15. Sanitary Standard for Chewing and Bubble Gum Bases as Food Raw Materials




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15. Sanitary Standard for Chewing and Bubble Gum Bases as Food Raw Materials
DOH Food No. 498933 Announced, 11/15/1984
Chewing and bubble gum bases as food raw materials shall meet the following requirements:

  1. A chewing or bubble gum base shall consist of one or more components listed in the Table of Chewing Bases. The amount of usage of each component shall not be more than the amount needed for processing.

  2. Besides the materials listed in the Table of Chewing Bases, chewing and bubble gum bases may also contain other food additives which are allowed for use chewing and bubble gum bases under the regulations set in 「the Scope and Application Standards of Food Additives」.

  3. Arsenic(As):Not more than 3 ppm(as As).

  4. Lead(Pb):Not more than 3 ppm.

  5. Heavy metal:Not more than 0.004﹪(as Pb).

  6. The tolerance of bacteria shall meet the requirements set in the Sanitary Standard for General Foods.



Table of Chewing Bases


    1. Natural chewing bases(congealed or concentrated plant latexes)




Name of plant latexes

Source

Family

Genus and species

1. Chicle

Sapotaceae

Sapodillaor Manikara zapota L.and Manilkara chicle Gilly.


2. Chiquibul

Sapotaceae

Sapodillaor Manikara zapota L.

3. Crown gum

Sapotaceae

Sapodillaor Manikara zapota L.and Manilkara chicle Gilly.

4. Gutta hang kang

Sapotaceae

Palaquium leiocarpum Borel and Palaquium oblongifolium Burck.

5. Massaranduba balata and the extracted resin after desolventization

Sapotaceae

Manilkara huberi (Ducke)Chevalier.

6. Massaranduba chocolate

Sapotaceae

Manilkara solimoesensis Gilly.

7. Nispero

Sapotaceae

Sapodillaor Manikara zapota L.and Manilkara chicle Gilly

8. Rosidinha(or rosadinha)

Sapotaceae

Micropholis (or Sideroxylon)Genus

9. Venezuelan chicle

Sapotaceae

Manilkara williamsii Standley and relevant species

10. Jelutong

Apocynaceae


Dyera costulata Hook, F. and Dyera lowii Hook, F.

11. Leche caspi(or sorva)

Apocynaceae

Couma macrocarpa Barb. Rodr.

12. Pendare

Apocynaceae

Couma macrocarpa Barb. Rodr. and Couma utilis(Mart.)Muell. Arg.

13. Perillo

Apocynaceae

Couma macrocarpa Barb. Rodr. and Couma utilis(Mart.)Muell. Arg.

14. Leche de vaca

Moraceae


Apocynaceae

Brosimum utile(H.B.K.)Pittier, Poulsenia Genus and Lacmellea standleyi(Woodson).

Monachino.

15. Niger gutta

Moraceae

Ficus platyphylla Del.

16. Tunu(or tuno)

Moraceae

Castilla fallax Cook.

17. Chilte

Euphorbiaceae


Cnidoscolus(or Jatrophaelasticus Lundell and Cnidoscolus tepiquensis(Cost. and Gall) McVaugh.

18. Natural rubber(smoked foils or leaves, or latex solid)

Euphorbiaceae

Hevea brasiliensis.



    1. Synthetic chewing bases

      1. Butadiene-styrene Rubber

      2. Petroleum Wax

      3. Petroleum Wax, Synthetic

      4. Paraffin, Synthetic

      5. Isobutylene-isoprene Copolymer(Butyl Rubber)

      6. Polyethylene

      7. Polyisobutylene

      8. Polyvinyl Acetate




    1. Plasticizers

      1. Methyl Acetyl Ricinolate

      2. Glycerol Ester of Wood Rosin

      3. Lanolin

      4. Rice Bran Wax

      5. Glycerol Ester of Tall Oil Rosin

      6. Glycerol Ester of Gum Rosin

      7. Glycerol Ester of Partially Dimerized Rosin

      8. Methyl Ester of Rosin, Partially Hydrogenated

      9. Glycerol Ester of Partially Hydrogenated Gum or Wood Rosin

      10. Pentaerythritol Ester of Partially Hydrogenated Gum or Wood Rosin

      11. Stearic Acid

      12. Sodium and Potassium Stearate

      13. Polybutylene

      14. Glycerol Ester of Polymerized Rosin

      15. Pentaerythritol Ester of Gum or Wood Rosin




    1. Terpene Resins

      1. Natural Resin

      2. Synthetic Resin


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