8. 2 sc resolution 1379 (Summary)




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8.2 SC Resolution 1379 (Summary)








1379

Children and Armed Conflict (2001)

Abducted Children

Para 13c: Urges regional and subregional organizations and arrangements to: take steps leading to the elimination of cross-border activities deleterious to children in times of conflict, such as the cross-border recruitment and abduction of children, the sale of or traffic in children, attacks on camps and settlements of refugees and IDP’s, the illicit trade in precious minerals, the illicit trafficking in small arms and light weapons, and other criminal activities.

Access

Para 5: Underlines the importance of the full, safe and unhindered access of humanitarian personnel and goods and the delivery of humanitarian assistance to all children affected by armed conflict.

Child Soldiers: recruitment and use of children


Para 11b: Requests agencies, funds and programmes of the UN to: take account of ways of reducing child recruitment that is contrary to accepted int’l standards when formulating development assistance programmes.
Para 13d: Urges regional and subregional organizations and arrangements to: develop and expand regional initiatives to prevent the use of child soldiers in violation of int’l law and to take appropriate measures to ensure the compliance by parties to armed conflict with obligations to protect children in armed conflict situations.
Para 16: Requests the SG to attach to his report a list of parties to armed conflict that recruit or use children in violation of the int’l obligations applicable to them, in situations that are on the SC’s agenda or that may be brought to the attention of the SC by the SG, in accordance with Article 99 of the Charter of the UN, which in his opinion may threaten the maintenance of int’l peace and security.

Child Soldiers:

DDR programs

Para 12a: Encourages the int’l financial institutions and regional financial and development institutions to devote part of their assistance to rehabilitation and reintegration programmes conducted jointly by agencies, funds, programmes and State parties to conflicts that have taken effective measures to comply with their obligations to protect children in situations of armed conflict, incl. the demobilization and reintegration of child soldiers, in particular those who have been used in armed conflicts contrary to int’l law.

Commitments

Para 8d: Calls upon all parties to armed conflict to: abide by the concrete commitments they have made to the SRSG/CAC, as well as relevant UN bodies, to ensure the protection of children in situations of armed conflict.

Conflict and Business

Para 6: Expresses its intention to consider taking appropriate steps, in accordance with the Charter of the UN, to address the linkages between armed conflict and terrorism, the illicit trade in precious minerals, the illicit trafficking in small arms and light weapons, and other criminal activities, which can prolong armed conflict or intensify its impact on civilian populations, incl. children.

Para 9c: Urges Member States to: consider, where appropriate, measures that may be taken to discourage corporate actors, within their jurisdiction, from maintaining commercial relations with parties to armed conflicts that are on the SC’s agenda, when those parties are violating applicable int’l law on the protection of children in armed conflict.
Para 9d: Urges Member States to: consider measures against corporate actors, individuals and entities under their jurisdiction that engage in illicit trade in natural resources and small arms, in violation of relevant SC resolutions and the Charter of the UN.
Para 13c: Urges regional and subregional organizations and arrangements to: take steps leading to the elimination of cross-border activities deleterious to children in armed conflict, such as …. the illicit trade in precious minerals (see also abduction and small arms).

Coord, International Cooperation

Para 3: Supports the ongoing work of the SG, the SRSG/CAC, UNICEF, UNHCR, other agencies of the UN system and other int’l organizations dealing with children affected by armed conflict.
Para 11a: Requests the agencies, funds and programmes of the UN to: coordinate their support and assistance to parties to armed conflict in fulfilling their obligations and commitments to children.

Delivery of Humanitarian Assistance

Para 4: Expresses its intention, where appropriate, to call upon the parties to a conflict to make special arrangements to meet the protection and assistance requirements of women, children and other vulnerable groups, incl. through the promotion of “days of immunisation” and other opportunities for the safe and unhindered delivery of basic necessary services

IDP’s and Refugees

Para 8b: Calls upon all parties to armed conflict to: provide protection and assistance to refugees and internally displaced persons, the majority of whom are women and children, in accordance with applicable int’l norms and standards.

Gender (based violence)

Para 8c: Calls upon all parties to armed conflict to: take special measures to promote and protect the rights and meet the special needs of girls affected by armed conflict, and to put an end to all forms of violence and exploitation, incl. sexual violence, particularly rape.
Para 11d: Requests the agencies, funds and programmes of the UN to: ensure that the special needs and particular vulnerabilities of girls affected by armed conflict, incl. those heading households, orphans, sexually exploited and used as combatants, are duly taken into account in the design of development assistance programmes, and that adequate resources are allocated to such programmes.

Impunity

Para 9a: Urges Member States to: put an end to impunity, prosecute those responsible for genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes, and other egregious crimes perpetrated against children and exclude, where feasible, these crimes from amnesty provisions and relevant legislation, and ensure that post-conflict truth-and-reconciliation processes address serious abuses involving children.

International Standards / Ratification

& Implemen-tation


Para 8a: Calls upon all parties to armed conflict to: respect fully the relevant provisions of applicable int’l law relating to the rights and protection of children in armed conflict….
Para 9b: Urges Member States to: consider appropriate legal, political, diplomatic, financial and material measures, in accordance with the Charter of the UN, in order to ensure that parties to armed conflict respect int’l norms for the protection of children.
Para 9e: Urges Member States to: consider ratifying the OP to the CRC on the Involvement of Children in Armed Conflict and ILO Convention 182.

Landmines

Para 8a: Calls upon all parties to armed conflict to respect the relevant provisions of applicable int’l law relating to the rights and protection of children in armed conflict, including the Ottawa Convention.

Peacekeeping & Peacebuilding Operations

Para 2: Expresses its readiness explicitly to include provisions for the protection of children, when considering the mandates of peacekeeping operations, and reaffirms, in this regard, its readiness to continue to include, where appropriate, child protection advisers in peacekeeping operations.
Para 10a: Requests the SG to: take the protection of children into account in peacekeeping plans submitted to the SC, inter alia, by including, on a case by case basis, child protection staff in peacekeeping and, as appropriate, peace-building operations and strengthening expertise and capacity in the area of human rights, where necessary.
Para 10c: Request the SG to: continue and intensify, on a case by case basis, monitoring and reporting activities by peacekeeping and peace-building support operations on the situation of children in armed conflict.
Para 12b: Encourages the int’l financial institutions and regional financial and development institutions to: contribute resources for quick-impact projects in conflict zones where peacekeeping operations are deployed or are in the process of deployment.
Para 13b: Urges regional and subregional organizations and arrangements to: consider including child protection staff in their peacekeeping and field operations and provide training to members of such operations on child rights/protection.

Peacekeeping & Peacebuilding

Training

Para 10b: Requests the SG to: ensure that all peacekeeping personnel receive and follow appropriate guidance on HIV/AIDS and training in int’l human rights, humanitarian and refugee law relevant to children.

Peace Negotiations,

Peace Agmts

Para 8e: Calls upon parties to conflict to: provide protection of children in peace agreements, incl., where appropriate, provisions relating to the disarmament, demobilization, reintegration and rehabilitation of child soldiers and the reunification of families, and to consider, when possible, the views of children in those processes.

Post-conflict programmes

Para 11e: Integrate HIV/AIDS awareness, prevention, care and support into emergency, humanitarian, and post-conflict programmes.
Para 11f: Support the development of local capacity to address post-conflict child rehabilitation and reintegration concerns.
Para 11g: Promote a culture of peace, incl. through support for peace education programmes and other non-violent approaches to conflict prevention and resolution, in peace-building activities.

Prevention

Para 11c: Requests the agencies, funds and programmes of the UN to: devote particular attention and adequate resources to the rehabilitation of children affected by armed conflict, particularly their counselling, education and appropriate vocational opportunities, as a preventive measure and as a means of reintegrating them into society.

Regional Orgs (incl. International Financial Institutions)

Para 12a: Encourages the int’l financial institutions and regional financial and development institutions to: devote part of their assistance to rehabilitation and reintegration programmes conducted jointly by agencies, funds, programmes and State parties to conflicts that have taken effective measures to comply with their obligations to protection children in situations of armed conflict, incl. the demobilization and reintegration of child soldiers.
Para 12c: Encourages the int’l financial institutions and regional financial and development institutions to: support the efforts of the regional organizations engaged in activities for the benefit of children affected by armed conflict, by providing them with financial and technical assistance, as appropriate.
Para 13a: Urges regional and subregional organizations and arrangements to: consider establishing within, their secretariats, child protection mechanisms for the development and implementation of policies, activities and advocacy for the benefit of children affected by armed conflict, and consider the views of children in the design and implementation of such policies and programmes where possible.

Reporting


Para 14: Requests the SG to continue to include in his written reports to the Council on conflict situations his observations concerning the protection of children and recommendations in this regard.
Para 16: Requests the SG to attach to his report a list of parties to armed conflict that recruit or use children in violation of the int’l obligations applicable to them, in situations that are on the SC’s agenda or that may be brought to the attention of the SC by the SG, in accordance with Article 99 of the Charter of the UN, which in his opinion may threaten the maintenance of int’l peace and security.

Sanctions

Para 7: Undertakes to consider, as appropriate, when imposing measures under Article 41 of the Charter of the UN, the economic and social impact of sanctions on children, with a view to providing appropriate humanitarian exemptions that take account of their specific needs and their vulnerability and to minimise such impact.


Small Arms and Light Weapons

Para 6: Expresses its intention to consider taking appropriate steps, in accordance with the Charter of the UN, to address the linkages between armed conflict and terrorism, the illicit trade in precious minerals, the illicit trafficking in small arms and light weapons, and other criminal activities, which can prolong armed conflict or intensify its impact on civilian populations, incl. children.
Para 13c: Urges regional and subregional organizations and arrangements to: take steps leading to the elimination of cross-border activities deleterious to children in times of armed conflict, such as … the illicit trafficking in small arms and light weapons. (see also abduction and business).

Targeting of Civilians / Children

Para 1: Expresses, accordingly, its determination to give the fullest attention to the question of the protection of children in armed conflict when considering the matters of which it is seized.




8.2 SC RESOLUTION 1379


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