{. he} {. L-} Print this document in the following way: Exit Turbo Pascal Activate the tlist program Answer error

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{.HE} {.L-} ***************************************************************** * * * Print this document in the following way: * * * * 1. Exit Turbo Pascal * * 2. Activate the TLIST program * * 3. Answer ERROR.DOC and press * * 4. Press to question about Options. * * * * * * If you want to change the left margin use the directive: * * PO (Page Offset E.g. PO8) (the dot must be in column one). * * * * You may also use the PL directive to set Page Length * * * ***************************************************************** {.L+} {.PO8} {.PL66} Addendum to TURBO REFERENCE MANUAL IBM-PC Version November 1983 (C) Copyright 1983 Borland International Inc. {.HEAddendum to the TURBO Pascal Reference Manual page: # \First printing November 1983 } {.PA} ----------------------------------------------------------------- GET STARTED RIGHT NOW ----------------------------------------------------------------- 1. Make a copy of the distribution disk to a fresh system disk. 2. Start TURBO. Press Y for Yes. (Include error messages) If you have 128K RAM or less do the following: 3. Press M for Main file 4. Answer: CALCMAIN and press RETURN 5. Press R for Run If you have more than 128K RAM do the following: 3. Press R for Run 4. Answer: CALC and press RETURN The compiler will now compile the file CALC.PAS. The object code is placed directly in memory for immediate execution. To make a COM file do the following: 1. select O for Options 2. Press C for Com file 3. Press Q to Quit the Options menu 4. Now press C for Compile. {.PA} ----------------------------------------------------------------- FILES ON THE DISTRIBUTION DISK ----------------------------------------------------------------- ---------------------------------------------------------------- ! THE FILE YOU MUST HAVE TO DEVELOP AND COMPILE PROGRAMS ! ---------------------------------------------------------------- ! TURBO.COM Compiler and Editor ! ---------------------------------------------------------------- ---------------------------------------------------------------- ! OPTIONAL FILES WHEN DEVELOPING PROGRAMS ! ---------------------------------------------------------------- ! TURBOMSG.OVR Error messages (You may omit this file) ! ! TLIST.COM Program lister (You may omit this file) ! ---------------------------------------------------------------- ---------------------------------------------------------------- ! FILES YOU ONLY NEED WHEN YOU INSTALL TURBO ! ---------------------------------------------------------------- ! TINST.COM Installation program ! ! TINSTMSG.OVR Message file for TINST ! --------------------------------------------------------------- You only need these files if you want to modify the editor com- mands or, if for any reason, you do not want TURBO to select the default display on your PC. ----------------------------------------------------------------- ! FILES WITH DEMONSTRATION PROGRAMS ! ----------------------------------------------------------------- ! CALCMAIN.PAS Root demo program demonstating include! ! CALC.PAS MicroCalc (spread sheet demo program) ! ! CALC.HLP On-line manual for MicroCalc ! ! CALCDEMO.MCS Example spread sheet definition ! ----------------------------------------------------------------- {.PA} ----------------------------------------------------------------- INSTALLATION ----------------------------------------------------------------- First of all, INSTALLATION IS USUALLY NOT NECESSARY. When you start TURBO, the default display mode will automatically be selected. This depends on ther type of board in your PC (monochrome, color, or b/w graphics). You may, however, use TINST to force TURBO to use another display mode, provided, of course, that the relevant hardware is installed. Invoke TINST and select Screen installation. Instead of the screen selection menu shown on page 229, you will have the following menu: ----------------------------------------------------------------- 0) Default display mode 1) Monochrome display 2) Color display 80x25 3) Color display 40x25 4) B/w display 80x25 5) B/w display 40x25 Which display? (Enter no. or ^X to exit) ----------------------------------------------------------------- You may now select the desired display mode which will then be used when you invoke TURBO. {.PA} ---------------------------------------------------------------- CORRECTIONS TO THE MANUAL: ---------------------------------------------------------------- PAGE 66 Examples of string comparisons: 'A' < 'B' is TRUE 'A' > 'b' is FALSE PAGE 126 The Init procedure should be CRTinit, and the Exit procedure should be CRTexit. PAGE 213 The X compiler directive is valid for the CP/M-80 implementation only. PAGE 193 / 197 The parameter for function calls should be defined as follows: RegPack = record ax,bx,cx,dx,bp,si,di,ds,es,flags: Integer; end; {.PA} --------------------------------------------------------------- MURPHY DELETED THE FOLLOWING FROM THE MANUAL: --------------------------------------------------------------- Procedure Halt; This procedure will stop execution of the Turbo pascal program and return to the point where the program was activated . Function UpCase(Ch: Char): Char; This function returns the uppercase equivalent of the parameter Ch. Example: if C1 has the value 'a' then UpCase(C1) has the value 'A'. Function Chr(I: IExpr): Char; This function returns the character with the ASCII value I. Example: Chr(65) has the value 'A'. Procedure Intr(InterruptNumber: IConstant; var Result: RecPack); This procedure initializes the registers and flags as specified in the parameter "RecPack" and then makes a software interrupt corresponding to the parameter "InterruptNumber" which must be a constant. When the interrupt service routine returns control to your program "RegPack" will contain any returned values form the service routine. {.PA} ----------------------------------------------------------------- LIST OF COMMON QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS ----------------------------------------------------------------- Q: How do I use the system? A: Please read the manual. Q: Is TURBO an interpreter like UCSD? A: No, it generates ultra-fast machine code. Q: Do I need TURBO to run programs developed in TURBO pascal? A: No make a .COM or .CMD file. Q: How many lines of code can the compiler handle. A: No limit (The object code however cannot excede 64 KB) Q: How many significant digits does TURBO support in floating point? A: 11. Q: Why do I get garbage on the screen when starting the TURBO editor. A: You have not installed TURBO for your system. Q: What do I do when I run out of space using the editor? A: Split your source code (see manual $I directive.) Q: What do I do when I run out of space while compiling? A: Use the $I directive and/or generate a .COM or .CMD file. Q: How do I make a .COM or .CMD file? A: Type O from the main menu then type C. Q: What do I do when the compiler generates too much code? A: Read the appendicies about compiler switches and .CHN files. {.PA} ---------------------------------------------------------------- A special note to IBM-PC users: ---------------------------------------------------------------- Notice that TURBO makes it easy to do cursor addressing, delete line, insert line etc. through built in procedures. We have also made it easier for you to use the editing and function keys in your programs: -------------------------------------------------------- Edit Key Returns Function Key Returns -------------------------------------------------------- Home G F1 ; Arrow Up H F2 < PgUp I F3 = Arrow Left K F4 > Arrow Right M F5 ? End O F6 @ Arrow Down P F7 A PgDn Q F8 B Ins R F9 C Del S F10 D --------------------------------------------------------

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