|2009 UIUC HIGH SCHOOL SOLO ROUND 10
Questions by: Donald Taylor, Mike Sorice, James Sanner, Trygve Meade, and the writers of BATE
1. He adapted the works of Offenbach and Rossini among others for his Heroic Warriors, while in a reversal the musical Kismet takes many of its themes from one of his works, and his Symphony No. 3 in A Minor was unfinished at his death. A member of the Mighty Five, he penned the opera The Tsar's Bride, and his "Nocturne" can be found within his String Quartet No. 2 in D Major. One of his works contains the Polovtsian Dances, and he composed the unfinished Prince Igor. For 10 points, name this composer of In the Steppes of Central Asia.
ANSWER: Aleksandr Porfiryevich Borodin
2. One figure renamed him Zaphnath-Paaneah, and the Pseudopigrapha contains the story of him and his wife Asenath. Rising to the position of prime minister, he had a divining cup placed in the sack of a visitor, only for the episode to result in an invitation to settle in Egypt. While imprisoned, he met a baker and butler who could not interpret a dream, and he was eventually called upon to interpret a dream involving a pair of cows. The father of Manasseh and Ephraim, he was falsely accused by the wife of Potiphar of adultery, and his father thought him dead upon seeing the blood of a kid on a certain garment. For 10 points, identify this owner of a coat of many colors.
3. This work contains a metaphor involving an unspun piece of wool, and one figure is tied up, has a chamber pot dumped on him, and has a lamp broken over his head. After a group seizes the Acropolis in this play, a failed attempt is made to smoke them out, and the Propylaia serves as a backdrop to its opening scene. The body of Peace is used to outline the terms of an agreement in this play, and Kinesias’ attempt to use his son as bait for Myrrhine failed. An oath is sworn over a jug of wine in this work, in which Lampito leads the Spartan execution of the central plan. For 10 points, identify this play in which women attempt to end the Peloponnesian War, a comedy by Aristophanes.
4. Opposing the Compromise of 1850 on the grounds that there was a "higher law" than the Constitution, he pressured Napoleon III into pulling out of Mexico and predicted the outbreak of the Civil War in his "irrepressible conflict" speech. Heading one delegation at the Hampton Roads conference, he was stabbed in the throat by Lewis Powell and oversaw the annexation of the Midway Islands. A former governor of New York, this former Whig failed to get the Republican nod in 1860, but was soon appointed to the Cabinet. For 10 points, identify this man, Lincoln's Secretary of State who oversaw the purchase of Alaska, his eponymous "folly."
ANSWER: William Henry Seward
5. In the Wurtz reaction, sodium metal is used to recover them. One reaction used to create them involves a hydrazine intermediate, while one that involves a zinc amalgam as a catalyst is converts a carbonyl to one of these and is named for Clemmensen. Protonation of a Grignard reagent with a weak acid yields one of these compounds, and ketones and aldehydes reduce to these compounds via the Wolff-Kishner reaction. For 10 points, identify this class of organic compounds with a carbon-carbon single bond which includes methane and butane.
ANSWER: alkanes [accept paraffin]
6. A child in this novel dies by drowning in a pool of water on the street, and one figure lucks upon a $100 dollar bill while begging, but ends up in jail after beating up the bartender who tried cheating him. The novel opens with an ethnic wedding, and Phil Collins seduces one figure and convinces her to become a prostitute. Marija ends up taking up the same profession, and its author claimed that he "had aimed at the public's heart and hit it in the stomach," as this work was a driving force behind the Pure Food and Drug Act. Set in Packingtown, it focuses on the trials and tribulations of Lithuanian immigrant Jurgis Rudkus. For 10 points, identify this muckraking novel by Upton Sinclair.
ANSWER: The Jungle
7. In one game, Stanley the Bugman is portrayed as the man sent to prevent his invasion of a greenhouse, and he must travel through the Monkey Mines in one title. One of his relatives owns a pair of "Peanut Popguns," and his arch-nemesis owns a gun that can shoot multiple varieties of cannonballs. In a game for the Super NES, he has to be rescued by his cousins Diddy and Dixie. The star of games subtitled "King of Swing" and "Jungle Blast," for 10 points, identify this video game ape found in several Nintendo games.
ANSWER: Donkey Kong
8. Lesser known works by this man include Totemism and Exogamy and Lectures on the Early History of the Kingship. This man discusses an ancient ritual at Aricia near Lake Nemi in a work that is divided into sections like “The Corn Spirit as an Animal”, “Osiris and the Sun” and “The Ritual of Adonis”. This most famous work by this man takes its name from an object that Sibyl presented to Hades in the Aeneid and is subtitled “a study in magic and religion”. FTP, identify this Scottish anthropologist who wrote The Golden Bough.
ANSWER: James George Frazer
9. As part of his reconciliation with the papacy under Leo IX, he ordered the construction of two monasteries at Caen, and his half-brother Odo tried to overthrow his successor in favor of Robert Curthose. In one battle, his forces feigned retreat three times and slaughtered the foot soldiers who were fooled, his opponent in this battle had recently defeated Tostig and Harald Haadrade. Following a failed invasion of his kingdom by Canute IV, he ordered a survey that was recorded in the Doomsday Book, and by one account, Edward the Confessor named this figure as heir to the throne. For 10 points, identify this leader, the Norman victor at the Battle of Hastings.
ANSWER: William I [accept William the Conqueror, William the Bastard, William of Normady, Guillaume le Conquerat, Guillaume le Batard, or Guillaume de Normandie]
10. They are useful when studying circuits involving "and" or "not and" gates. They can be applied to the Boolean algebra and set theory. They are useful in C++ programming because they simplify the language and are often remembered using a variation of the line “If you need to break the line, change the sign”. They can be proved through truth tables, and when more than two sets are involved one is proved by showing inclusion in both the intersection of each converse and the compliment of the union of each of those sets. FTP name this set of laws from symbolic logic that state not parenthesis p or q close parenthesis is equivalent to not p and not q.
ANSWER: DeMorgan Laws
11. This war saw the first use of concentration camps for civilian noncombatants, while Jacobus De La Rey fought in its western theater. One phase in this conflict included sieges at Kimberley and Ladysmith, and became known as the Black Week. Scorched earth tactics were utilized in this conflict by Lord Kitchener, and in the events leading up to it, the Uitlanders were denied political rights by Paul Kruger. Ended by the Peace of Vereeniging, for 10 points, identify this conflict between Great Britain and the forces of the Transvaal and Orange Free State, fought in South Africa.
ANSWER: Anglo-Boer War [prompt on South African War until the end]
12. The influence Thomas Hart Benton had on him showed in Going West, and he claimed that a technique he developed "veiled the image" that featured in his earlier works. While under the care of Jungian psychologists, he produced Guardians of the Secret and Bird, and he also produced a series of paintings in black enamel, including Number Twenty-three. The creator of Full Fathom Five, Lucifer and Eyes in the Heat are examples of his use of "poured" painting. Known for his use of "action painting," for 10 points, identify this artist, the foremost abstract expressionist.
ANSWER: Jackson Pollock
13. This work contains a poem in which "a rat crept softly through the vegetation / dragging its slimy belly on the bank," and the speaker wept "by the waters of Leman." The leaves "waited for rain, while the black clouds gathered far distant" in the last part of this work, "What the Thunder Said," and Phlebas the Phoenician is the subject of the fourth poem in this collection, "Death by Water." The last three words of this collection are "shantih shanith shantih," and For 10 points, identify this collection of poems which opens with the line "April is the cruellest month," written by T.S Eliot.
ANSWER: The Waste Land
14. In one legend, it was he who made Vulcan’s underground palace and the walls around Sicily, and was even able to walk on water. His two daughters sacrificed themselves to save Aonia from a plague, and in one legend he was born from a buried bull’s hide that the King of Boeotia urinated on, but he is usually depicted as a son of Poseidon. While on Delos, he served as a servant to Eos, and Cedalion guided this figure east, as he was blinded after raping Merope. In one myth concerning his death, Apollo tricked Artemis into killing him, as she was about to wed this giant. For 10 points, identify this hunter who was killed by a scorpion and made into a constellation.
15. This idea gives rise to the Fermi level in the band theory of solids. A consequence of this idea leads to the Slater determinant. One way of stating it is by claiming that a multi-particle wavefunction must be an eigenfunction of the exchange operator with eigenvalue minus 1, so that swapping two particles’ coordinates gives the negative of the original wave function. It does not apply to bosons like photons, but does apply to fermions like electrons. Its prevents matter from collapsing in upon itself and leads to the successive buildup of orbitals around the atomic nucleus. For 10 points, name this rule that states no two electrons in an atom may have the same set of quantum numbers.
ANSWER: the Pauli exclusion principle [accept either underlined part]
16. Its upper reaches were explored by Alexander von Humboldt, and its delta stretches from the Gulf of Paria to Barima Point. Shortly after passing the Maipures and Atures rapids, it receives the Meta river. This waterway rises near Mt. Delgado Chalbaud, and Ciudad Bolivar and Ciudad Guayana lie on its banks. The Caura and Caroni rivers flow into it, and one arm of it, the Casiquiare, flows into the Rio Negro. Its chief tributary is the Apure, and it flows across the Llanos before emptying into the Atlantic Ocean. For 10 points, identify this South American river that runs along the border of Colombia and Venezuela.
ANSWER: Orinoco River
17. The absence of a certain protein into this structure is the apparent cause of progeria. That absence can result from a defect in the RAN-GTP cycle, which also allows hexokinase to be sequestered here if the cell does not need to activate glycolysis. In proliferative cells this structure is home to Cajal bodies, and this organelle contains machinery to attach poly-A tails and 5’ caps to transcripts before their export. Ubiquitous in all eukaryotic cells except erythrocytes, for 10 points, identify this “control center” of the cell that contains genetic material.
ANSWER: nucleus (do not accept nucleolus)
18. Thurlow Weed published this group's Enquirer in New York, and its members included governors Joseph Ritner of Pennsylvania and William Palmer of Vermont. The first party to use a national convention to select its candidate, for a time it was led by Thaddeus Stevens. This party won the state of Vermont in the 1832 Presidential election, in which it was represented by Amos Ellmaker and William Wirt. Founded after the disappearance of William Morgan, for 10 points, name this political party that was against its eponymous fraternal order.
ANSWER: Anti-Masonic Party
19. This philosopher wrote a book about the work of Emmanuel Swedenborg entitled Dreams of a Spirit Seer. This philosopher advocated an international system of liberal democracy in which no state would attack the other, which he wrote about in his work Perpetual Peace, which he wrote in addition to Observation on the Feelings of the Beautiful and Sublime. The Liar’s Paradox is sometimes given as a counter example to his most famous moral concept, which claims that all actions that one takes should be universal goods, known as the categorical imperative. For 10 points, identify this philosopher who wrote three Critiques, including those of Judgement and Pure Reason.
ANSWER: Immanuel Kant
20. On a journey to France, one figure in this work toys with a bear before killing it, and most of the chapter titles in this work are in the first person. Part of this work takes place on a sugar and tobacco plantation in Brazil, and the Moroccan city of Sallee also serves as a setting in this work. The protagonist is moored in China by his nephew, and most of this novel is set near Trinidad, where one former cannibal is freed and taught to eat goat meat before reuniting with his father. The appearance of a footprint in the sand frightens the title character in this novel, who disobeyed his father and sought a life at sea. Based on the story of Alexander Selkirk, the protagonist rescues a black man and names him Friday. For 10 points, identify this novel about a shipwrecked sailor by Daniel Defoe.
ANSWER: Robinson Crusoe