Editorial Summary of a Meeting of the Military Sub-Committee
February 22, 1946, 4:00 P.M., Generalissimo’s Aide’s Office Chungking, China
This semester seems to have come to an end in the class,” General Chang Chih-chung joked. “I hope so,” teacher Marshall responded. The first issue discussed was possible public perceptions of various wordings of the agreement’s formal title. The Chinese finally agreed that it should be: “Basis for Military Reorganization and for the Integration of Communist Army into the National Forces.” The conferees then took up the problem of the proper intent and meaning in Chinese of the somewhat vague American term “service area.” They discussed additional wording changes intended to facilitate clarity.
Marshall then moved them into a discussion of the press release on the agreement. He was reluctant to have his name on this document because of possible public relations problems; for example, the press in the U.S. would probably play up Marshall’s name and not mention Chang and Chou, which might lead to resentment in China. Chang and Chou were not deterred, so Marshall agreed to sign last as an adviser. This settled, the conferees worked out various changes in the document’s wording. (The text of this press release is in China White Paper, p. 622.)
Chou En-lai had the authority to sign the demobilization-integration agreement for the Communists, but General Chang Chih-chung first needed to confer with Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek. (Foreign Relations, 1946, 9: 278–89.)
Recommended Citation: The Papers of George Catlett Marshall, ed. Larry I. Bland and Sharon Ritenour Stevens (Lexington, Va.: The George C. Marshall Foundation, 1981– ). Electronic version based on The Papers of George Catlett Marshall, vol. 5, “The Finest Soldier,” January 1, 1945–January 7, 1947 (Baltimore and London: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2003), p. 468.