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Annual Report



State of the Environment

1997 REPORT


Part A
STATE OF THE ENVIRONMENT 1997 REPORT
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Abbreviations 9

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT 10

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 11

1.0 INTRODUCTION 13

2.0 BIODIVERSITY RESOURCES EXPLOITED IN TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO 21

2.1 Timber 21

2.2 Fisheries 27

2.3 Wildlife 34

2.4 Other Exploited Species 35

2.5 Habitats/Ecosystems 37

3.0 THREATS TO THE BIODIVERSITY RESOURCES OF TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO 38

3.1 Threats to Habitats and Ecosystems 38

3.2 Threats to Species 39

4.0 LEGAL, ADMINISTRATIVE AND POLICY FRAMEWORK FOR MANAGEMENT OF BIODIVERSITY RESOURCES 41

4.1 The Regulatory Framework 41

4.2 The Institutional Framework 43

4.3 The Principal Management Thrusts 44

5.0 EVALUATION OF BIODIVERSITY RESOURCES AND MANAGEMENT 50

5.1 Data Bases/Data Access 50

5.2 Forests 51

5.3 Fisheries 54

5.4 Wildlife 54

5.5 Ecosystems 55

5.6 Species 57

5.7 Policy Considerations 60

6.0 MANAGEMENT IMPERATIVES 63

APPENDIX 1 65

APPENDIX 2 66

APPENDIX 3 67

LIST OF MAPS


Map 1-1 Trinidad and Tobago Forest Types

Map 2-1 Summary of Log Outturn by Conservancy for 1997

Map 2-2 Exploited Pine and Teak Plantations – Trinidad

Map 2-3 T&T Fishing Grounds & Landing Sites

Map 4-1 T&T Wildlife Sanctuaries and Conservancies


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LIST OF TABLES


Table 1.1 Estimates of Sizes of Forested Areas in Trinidad and Tobago (Forestry Division, 1996)

Table 2.1 Main Timber Species Exploited in Trinidad and Tobago

Table 2.2 Commercially Exploited Fin and Shell Fish Species

Table 2.3 Fishing Vessel Fleet Sizes

Table 2.4 Exploited Game Species

Table 2.5 Annual Estimated Revenue from Game Harvests and Hunting Permits

Table 2.6 Other Exploited Animal Species

Table 2.7 Exploited Non-Timber Plant Species

Table 5.1 Estimate of Persons involved in the Exploitation/Management

of Biodiversity

Table 5.2 Annual Forest and Bush Fires

Table 5.3 Reforestation Rates on State Lands (1987-1996)

Table 5.4 Key Ecosystems

Table 5.5 Key and Charismatic Species – Fauna

Table 5.6 Key and Charismatic Species - Flora

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LIST OF FIGURES


Figure 1-1 Estimates of Sizes of Forested Areas in Trinidad and Tobago

Figure 1-2 Trinidad and Tobago Species Biodiversity

Figure 1-3 Relative Size of Forested/Non-Forested Areas in Trinidad and Tobago

Figure 2-1 Sawnwood Production

Figure 2-2 Fish Catches

Figure 5-6 Honorary Game Wardens



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Abbreviations

BP Before Present


Ch Chapter
CM Centimetre
CBO Citizen-based Organisation
CSO Central Statistical Office
EEZ Exclusive Economic Zone
EMA Environmental Management Authority
ha hectare
MALMR Ministry of Agriculture, Land & Marine Resources
km Kilometre
m3 cubic metre
NGO Non-Governmental Organisation
Sq square
TED Turtle Exclusion Device
UNDP United Nations Development Programme

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT


Data and information used for the preparation of the Report were obtained primarily from published and unpublished reports of various sources. These were mainly the government ministries and statutory bodies engaged in the management, research and monitoring of the renewable (biological) resources under the control of the State and studies and consultancy reports on relevant subjects. Data and information were also derived from interviews and discussions with personnel of these agencies. The extraction and collation of most of this data and the interviews were done by Ms. Nicole Leotaud on behalf of the Environmental Management Authority.

The Environmental Management Authority is grateful for the input of individuals and their agencies who facilitated access to data and information for use in this report. Without their dedication and hard work over the years, the body of knowledge which now exists on the biological diversity of Trinidad and Tobago, notwithstanding its limitations, would not be available.
Special recognition must be given to Senator Dr. Julian Kenny, former Professor at the University of the West Indies who volunteered to share information and his expert knowledge on the biodiversity of Trinidad and Tobago.
Special mention must also be made of the various Divisions and Sections of the Ministry of Agriculture, Land and Marine Resources, in particular the Fisheries and Forestry Divisions which have responsibility for policy formulation and management of the country’s renewable resources; the Departments of Environment and Agriculture of the Tobago House of Assembly and the Emperor Valley Zoo. The dedication and commitment of the staff of the Environmental Management Authority in the preparation and finalization of this report is highly commendable and cannot go unnoticed.
Notwithstanding the contributions of these agencies and individuals, the Environmental Management Authority remains responsible for any inaccuracies, misrepresentations or omissions in this document. The Authority advises that these would not have resulted from any deliberate action on its part.


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