to deceive: "I will do what I can for you," the lawyer reminded his client, "but I cannot and will not equivocate." Also: equivocacy, equivocation, equivocator. [voco, vocare, vocavi, vocatus - call]
inequitable - unfair, unjust: Two of the heirs complained bitterly about the inequitable distribution of the old man's wealth. Also: inequitableness, inequity (unfairness). [iniquus, iniqua, iniquum - unequal; unfair]
iniquity - wickedness: No one is perfect, and no one has a monopoly of iniquity. Also: iniquitous., iniquitousness. [iniquitas, iniquitatis, f. - unevenness; injustice]

aestas, aestatis, f. – summer
(a)estival - of or pertaining to summer: He liked the ocean, the palm trees, and the cool, clear summer days; still, he missed the estival verdancy of the Midwest. [aestivus, aestiva, aestivum - of summer; summer]
(a)estivate - to spend the summer in dormancy: Scared out of her wits one June evening by a rattlesnake that she had nearly stepped on, she was heard by half the neighborhood to say that she wished the damned things would estivate. Also: (a)estivation, (a)estivator. [aestivo, aestivare, aestivavi, aestivatus - to pass the summer]


aestuarium, aestuari, n. - ground covered by the sea at high tide; a part of a river up which the tide flows


estuary - 1) a place where a river’s current meets the sea’s tides; 2) an arm of the sea at the lower end of the river: The Nile has an elaborate system of estuaries. Also: estuarine (formed or found in an estuary), estuarial. [aestuo, aestuare, aestuavi, aestuatus - to rage, burn, seethe; to surge; aestuosus, aestuosa, aestuosum - very hot; agitated; aestus, aestus, m. - agitation; boiling; seething; surging (of the sea)]

ager, agri, m. - field

agrarian - having to do with agriculture or farmers: As a noun, "agrarian" means someone who promotes agrarian reforms. Also: agrarianism (a movement for the equal division of land and for the interests of farmers). [agrarius, agraria, agrarium - pertaining to the land]
agronomy - science of crop production and of managing farmland: The rotation of crops for more efficient crop production has long been a tenet of agronomy. Also: agronomic, agronomical, agronomics (agronomy), agronomist.
peregrination - traveling from place to place; wandering: Their two-month peregrination took them through 11 countries, from the north of Scandinavia to the south of Italy. Also: peregrinate (to travel), peregrinator, peregrine (foreign; migrating; also, a swift falcon), peregrinity. [peregrinatio, peregrinationis, f. - travelling abroad; peregrinor, peregrinari, peregrinatus sum - to travel abroad; to wander]

aggrego, aggregare, aggregavi, aggregatus - add to a flock; attach, associate, bring together

aggregate - (adj.) total, combined; (n.) a sum of most of the particulars; total amount: While individual students may have floundered, the state test scores, in the aggregate, reflect improved effort on the part of the vast majority of students. (v.) to combine into a collection or mass. Also: aggregable, aggregateness, aggregatory, aggregation (a group or mass of separate persons or things; a collecting of separate persons or things), aggregational, aggregative (pertaining to or forming an aggregate; tending to aggregate). [grex, gregis, m. - herd, flock]

ago, agere, egi, actus - to do; drive

actuate - 1) to put into action; 2) to move to act: Always a risk taker, she was, in the final months of her life, actuated more and more by the desire to do what had never been done before.
agency - action of someone or something; means (that by which something is done): Everyone agrees that he was promoted by the agency of his secretary, who seldom lets a week pass without praising him to his boss.
exact - (v.) to demand and get; to force payment of: The hurricane exacted a heavy toll of the town: three dead and millions of dollars in property damage. Also: exactable, exacter, exaction, exactor. [exactio, exactionis, f. - a driving out; a demanding; exactus, exacta, exactum - precise]
exigency -a situation demanding immediate attention; (pl.) urgent needs: A manager who eschews long-range planning and reacts simply to the exigencies of the day will soon have no business left to manage. Also: exigent (urgent). [exigo, exigere, exegi, exactus - to drive out; to require, demand]

proactive - anticipatory; preparing for or intervening in an expected occurrence: Recycling is a proactive measure against the depletion of natural resources. [pro (prep. w/ abl.) - before, in front of; for]
prodigal - wasting money; exceedingly wasteful: Prodigal politicians are particularly unpopular today because of public awareness of the need to cut heavily into the federal debt. Also: prodigality (wastefulness). [prodigo, prodigere, prodegi, prodactus - to waste; prodigus, prodiga, prodigum - wasteful, extravagant]
reactionary - (n.) in politics, an extreme conservative; (adj.) extremely conservative: Perception of an individual politician can, according to the political orientation of the observers, run the gamut from extreme liberal to reactionary.

redact - 1) to prepare for publication; to edit: A careful comparison of her original manuscript with the redacted, published version convinced her to seek out a different publisher for her next novel. 2) to draw up (a statement, announcement, proclamation, etc.) Also: redaction, redactional, redactor. [redigo, redigere, redegi, redactus - to drive back; to lead back, bring back]

alacer, alacris - quick, lively

alacrity - 1) cheerful readiness or promptness: She treated all people with respect, welcomed friends at any hour of the day or night, encouraged and admonished her children, and performed household chores with alacrity. 2) liveliness. Also: alacritous. [alacritas, alacritatis, f. - quickness; eagerness]
albus, alba, album - white

albumen - 1) the white of an egg: You can separate the two parts of the contents of an egg by passing the yolk back and forth from half shell to half shell and allowing the albumen to fall into a container. 2) the nutritive matter around the embryo in a seed. Also: albumenize (to treat with albumen), albumenization, albumin (any of a class of proteins occurring in the white of eggs, in milk, and in other animal and plant tissues and juices), albuminate (a compound derived from albumin), albuminous (of, resembling, or containing albumen or albumin). [albulus, albula, albulum - whitish]

alienus, aliena, alienum - belonging to another, another's

alien - (adj.) 1) foreign; 2) strange (not natural): Self-incrimination and despair being alien to him, he attributed the accident to bad luck and went on with his everyday business. (n.) 1) a foreigner; 2) an outsider.
alienate - 1) to transfer ownership (of property); 2) to make indifferent or unfriendly; to estrange: Her bizarre behavior served only to alienate her friends and infuriate her enemies. Also: alienable (that can be transferred), alienation (an alienating or being alienated), alienative, alienator. [alieno, alienare, alienavi, alienatus - to make something another’s; to transfer; to banish; alienatio, alienationis, f. - tranfer, surrender; separation]
inalienable (unalienable) - that may not be taken away: According to the Declaration of Independence, life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness are among the inalienable rights of every human being. Also: inalienability, inalienableness. [alieno, cf. alienate]
alo, alere, alui, alitus - to nourish

alimony - an allowance paid by one spouse to the other after legal separation or divorce: Does alimony stop after the recipient of the alimony remarries? Also: aliment (food), alimentary, alimentation (nourishment), alimentative, alimentativeness. [alimentarius, alimentaria, alimentarium - pertaining to food; alimentum, alimenti, n. - food]
alter, altera, alterum - the other (of two), second

altercation - heated argument; quarrel: The unfortunate altercation left both friends with bruised egos. Also: altercate (to quarrel). [altercatio, altercationis, f. - debate, dispute; altercor, altercari, altercatus sum - to debate, quarrel]
altruist - someone who is concerned about and works for the welfare of others: If unselfishness is the yardstick of happiness, then altruists are among the happiest people. Also: altruism (unselfish devotion to the welfare of others), altruistic.
unalterable (inalterable) - unable to be changed: He said his will was firm and his decision unalterable. Also: alter (to change), alterable, alterability, alterableness, alterant (causing an alteration; something that causes an alteration), alteration (process of changing; a change), alterative (tending to alter), unalterability (inalterability), unalterableness (inalterableness), unaltered.
alternus, alterna, alternum - one after the other, alternate
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